PT Test 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PT Test 5 Deck (20):
1

Which of the following statements is true regarding exercise for the prepubescent child?

Children are less tolerant of heat because of a higher threshold for sweating

2

Using the Heart Rate Reserve method, what is the target heart rate for a 40 year-old man with a
resting heart rate of 70 beats/min, exercising at an intensity of 65%?

142 beats/min

3

A 45 year old male weighs 202 lb (92 kg). Skinfold analysis indicates 24% of his weight is fat. If
he wants to decrease his body fat to 17%, what is his target body weight, assuming he maintains
the same lean body mass?

185 lb (84 kg)

4

Which of the following exercises works best in isolating the soleus muscle?

Seated heel raises with bent (flexed) knees

5

When doing a push-up on the floor, the motion at the elbow joint during the down phase is called
________ and the type of muscle action is called ________.

flexion, eccentric

6

Which of the following muscle groups must be strengthened in order to maintain a healthy back?

Abdominals, hip extensors and erector spinae

7

Which of the following correctly describes the technique used in PNF (Proprioceptive
Neuromuscular Facilitation)?

A contract-relax sequence to relax the muscle stretch reflex mechanism

8

An appropriate exercise to develop muscle endurance for the ________ is ________

wrist flexors; one set of 15 repetitions of wrist curls at low resistance

9

The ACSM recommended exercise prescription for developing and maintaining muscular strength
and endurance for health and fitness includes a minimum of:

1 set of 8-12 repetitions using 8-10 exercises that train the major muscle groups of the upper
and lower body.

10

As the percentage of 1 RM (Repetition Maximum) resistance increases

the number of repetitions until fatigue decreases

11

Which of the following describes a Valsalva maneuver performed during a free weight biceps curl?

expiration of air against a closed glottis

12

You are working as a certified Personal Trainer, and have a client who recently confided to you
that she is getting divorced. She admits to you that her exercise routine has suffered as a result of
the increased stress. Which of the following actions is most appropriate for you to take?

Recommend that she seek a mental health professional who can help her manage the
increased stress.

13

A client exercising at a level 15 on the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale is likely to describe
the exercise as ____________

Hard

14

Which of the following is the correct energy expenditure in METs associated with an exercise
oxygen uptake of 28 ml·kg-1·min-1?

8

15

What of the following is the formula for calculating the heart rate reserve?

Client's maximum heart rate, minus their resting heart rate

16

What is the minimum duration of an intermittent bout of aerobic activity that may be accumulated
throughout the day?

10 minutes

17

Case study: A new client who has been resistance training for 6 months, comes to you with a goal
of increasing muscular size. Following health appraisal and fitness testing including a modified 1
RM test, you design a program to meet the client's goal. Which of the following regimens best
defines an appropriate plan to achieve this client's goal?

4-6 sets of 6-12 repetitions at 85% 1 RM

18

A client who wants to strengthen muscles of the chest must perform exercises such as the bench
press and dumbbell flys as opposed to lat pull down and dumbbell rows. Which of the following
principles of training best describes this principle?

Specificity

19

The Valsalva maneuver may elicit which of the following physiological responses during the
concentric phase of a resistance training repetition?

Increased intrathoracic pressure and increased systolic blood pressure

20

Which of the following is the term used for a training regimen that begins with rapid eccentric
muscle action followed by concentric action of the same muscle?

Plyometrics