PT Test 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PT Test 18 Deck (30):

Which of the following is the correct sequence of events when starting the process for exercise
prescription for a new client?

Obtain a medical history, have the client perform a risk factor assessment, administer fitness
tests, interpret the data, prescribe exercise.


Which of the following locations is most sensitive to the baroreceptor reflex , when palpating the
pulse of an exercising client?

Carotid artery


Which of the following screening mechanisms would best optimize safety during exercise testing
and aid in the development of a safe and effective exercise prescription?

Health history screening to determine risk stratification


Which of the following structures are important to anterior/posterior postural observation and

Vertebral column for scoliosis and scapula for balance


The personal trainer's analysis of posture and body alignment should be made from which of the
three different positions?

Anterior, posterior, laterally from both sides


Information about the personal habits of a client including alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco
consumption is typically included in what document?

Medical history


Which of the following points should NOT be included in an Informed Consent document regarding
fitness testing?

Identical language for both diagnostic and prescriptive tests


For your client who is training outside in 90°F (32°C) weather at a moderate intensity, how often
should they drink water?

Once every 15 minutes.


Which four extrinsic risk factors may be associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal injury?

Excessive Load on the body, training errors, adverse environmental conditions, faulty


What is the equivalent of 2.5 pounds (1.13 kg) of body fat in kilocalories?

8750 kilocalories


Individuals participating in a non-medically based supervised weight loss program should reduce
their caloric intake by _____ kilocalories per day, and reduce their dietary fat intake to less than
_____ percent of their total caloric intake.

500 to 1000 kilocalories; 30%


An athlete in heavy endurance training should maintain a daily carbohydrate intake that is
approximately what percentage of his/her total energy intake?



Which of the following is true about energy contents?

water = 0 kcal/gram, protein = 4 kcal/gram, alcohol = 7 kcal/gram


An intake of additional protein calories above an average individual's daily requirement will result
in which of the following?

A conversion to fat and stored as triglyceride


Which of the following is a potential danger of long-term consumption of a high-protein diet?

Calcium is drawn from the bones & excreted in the urine


When reading the label on a new "energy" bar, you notice that the bar is "sweetened with
fructose". Based on this label, which of the following conclusions can you make about this

The bar is sweetened with a monosaccharide


A certified Personal Trainer fails to properly spot a client performing heavy incline dumbbell
presses and the client injures himself. This is an example of what type of negligence?



What is the correct order of an effective program planning model?

Needs assessment, program planning, program implementation, program evaluation


Which of the following is NOT true regarding a properly administered informed consent form?
A. It provides an explanation of all procedures to be performed.
B. It releases the facility and personnel from liability.
C. It provides an opportunity for inquiries.
D. It encourages and implies confidentiality.

It releases the facility and personnel from liability


A routine pattern of adhering to and documenting compliance with fitness industry guidelines is
often an effective guard against ________.



What are three non-modifiable conditions that place someone at increased risk for the
development of coronary artery disease?

Advanced age, gender, family history


Which of the following practices are NOT recommended for persons with asthma who desire to
participate in a strenuous aerobic exercise program?
A. Exercise in an environment with warm, moist air.
B. Self-administer prescribed medication as directed prior to or during the exercise session.
C. Use a short, intense warm-up.
D. Use a scarf or surgical mask in front of the mouth if exercising in cold weather.

Use a short, intense warm-up


What is the recommendation for daily physical activity for youth?

30 minutes at moderate intensity and 30 minutes at vigorous intensity


During the concentric phase of a chin-up (with the forearms in a supinated grip) the glenohumeral
joint is moving through ______ in the ______ plane.

extension, sagittal


When developing an exercise prescription for a client visiting a high altitude environment (over
1500 m), the personal trainer should be aware that ______.

it may take up to two weeks to overcome decreased exercise performance


What is the action of the trapezius muscle in the lifting phase of a standing dumbbell lateral raise?

Concentric upward rotation of the scapula


Which recommendation is most appropriate for the hypertensive individual training to improve
cardio respiratory endurance?

swimming at 65% VO2 reserve


When working with clients who have complications from type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypoglycemia
during exercise becomes a greater concern with ______.

autonomic neuropathy


Henry would like to focus on improving strength in his chest muscles. Which exercise reflects the
specificity principle?

Dumbbell fly


What is the recommended intensity range of aerobic exercise for a low risk adult who currently
meets minimal physical activity levels?

40-55% HHR