PT Test 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PT Test 7 Deck (20):

The acronym IDEA includes which of the following steps to solve a problem?

Developing a list of solutions


Your client is telling you about his progress during the past week. You do not quite understand
what the client is trying to convey. You restate what the client just told you and ask him/her if that
is correct. Which of the following terms define the communication strategy described in the above



What is the initial American College of Sports Medicine risk stratification of a 57 year old female
client who has a blood pressure of 150/70 mm Hg and a total serum cholesterol of 240 mg/dL (6.2 42mmol/L)?

Moderate risk


What risk stratification would physician supervision be recommended during exercise testing?

High risk, submax testing


What does waist to hip ratio assess?

Distribution of body weight


Your new client is a 42 year old male who is a stock broker. His health history revealed the
following: total cholesterol 185 mg/dL (4.7 mmol/L) , HDL 32 mg/dL (0.8 mmol/L), LDL 110 mg/dL
(2.8 mmol/L), resting blood pressure 138/80 mm Hg, waist circumference 98 centimeters. What is
his initial risk stratification?

Low risk


Who should obtain a physician's clearance before starting an exercise program?

Sedentary individuals who are going to perform vigorous exercise.


A sedentary 48 year old male with controlled hypertension has hired you to assist him with
beginning a marathon training program. Which level of pre-participation screening must a certified
Personal Trainer require?

Medical examination performed by his physician before he begins.


The risk of developing a myocardial infarction increases when there is a family history of
myocardial infarction or sudden death before the ages of:

55 years of age in a first-degree male relative; 65 years of age in a first-degree female relative


What is the standard site for the measurement of the subscapular skinfold?

One centimeter below the inferior angle of the scapula.


What are the most commonly used modes for cardiovascular exercise testing?

Treadmill, cycle ergometer, and bench stepping


Mr. Smith wishes to enroll in your exercise program. Preliminary evaluation revealed the following
ACSM 010-111 Exam
"Pass Any Exam. Any Time." - 45
Age = 50 years Resting heart rate = 78 beats/min
Weight = 198 lb (90 kg) Resting blood pressure = 162/94 mm Hg
Height = 70 inches (178 cm) Body fat = 30%
Blood chemistry:
Total cholesterol = 240 mg/dl (6.21 mmol/L)
HDL cholesterol = 34 mg/dl (0.88 mmol/L)
Triglycerides = 180 mg/dl (2.03 mmol/L)
Glucose = 98 mg/dl (5.55 mmol/L)
Family history and current habits:
Father died of heart attack at 90 years of age
Hypertensive mother died at age 84
Smokes a pipe after dinner each evening
Smokes cigarettes (25-30 per day)
Reports too much work and is struggling to meet deadlines
Currently doing moderate exercise
No medications at present
According to ACSM stratification guidelines, Mr. Smith has which of the following coronary artery
disease risk factors?

Hypertension, high total cholesterol, smoking.


If a 50 year old male checked a "yes" response on his PAR-Q, what is the next step for his
certified Personal Trainer?

Refer client to his physician


Of the nine possible skinfold sites, which three sites are measured on a diagonal fold?

Chest, subscapular, suprailiac


What is the difference between absolute and relative contraindication?

Absolute contraindications prevent the individual from any/all exercise testing and prescription whereas relative contraindications allow for some testing and participation


What is the appropriate sequence for fitness testing?

Body composition, cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular fitness, flexibility


What factors should be taken into account when determining appropriate exercise test and mode?

Age, health history, lifestyle


What is the anatomical reference for the waist circumference measurement?

Narrowest part of the torso, above the umbilicus, and below the xiphoid process


Which of the following risk factors for coronary heart disease enables you to subtract one risk
factor from the total amount of positive risk factors?

High serum HDL cholesterol > 60 mg/dl (1.6mmol/L)


Which of the following modifiable risk factors is the most preventable cause of death in the United
States today?

Cigarette Smoking