QUIZ 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in QUIZ 6 Deck (51)
1

prostaglandins are used to make steroid hormones

false

2

prostaglandins are synthesized only in the liver

false

3

prostaglandins can be used to induce labor

true

4

prostaglandins increase the secretion of stomach acid

false

5

prostaglandins are synthesized only in cells when it is needed

true

6

prostaglandins prevent the inflammation response

false

7

prostaglandins can cause fever and pain sensitivity

true

8

cholesterol is needed in the brain and people taking "statins" can experience memory loss

true

9

olestra "fake fat" has a sucrose backbone and 6-8 fatty acids attached

true

10

phospholipids are only lipids found in cell membrane

false

11

triglycerides are the most polar of the lipids

false

12

fats will usually have a higher iodine number than oils

false

13

most fats come from animals and most oils from vegetables

true

14

a wax is hard to digest because it has no ester linkage

false

15

eggs and butter have a high cholesterol content

true

16

plants do not contain cholesterol

true

17

an emulsifier keeps two compounds (one polar and one non) mixed together

true

18

the swelling in an inflammatory is due to the increase in permeability of the dilated blood vessles

true

19

some COX2 inhibitors can affect blood clotting, causing strokes or heart attacks

true

20

the redness in an inflammatory resonse is due to the dialation of the blood vessels

true

21

contains the highest % of protein

HDL

22

moves cholesterol from the cells to the liver

HDL

23

moves triglycerides form the liver to adipose tissue

VLDL

24

water soluble

galactose
triose
salt of a fatty acid

25

CO2

simple diffusion

26

glucose accumulating in the liver for storage

active transport

27

amino acids (going from high concentration in the blood to lower concentration in the cell)

facilitated diffusion

28

cholesterol

simple diffusion

29

cortisol

simple diffusion

30

a protein hormone

it cannot get into the cell

31

lecithin

phospholipid

32

corn oil

triglyceride

33

arachidonic acid

fatty acid

34

glycogen

not a lipid

35

covering on an apple

wax

36

estrogen

steroid structure

37

vitamin D

steroid structure

38

what steroid hormone regulates Na+ and K+ ions and promotes water retention

aldosterone

39

what steroid hormone regulates the conversion of proteins to carbohydrates

cortisone
cortisol

40

what compounds is converted to cholesterol

acetyl CoA

41

where is cholesterol made

liver

42

non phosphate spontifiable lipids

fats

oils

waxes

43

where is excess cholesterol, which is not needed by the body, transported

gallbladder

44

this excess cholesterol might accidentally precipitate out as what

gallstones

45

what is the emulsifier in egg yolk

lecithin

46

what are the components of crisco oil

glycerol

fatty acid, unsaturated

47

what are the components of butter

glycerol

fatty acid, saturated

48

what are the products of the saponification of a fat

soap

glycerol

49

cholesterol is used to synthesize what three types of compounds

bile salts

steroid hormones

vitamin D

50

the lack of an enzyme to metabolize glycolipids or sphingolipids may cause what genetic diseases

Tay Sachs

Niemann-Pick

51

what compound keeps cholesterol bound to proteins in HDL

phospholipid