RA 2- Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in RA 2- Exam 3 Deck (44):
1

goal of cosmetics and cosmetology

to simulate the natural appearance of the deceased

2

a natural, non-cosmetic effect... simulating the appearance of color coming from within the skin

Naturalism in cosmetology

3

in reference to cosmetics and cosmetology you should identify these three differences

1. Human complexions
2. Highlight & shadow areas
3. Warm color areas

4

skin pigments

melanin
carotene
hemoglobin

5

brown to brown- black pigment of the hair and skin; cells produce melanin, the more melanin, the darker the skin

melanin

6

yellow pigment of the skin; very similar in appearance to adipose tissue. It varies due to age, diet, and health

carotene

7

the protein matter of red blood; pigment that gives the blood color

hemoglobin

8

uneven concentrations of melanin appearing as a dark ethnic spots, classified as: Yellow, brownish, reddish.
Variations within each group: Light, Medium, Dark, Darker

freckles

9

heredity absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes

albinism

10

the color and texture of the skin

complexion

11

the yellowish color of the complexion; sickly color

sallow

12

red that appears purple

ruddy

13

red that is flushed with red; not as vivid as ruddy

florid

14

dark colored complexion; face made swarthy by the tropical sun

swarthy

15

involves the use of arterial injection solution that contains a dye

Red and brown are the most commonly used colors of active dye

internal complexion coloring

16

method of coloration is through the application of cosmetics to the skin

external complexion coloring

17

four basic factors that affect the normal complexion

age
climate
health
genetics

18

unusual deviations from one’s normal complexion due to:
Blood discoloration/ pigmentary discoloration

abnormal complexion variable

19

Yellow to greenish discoloration

jaundice

20

Bronze discoloration

Addison's disease

21

Gray discoloration

caused by the arterial injection fluid

22

purple discoloration

post-mortem stain; hospital markings

23

yellow/brown

dehydration

24

The purpose of restorative art is to recreate the natural form and color on the visible parts of a body: Postmortem cosmetology accomplishes this recreation of natural form and color by:

Replacing color in the skin that was lost through the settling of blood, the loss during embalming
Counteracting color changes in the skin caused by the graying effect of formaldehyde on blood and tissue
Covering discolorations in the skin
Accenting positive facial features.
De-emphasizing negatively appearing features.
Compensating for artificial funeral home lighting.

25

Classification of cosmetics based on the ability to see through the substance– three types

transparent
translucent
opaque

26

cosmetics that are somewhat transparent

translucent

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cosmetics that are neither transparent or translucent

opaque

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(semi-solid consistency); greatest problem is over application

creams

29

(solid substance in the state of fine, extremely fine particles; can be loose or compressed, produced by crushing or grinding). Used in the final step of the application process, to reduce the sheen

powder cosmetics

30

(fluid colorant in which pigments are dissolved or suspended).

liquid cosmetics

31

property of transmitting rays of light through its substance so that a body situated beyond or behind it can be distinctly seen. Liquid / Cream / Powder

transparent

32

These are the four basic pigments:

DARK BROWN
YELLOW
RED
WHITE

33

much like a cold cream, it does contain oil, glycerin. It comes in a number of different colors and tints. Sometimes used for the base of cosmetic application. Can help control density of cosmetics or even remove cosmetics

Massage cream

34

Know the methods of application (for liquid, cream, & powder)

a. Hand
b. Brush
c. Spray (as in paint)
d. Sponge
e. Puff/pad

35

Sources of Hair for brushes

- Examples: sable, badger, etc.
- Camel hair does not contain hair from a camel, however, it does describe a brush that is “soft, silky, fine hair”

36

cherry color pigmentary discoloration

CO poisoning

37

a bruise; a discoloration of the skin caused by the escape of blood within the tissues and generally accompanied by swelling. Purple in color

ecchymosis

38

a bruise; another name for ecchymosis

contusion

39

livor mortis

post mortem lividity

40

post mortem stain

hemolysis

41

Changes in moisture content:
light brown

dehydration

42

Changes in moisture content:
dark brown and black

friction, thermal and chemical burns

43

Changes in moisture content:
putty gray

formaldehyde gray, HCHO bleaches blood; sometimes seen in bruises

44

Those areas which during life are naturally reddened KNOW THIS!!!!!

- Cheeks
- Chin
- Ears
- Mucous membranes
- Lower parts of the nose
- Forehead (males)
- Hands: (knuckles, fingernails, cuticles)