Rapid Review - Key Associations (2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Rapid Review - Key Associations (2) Deck (30):
1

Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)

Dubin-Johnson syndrome (inability of hepatocytes to secrete conjugated bilirubin into bile)

2

Constrictive pericarditis

TB (developing world); SLE (developed world)

3

Coronary artery involved in thrombosis

LAD > RCA > LCA

4

Cretinism

Iodine deficit/hypothyroidism

5

Cushing syndrome

-ƒƒ Iatrogenic Cushing (from corticosteroid therapy)
-ƒƒ Adrenocortical adenoma (secretes excess cortisol)
-ƒƒ ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma
-ƒƒ Paraneoplastic Cushing (due to ACTH secretion by tumors)

6

Cyanosis (early; less common)

Tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus

7

Cyanosis (late; more common)

VSD, ASD, PDA

8

Death in CML

Blast crisis

9

Death in SLE

Lupus nephropathy

10

Dementia

Alzheimer disease, multiple infarcts

11

Demyelinating disease in young women

Multiple sclerosis

12

DIC

Severe sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burns, trauma, major surgery

13

Dietary deficit

Iron

14

Diverticulum in pharynx

Zenker diverticulum (diagnosed by barium swallow)

15

Ejection click

Aortic/pulmonic stenosis

16

Esophageal cancer

Squamous cell carcinoma (worldwide); adenocarcinoma (U.S.)

17

Food poisoning (exotoxin mediated)

S. aureus, B. cereus

18

Glomerulonephritis (adults)

Berger disease (IgA nephropathy)

19

Gynecologic malignancy

Endometrial carcinoma (most common in U.S.); cervical carcinoma (most common worldwide)

20

Heart murmur, congenital

Mitral valve prolapse

21

Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis

Mitral > aortic (rheumatic fever), tricuspid (IV drug abuse)

22

Helminth infection (U.S.)

Enterobius vermicularis, Ascaris lumbricoides

23

Hematoma—epidural

Rupture of middle meningeal artery (trauma; lentiform shaped)

24

Hematoma—subdural

Rupture of bridging veins (crescent shaped)

25

Hemochromatosis

Multiple blood transfusions or hereditary HFE mutation (can result in CHF, “bronze diabetes,” and increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma)

26

Hepatocellular carcinoma

Cirrhotic liver (associated with hepatitis B and C and with alcoholism)

27

Hereditary bleeding disorder

von Willebrand disease

28

Hereditary harmless jaundice

Gilbert syndrome (benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia)

29

HLA-B27

Ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, ulcerative colitis, psoriatic arthritis

30

HLA-DR3 or -DR4

Diabetes mellitus type 1, rheumatoid arthritis, SLE

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