Renal Physiology Flashcards Preview

Human Anatomy > Renal Physiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Renal Physiology Deck (25):
0

Two main structures of the kidney

Glomerulus and renal tubule

1

Rate at which blood is filtered through the glomerulus

120 ml/min

2

Metabolism rate of toxic by products

1ml formed/min

3

What disease forms the by product phenylpyruvic acid in the urine?

PKR

4

PHenoketouria

Can result in mental retardation

5

What disease forms the by product glucose in the urine?

Diabetes mellitus

6

Diabetes mellitus

Deficient production of insulin by the pancreas

7

Glucose in the urine is known as:

Glycosuria

8

Instrument that measures specific gravity

Urinometer

9

If your urine is above or below 15C you correct the specific gravity by

Adding .001 for each 3C above
Subtracting 0.001 for each 3C below

10

Normal range of urine specific gravity

1.0015-1.035

11

Disease indicated by high spec gravity

Acute nephritis

12

Disease indicated by low specific gravity

Chronic nephritis

13

Labstix Test

Combined test of urinary pH, protein, glucose, ketones and occult blood

14

Low pH + high glucose and ketones=

Diabetes mellitus

15

Alkaline urine is a result of what disease

Cystitis

16

Cystitis

Urine decomposes the bladder with the production of ammonia

17

Normal urinary pH

6 slightly acidic

18

More accurate glucose analysis

Clinitest tablets

19

More accurate pH analysis

pHydrion paper

20

Rate at which the kidney regulates osmolarity of the body fluids

300 milliosmoles/L

21

How to measure chloride concentration

Place 10 drops of urine into test tube (20 drops per ml)
Add one drop of potassium chromate 20%
Add 2.9% silver nitrate drop by drop (each drop represents 1g/L NaCl in the urine

22

What are the 3 graphs plotted from the experiment?

Ml urine vs time
S.G. vs time
Chloride concentration (mg/ml) vs time

23

Combined test of urinary pH, protein, glucose, ketones and occult blood

Labstix test

24

Three experimental groups

800 ml water

800ml water + 7g NaCl

80 ml water + 7g NaCl