Renal syndromes Flashcards Preview

Renal > Renal syndromes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Renal syndromes Deck (20):
1

what is the normal range of proteinuria? microalbuminuria? nephrotic range?

3000

2

Acute interstitial nephritis: cause, triad

ARF as allergic rxn to new meds. Triad: rash, fever, eosinophilia

3

normal urine pH?

5-7

4

What kind of cast is found in normal urine? When do we see pigmented casts? White cell casts?

hyalin; ATN, rhabdomyolysis; Allergic Interstitial nephritis, pyelonephritis

5

Three classes of glomerulonephritis

Immune complex, Anti-GBM, Pauci-immune

6

Four Immun complex GN

IgA, Post-infectious GN, SLE, Membranoproliferative GN

7

IgA typical case

young asian male. rust colored urine, recent URI. has presented like this before. Blood in urine

8

PIGN

usually children, 2 wks after strep infection. +ASO. hematuria, proteinuria. Crescentic, humps in sub epithelium

9

Lupus GN

young females. rashes, arthritis, photosensitivity, ANAs. IF staining is + for all components

10

MPGN

Infections of herpes, HIV, leukemias.

11

Anti-GBM

young man exposed to hydrocarbons (gas station, smoking). Lung involvement (hemoptysis, hypoxic, SOB)

12

Pauci-immune diseases: name three, complement levels?

normal complement; Wegener's, Microscopic Polyangitis, Churg-Straus

13

Wegener's

About 60 yo. Upper and lower respiratory infection. C-ANCA. Triad.

14

MPA

about 60 yo. equal c and p anca. most common pulm-renal vasculitis. Lower lung only

15

Churg-Strauss

allergic granulomatosis. Asthma/eosinophilia. wheezing.

16

RPGN

crescentic GN w/ monocytes in bowman space. SLE and pauci-immune most likely

17

Fatty casts seen when?

nephrotic syndrome

18

MCD

explosive edema in children. foot process effacement.

19

FSGS

young african male. HIV, Heroin, obesity, OSA

20

Membranous nephropathy

associated w/ cancer, NSAIDS, gold, penicillamine. Thickened GBM, subepithelial deposits