REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (1) Deck (25):
1

46 and 23 pairs

how many chromosomes and how many pairs

2

zygote

during fertilization, a sperm and an egg combine to form what

3

mitosis

-a type of duplication division in which a cell makes an exact copy of itself
-a process used for growth and repair of tissues
-used by body cells

4

meiosis

-a type of reduction division in which a cell halves the number of chromosomes
-a process used to form eggs and sperm
-used by gametes (sex cells)

5

scrotum

male part that responds to changing temps

6

testes

male part that house the seminiferous tubules and interstitial cells produce male sex hormones

7

seminiferous tubules

male part that produces sperm

8

epididymis

male part that stores sperm while they mature

9

vas deferens

male part that transport sperm to the urethra

10

seminal vesicles

male part that produce sugary alkaline fluid which buffers the sperm against acids in the female reproduction tract

11

prostate glad

male part that contributes a milky alkaline fluid to semen

12

bulbourethral glands

male part that secretes a slippery alkaline fluid which lubricates the urethral canal

13

has 23

how many chromosomes does sperm have

14

closed

is the male system open or closed

15

open oviduct to ovaries

is the female system open or closed

16

ovaries

a female part that produces ova and female sex hormones

17

oviducts

a female part where fertilization usually occurs

18

uterus

a female part where the fetus develops, lined with the endometrium

19

cervix

a female part that dilates to let the fetus pass thru

20

vagina

female part that the birth canal and copulatory organ of the female--acidic

21

in vitro fertilization (IVF)

conception occurs in laboratory glassware

22

gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)

eggs and sperm are placed in the oviducts immediately after they have been brought together

23

viral diseases

cannot be treated with antibiotics, but there are some antivirals
-HIV
-genital warts
-genital herpes
-hepatitis

24

bacterial diseases

can be treated with antibiotics
-chlamydia
-gonorrhea
-syphilis

25

pap smear

swab cervix (lays between vagina and uterus)