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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (40):
1

Most common cause of Rhinitis is

Adenovirus

2

Aspirin-intolerant asthma is characterized by

  1. Asthma
  2. Apsirin-induced bronchospasms
  3. Nasal polyps

3

Angiofibroma is

Benign tumor of nasal mucosa composed of large blood vessels and fibrous tissue

4

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma associated with

EBC in african children and chinese adults

5

Biopsy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma revels

Pleomorphic keratin-positive epithelial cells

6

Acute epiglottitis is due to

H. influenzae type B

7

Laryngeal papilloma due to

HPV 6 and 11

8

Lobar pneumonia characterized by

consolidation of entire lobe of the lung

9

What bacterias cuase Lobar pneumonia

S. pneumoniae

Klebsiella

10

Bronchopneumonia characterized by

Scattered patchy consolidation centered around bronchioles

11

Interstitial pneumonia AKA

Atypical pneumonia

12

Interstitial pneumonia characterized by

diffuse interstitial infiltrates

13

What organisms cause Aspiration pneumonia

Anaerobic bacteria in the oropharynx:

  1. Bacteroides
  2. Fusobacterium
  3. Peptococcus

14

What affects malnourished and debilitated individuals, alcoholics, diabetics 

Kebsiella

15

What organisms cause bronchopneumonia

  1. S. aureus
  2. H. influenzae (COPD)
  3. Pseudomonas (CF)
  4. Moraxella
  5. Legionella (Water source Silver Stain)

16

Organisms causing Interstitial pneumonia

  1. Mycoplasma
  2. Chlamydia
  3. RSV
  4. CMV
  5. Influenza
  6. Coxiella

17

Complications of Mycoplasma pneumoniae

IgM autoimmune hemolytic anemia

Erythema multiforme

18

Primary TB results in

Focal, caseating necrosis in lower lobe 

Hilar LN undergoes fibrosis and calcification forming Ghon complex

19

Secondary TB occurs in

Apex

20

Pott disease

When TB reaches lumbar vertebrae

21

Chronic bronchitis characterized by

Hypertrophy of bronchial mucinous glands

22

What is seen in productive cough of asthma pt

Curschmann spirsl

Charcot-Leyden crystals

23

Curschmann spirals are

Spiral shaped mucus plugs in asthma

24

Charcot-leyden crystals are

Eosinphil-derived crystals in asthma

25

Bronchiectasis is

Permanent dilatatation of bronchioles and bronchi

26

Bronchiectasis is due to

  1. CF
  2. Kartagener syndrome
  3. Tumor or foreign body
  4. Necrotizing infection
  5. Aspergillosis

27

What drugs can cause Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Bleomycin

Amiodarone

28

Honeycomb lungs seen in

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

29

Asteroid bodies are

Stellate inclusions seein in sarcoidosis

30

Primary Pulmonary HT due to

Inactivating mutation of BMPR2

31

Kulchitsky cells are

Neuroendocrine cells that Small cell carcinoma arises from

32

Paraneoplastic aspects of Small Cell Carcinoma

  1. ADH
  2. ACTH
  3. Seratonin
  4. Gonadotropin
  5. Ca channel Ab
  6. Eaton-Lambert syndrome

33

Keratin pearls are seen in

Squamous cell carcinoma

34

What arises from Clara cells

Bronchiolalveolar carcinoma

35

What cancer may present as pneumonia-like consolidation

Bronchioloalveolar Ca

36

Carcinoid tumor generall forms

Polp-like mass in bronchus

37

Chromogranin positive tumor

Carcinoid

38

Neuroendocrine tumors

Small cell carcinoma

Carcinoid

39

Centrally located tumors

Small cell

Squamous cell

Large cell

Carcinoid

40

Peripheral located tumors

Adenocarcinoma

Large cell

Bronchioloalveolar