what is used to detect HIV?
Complete Western Blot
p24 antigen ELISA
what technique can be used to detect viral nucleic acid?
PCR or RT-PCR
what can be used to detect the specific number of viral nucleic acid molecules?
to screen for HIV you use what lab technique?
to diagnose HIV what lab technique is used?
what lab technique is used to detect HIV virus in the blood?
what lab technique is used to detect early marker of infection?
ELISA p24 antigen
what lab technique is used to detect the progression of HIV disease?
what are the HIV Nucleoside Reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI)?
what are HIV protease inhibitor?
Give examples of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART). (4)
What recommended prophylactic regimens during HIV infection?
TMP-SMX (pneumocystis jirovecii)
what kind of virus is HTLV?
human T lymphotropic virus is an oncogenic virus
HTLV-1 is what kind of progressing oncovirus?
slow oncogenic virus
HTLV-1 will infect what cell? what will it cause them to do?
CD4 T cells
promotes their proliferation
What kind of cancer will HTLV-1 cause?
what is this cancer?
Adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL)
this is a neoplasia of mature CD4 T cells
what are the signs of Adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) caused by HTLV-1?
circulating malignant cells in Adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) caused by HTLV-1, will resemble?
if Adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is diagnosed, what is the prognosis?
usually fatal within 1 year of diagnosis