RNA Viruses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in RNA Viruses Deck (15):
1

reoviruses

naked. Double Strand linear. 10-12 segments. icosahedral (double). Coltivirus* (colorado tick fever). Rotavirus (number 1 cause of fata diarrhea in children)

2

Picornavirus

naked. SS positive sense linear. Icosahedral. Poliovirus. Echovirus/enterovirus: aseptic meningitis. Rhinovirus: common cold. Coxsackievirus: aseptic meningitis: herpangia (mouth blisters, fever); hand, foot, and mouth disease; myocarditis; pericarditis. HAV - acute viral hepatitis. PERCH

3

Hepevirus

Naked. SS positive sense linear. Icosahedral. HEV

4

Calicivirus

Naked. SS positive sense linear. Norovirus (viral gastroenteritis)

5

Flaviviruses

Enveloped. SS positive sense linear. Icosahedral. HCV, yellow fever*, Dengue*, St. louis encephalitis*, West Nile virus*

6

Togavirus

Enveloped. SS positive linear. Icosahedral. Rubella, Eastern equine encephalitis*, Western equine encephalitis*.

7

Retrovirus

Enveloped. SS positive linear. HTLV (Icosahedral). HIV (complex and conical). Both have reverse transriptase. HTLV: T cell leukemia. HIV: AIDS

8

Coronavirus

Envelope. SS positive linear. Helical. Coronavirus (common cold) and SARS

9

Orthomyxovirus

Enveloped. SS negative linear, 8 segments. Helical. Influenza Virus (you get the influenza after the ortho)

10

PaRaMyxovirus

Enveloped. SS negative linear. Helical. Parainflunza: croup (who parked my croup?). RSV bronchiolitis in babies, (Rx: Ribavirin). Measles. Mumps.

11

Rhabdovirus

Enveloped. SS negative linear. Helical. Rabies

12

Filovirus

Enveloped. SS negative linear. Helical. Ebola/Marburg hemorrhagic fever (often fatal)

13

Arenavirus

Enveloped. SS negative circular, 2 segments. Helical.. LCMV: lymphocytic chriomeningits virus. Lassa fever encephalitis (spread by mice.

14

Bunya (BOOYA! virus)

Envelope. SS negative circular 3 segments (I have 3 friends from california). California encephalitis*, SANDfly/RIFT Valley fevers*, Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever*. Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever: pneumonia (deer mouse)

15

Delta Virus

Envelope. SS negative circular. Uncertain capsid symmetry. HDV is a defective virus that requires HBV co-infection.