Role of pathology in medicine Flashcards Preview

EMS - Mechanisms Of Disease > Role of pathology in medicine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Role of pathology in medicine Deck (14):
1

What is the meaning of the prefix "Ana-", give an example.

Meaning
Ana = Without

e.g. Analgesia = without pain

2

What is the meaning of the prefix "Dys", give an example

Meaning
Dys = Disordered / bad

e.g. Dysphagia = difficulty / disorder of swallowing

3

What is the meaning of the prefix "Hyper", give an example/

Meaning
Hyper = excessive, more than normal

e.g. Hyperplasia = excessive / more than normal growth

4

What is the meaning of the prefix "Hypo", give an example

Meaning :
Hypo = less than normal

e.g. Hypothyroid = underactive thyroid

5

What is the meaning of the prefix "Meta", give an example

Meaning
Meta = change

e.g. Metaplasia = change in cell type

6

What is the meaning of the suffix "Itis", give an example

Meaning
-itis = Inflammation

e.g. Endocarditis = inflammation of the endocardium

7

What is the meaning of the suffix "oma", give an example

-oma = tumour or neoplasm

e.g. sarcoma = tumour of connective tissue

8

What is the meaning of the suffix "osis", give an example

-osis = state or condition

e.g. cyanosis = state of decreased oxygen

9

what is the meaning of the suffix -oid , give an example?

-oid = resembling or like

e.g. nucleiod = resembling a nucleus

10

What is the meaning of the the suffix -penia?

-penia = deficiency

e.g. thrombocytopenia = deficiency of platelets

11

What is the meaning of the suffix "-cytosis", give an example

-cytosis = process of movement

e.g. endocytosis = movement into cell

12

What is the meaning of the suffix ectasis, give an example

-ectasis = dilation

13

-plasia ??

-plasia = formation , growth

14

-opathy

-opathy = disease or disorder