Smoking - Part 1 (T2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Smoking - Part 1 (T2) Deck (12):
0

How much carbon dioxide is in the air that we breathe out?

Around 4%

1

How much carbon dioxide does the air we breathe in contain?

Around 0.04%

2

How much oxygen does the air that we breath in contain?

Around 21%

3

How much oxygen is in the air we breath out?

Around 16%

4

What percentage of lung cancer deaths are attributed to smoking?

90%

5

What is COPD and what percentage of deaths from it are attributed to smoking?

- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- 80%

6

What percentage of deaths from heart disease are caused by smoking?

17%

7

Along with nicotine, how many chemicals are found in tobacco smoke and how many of them are poisons that can cause cancer?

Somewhere between 5000-7000 chemicals are found in tobacco smoke, with at least 60 of them being poisons that can cause cancer.

8

What are 4 of the most dangerous chemicals found in tobacco smoke?

- tar
- carbon monoxide
- oxidant gases
- benzene

9

Describe the dangers of tar in tobacco smoke...

- lungs are lined with tiny hair like structures to catch and sweep germs away
- if your lungs are coated in tar it is harder for them to move effectively
- take contains carcinogens which encourage the development of cancer cells

10

How can smoking affect bone strength?

- can cause brittle bones, leading to osteoporosis
- toxins in smoke can prevent construction cells in bones from doing their work
- toxins can upset the balance of hormones, such as oestrogen

11

How can smoking cause impotence?

- smoking affects blood vessels, including those that must dilate to achieve an erection

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