Specific Antidotes Flashcards Preview

Drugs > Specific Antidotes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Specific Antidotes Deck (21):
1

Acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine

2

AChE inhibitors, organophosphates

Atropine, followed by pralidoxime

3

Amphetamines (basic)

NH4Cl (acidify urine)

4

Antimuscarinic, anticholinergic agents

Physostigmine salicylate, control hyperthermia

5

Benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

6

Beta-blockers

glucagon

7

Carbon monoxide

100% O2, hyperbaric O2

8

Copper, arsenic, gold

Penicillamine

9

Cyanide

Nitrite & thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin

10

Digitalis

Anti-dig Fab fragments

11

Heparin

protamine sulfate

12

Iron

Deferoxamine, deferasirox

13

mercury, arsenic, gold

dimercaprol (BAL), succimer (kids)

14

methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)

Fomepizole > ethanol, dialysis

15

Methemoglobin

Methylene blue, vitamin C

16

Opioids

Naloxone

17

Salicylates

NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine), dialysis

18

TCAs

NaHCO3 (plasma alkalinization)

19

tPA, streptokinase, urokinase

aminocaproic acid

20

warfarin

vitamin K, plasma (if active bleeding)

21

lead

EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine