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Flashcards in teratogens Deck (20):
1

renal damage

ace inhibitors

2

absence of digits/multiple anomalies

alkylating agents

3

CN VIII toxicity

aminoglycosides

4

facial dsymorphism, developmental delay, neural tube defects, phalanx/fingernail hypoplasia

carbamazepine

5

vaginal clear cell adenocarcinoma, congenital mullerian anomalies

DES

6

neural tube defects

folate antagonists

7

multiple severe birth defects

isotretinoin

8

atrialized right ventricle

lithium

9

aplasia cutis congenita

methimazole

10

fetal hydantoin syndrome - cleft palate, cardiac defects, phalanx/fingernail hypoplasia

phenytoin

11

discolored teeth

tetracyclines

12

limb defects - phocomelia, micromelia, flipper limbs

thalidomide

13

inhibition of maternal folate absorption leading to neural tube defects

valproate

14

bone deformities, fetal hemorrhage, abortion, opthalmologic abnormalities

warfarin

15

placental abruption

cocaine

16

IUGR, ADHD, preterm labor, placental problems, low birth weight

smoking, nicotine

17

nicotine causes what

vasoconstriction

18

extremely high risk for spontaneous abortions and birth defects such as cleft palate and cardiac defects

vit a excess

19

microcephaly, intellectual disability

xrays

20

when are u most susceptible to teratogens

week 3-8