Flashcards in The Progressive Movement: All Notes From 10/20/14 Deck (104)
In 1874, a group of women formed the ________ _______ _______ _______ aimed at reducing alcohol consumption.
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
Laws banning the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages is called what?
Who was born into a wealthy New York family in 1885?
As a teenager, Roosevelt, mastered what 2 things?
Marksmanship and horseback riding
When Roosevelt spared a bear cub on a hunting expedition, a toymaker marketed a popular new product, the ______ ______. Which made his nickname ______.
Teddy bear, Teddy
Roosevelt attended what college?
Roosevelt became president at the age of __? ( The youngest ever in office until JFK. )
Roosevelt believed in ______ _______, which held that nations were in competition and only the strongest would survive.
Who believed that government should balance the needs of competing groups in American society on behalf of public interest?
Roosevelt's reform programs became known as the what?
Roosevelt's first target was J.P. Morgan's railroad holding company, _____ ______.
Northern Securities had a _______ over railroad traffic in the Northwest.
In 1902, Roosevelt ordered the attorney general to sue Northern Securities under the what?
Sherman Antitrust Act
The suit charged Northern Securities with what?
Restraint of trade
In 1904, in _______ ______ vs. ______ ______ the Supreme Court ruled that Morgan's firm had violated the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Northern Securities vs. United States
The public would hail Roosevelt as a " ____ ____."
Settling a dispute by agreeing to accept the decision of an impartial outsider is called what?
Roosevelt believed the most effective way to prevent big business from abusing its power was by keeping the _____ ______.
In 1903, Roosevelt convinced Congress to create the what?
Department of Commerce and Labor
The what would privately tell Congress its problems and fix them once it opened its files for examination? ( This is known as the what? )
Department of Commerce and Labor, Gentlemen's Agreement
What act was intended to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission by giving it the power to set railroad rates ?
By 1905, what had become a national issue?
In 1906, who published the novel, The Jungle, based on his observations of slaughterhouses in Chicago?
The government responds by passing what 2 acts in 1906? ( Hint: Checking food properly. )
Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act
The what works to prevent adulterated or misbranded meat and meat products from being sold as food and to ensure that meat and meat products are slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions?
Meat Inspection Act
The what's main purpose was to ban foreign and interstate traffic in adulterated or mislabeled food and drug products, and it directed the US Bureau of Chemistry to inspect products and refer offenders to prosecutors?
Pure Food and Drug Act
Of all his Progressive actions, Roosevelt was best remembered for his efforts in the area of what?
In 1902, Roosevelt supported the passage of what act?
The Newlands Reclamation Act
What act authorized the use of federal funds from public land sales to pay for irrigation and land development projects in the west?
The Newlands Reclamation Act