The Progressive Movement: All Notes From 10/20/14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Progressive Movement: All Notes From 10/20/14 Deck (104)
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31

In 1874, a group of women formed the ________ _______ _______ _______ aimed at reducing alcohol consumption.

Woman's Christian Temperance Union

32

Laws banning the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages is called what?

Prohibition

33

Who was born into a wealthy New York family in 1885?

Theodore Roosevelt

34

As a teenager, Roosevelt, mastered what 2 things?

Marksmanship and horseback riding

35

When Roosevelt spared a bear cub on a hunting expedition, a toymaker marketed a popular new product, the ______ ______. Which made his nickname ______.

Teddy bear, Teddy

36

Roosevelt attended what college?

Harvard

37

Roosevelt became president at the age of __? ( The youngest ever in office until JFK. )

42

38

Roosevelt believed in ______ _______, which held that nations were in competition and only the strongest would survive.

Social Darwinism

39

Who believed that government should balance the needs of competing groups in American society on behalf of public interest?

Roosevelt

40

Roosevelt's reform programs became known as the what?

Square Deal

41

Roosevelt's first target was J.P. Morgan's railroad holding company, _____ ______.

Northern Securities

42

Northern Securities had a _______ over railroad traffic in the Northwest.

Monopoly

43

In 1902, Roosevelt ordered the attorney general to sue Northern Securities under the what?

Sherman Antitrust Act

44

The suit charged Northern Securities with what?

Restraint of trade

45

In 1904, in _______ ______ vs. ______ ______ the Supreme Court ruled that Morgan's firm had violated the Sherman Antitrust Act.

Northern Securities vs. United States

46

The public would hail Roosevelt as a " ____ ____."

Trust buster

47

Settling a dispute by agreeing to accept the decision of an impartial outsider is called what?

Arbitration

48

Roosevelt believed the most effective way to prevent big business from abusing its power was by keeping the _____ ______.

Public informed

49

In 1903, Roosevelt convinced Congress to create the what?

Department of Commerce and Labor

50

The what would privately tell Congress its problems and fix them once it opened its files for examination? ( This is known as the what? )

Department of Commerce and Labor, Gentlemen's Agreement

51

What act was intended to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission by giving it the power to set railroad rates ?

Hepburn Act

52

By 1905, what had become a national issue?

Consumer protection

53

In 1906, who published the novel, The Jungle, based on his observations of slaughterhouses in Chicago?

Upton Sinclair

54

The government responds by passing what 2 acts in 1906? ( Hint: Checking food properly. )

Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act

55

The what works to prevent adulterated or misbranded meat and meat products from being sold as food and to ensure that meat and meat products are slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions?

Meat Inspection Act

56

The what's main purpose was to ban foreign and interstate traffic in adulterated or mislabeled food and drug products, and it directed the US Bureau of Chemistry to inspect products and refer offenders to prosecutors?

Pure Food and Drug Act

57

Of all his Progressive actions, Roosevelt was best remembered for his efforts in the area of what?

Environmental conservation

58

In 1902, Roosevelt supported the passage of what act?

The Newlands Reclamation Act

59

What act authorized the use of federal funds from public land sales to pay for irrigation and land development projects in the west?

The Newlands Reclamation Act

60

Roosevelt would appoint his close friend, ______ ______, to head of the US Forest Services in 1905.

Gifford Pinchot