The Progressive Movement: All Notes From 10/20/14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Progressive Movement: All Notes From 10/20/14 Deck (104)
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61

Roosevelt and Pinchot both believed that trained experts in what should manage the nation's forests?

Forestry and resource management

62

Roosevelt added more than ________ acres to the protected national forests and established __ new national parks and __ federal wildlife reservations.

100 million, 5, 51

63

What act made antitrust cases jump to the front of the court's docket?

The Expedition Act

64

The US helped develop a national parks system that preceded the establishment of the what in 1906?

National Park Service

65

Roosevelt believed _____, his secretary of war, was the ideal person to continue his policies.

Taft

66

Taft easily secured the __________ nomination and won the election in 1908 and defeated who for the third time?

Republican, William Jennings Bryan

67

Roosevelt had warned Taft to stay away from ____ _____ because it would divide the Republican Party.

Tariff reform

68

Taft signed into law the what which hardly cut tariffs at all and actually raised them on some goods?

Payne- Aldrich Tariff

69

In 1909, Taft further angered Progressives by replacing Roosevelt's secretary of the interior, _____ _____, with ____ _______.

James Garfield, Richard A. Ballinger

70

Who was an aggressive conservationist?

Garfield

71

Who was a conservative corporate lawyer?

Ballinger

72

Taft would fire ______ for insubordination.

Pinchot

73

What is disobedience to authority?

Insubordination

74

By the second half of Taft's term of office, many Americans had come to believe that he had betrayed the what?

Square Deal

75

Taft had actually brought twice as many _____ ____ in __ years as his predecessor had in __.

Antitrust cases, 4, 7

76

In 1912, Taft established the what? It investigated and publicized the problems of child labor.

Children's Bureau

77

In 1910, Taft set up the what to monitor the activities of mining companies, expand national forests, and protect, waterpower sites from private development?

Bureau of Mines

78

Who left the country for a long voyage to Africa and Europe and would not return until 1910?

Roosevelt

79

In late February 1912, who announced he would enter the presidential campaign of 1912 and attempt to replace Taft as the Republican nominee for president?

Roosevelt

80

Conservatives would rally behind Taft at the _______ ______ ________ held in Chicago in 1912.

Republican National Convention

81

Declaring himself " ____________", Roosevelt became the candidate for the Progressive Party, which is known as the ____________.

Fit as a bull moose, Bull Moose Party

82

______ started out as a university teacher before becoming the president of Princeton University.

Wilson

83

Wilson would become the governor of _______, where he pushed through many progressive reforms.

New Jersey

84

What accepted large trusts as a fact of life and set out to create proposals to increase regulation and had laws to protect women and children in the labor force and workers compensation?

Roosevelt's New Nationalism

85

___________ criticized New Nationalism for supporting "regulated monopoly."

Wilson's New Freedom

86

______ argued Roosevelt's approach gave the federal government too much power in the economy and did nothing to restore competition.

Wilson

87

_______ outweighed ________.

Freedom, efficiency

88

In 1913, Congress passed the ___________.

Underwood Tariff

89

The ____________ reduced the average tariff on imported goods to about 30 % of the value of the goods and provided for levying the first federal graduate income tax.

Underwood Tariff

90

__________ refers to the percentage of a person's income tax that is passed.

Graduated