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Flashcards in Thermotherapy Deck (119)
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1

True or False:
Humans are hemotherms

True

2

What does being a hemotherm mean

We are able to maintain our core temperature at a constant temp

3

What is the normal core temperature

98.6

4

What is diunral changes

Lower core temp in the am vs pm

5

True of False:
Older people tend to have lower core temperatures

True

6

What is the outside of the body referred to as

The shell

7

What is heat

Energy in transit from a higher temperature object to a lower temperature object

8

What type of energy is kinetic energy

Thermal energy

9

True or False:
Thermal potential energy remains constant so long as the phase of matter does not change

True

10

True or False:
Once water hits 32 the temperature remains the same until all of the water is frozen or melted

True

11

What is latent heat of fusion

The amount of heat required to convert a certain unit of a solid into a similar unit of a liquid without changing temperature

12

True or False:
A gel pack is able to withdraw more heat from the body compared to an ice pack

False

13

Why does an ice pack remove more heat than a gel pack even if the gel pack is colder

Due to the phase change of the ice pack

14

What temperature is considered extremely cold

32-55 F
1-13 C

15

What temperature is considered cold

55-65 F
13-18 C

16

What temperature is considered cool

65-80 F
18-27 C

17

What temperature is considered tepid

80-92 F
27-33.5 C

18

What temperature is considered neutral

92-96 F
33.5-35.5 C

19

What temperature is considered warm

96-98 F
35.5-36.5 C

20

What temperature is considered hot

98-104 F
36.5-40.0 C

21

What temperature is considered extremely hot

104-113 F
40-46 C

22

What is maximum tolerance

113-115 F
45-46 C

23

What is the first law of thermodynamics

Energy can neither be created nor destroyed it can only change from one state to another

24

What is specific heat

The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of a given material by 1 C

25

Specific heat can be seen as an objects ability to what

Store heat

26

What does a higher specific heat mean

It can store a higher amount of heat

27

How long does it take for a hot pack to heat up again

30 minutes

28

What is conduction

The exchange of energy between 2 materials at different temperatures due to the direct collision between molecules

29

When does heat transfer stop

When the molecular movements of both objects is the same speed

30

What does the rate of heat transfer (ROHT) by conduction depend on (4)

1. Temperature difference between materials
2. Their thermal conductivity (ability to transmit heat
3. The area in contact
4. Tissue thickness