Unit 1b: American Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1b: American Revolution Deck (30):
1

Proclamation of 1763

Law passed by the English king after the English won the French & Indian War banning colonists from moving west over the Appalachian mountains.

2

Sugar Act

1764 tax placed on foreign sugar, molasses, and other British goods. It was not an original tax but it was much more strictly enforced.

3

Stamp Act

1765 tax placed on printed materials- advertisements, diplomas, licenses, playing cards, legal documents

4

Townshend Acts

1767 tax on tea, lead, dye, indigo, glass

5

Writs of Assistance

Law passed allowing searches or seizure without any reasonable cause. Very much upset colonists who were involved in smuggling.

6

Boston Massacre

Incident where 5 colonists protesters were killed by British Redcoats in March 1770.

7

Guerilla Warfare

Hit and run tactic used by native Americans. Very contrary to the "civilized" European style of warfare.

8

Boston Harbor

Closed by the Intolerable Acts in an effort to punish the colonists of Boston due to the dumping of 342 barrels of tea, known as the Boston Tea Party.

9

John Adams

Bostonian lawyer who defends Captain Preston and the British Redcoats charged with purposefully attacking the colonial protesters.

10

George Washington

Virginian, elected President of the Second Continental Congress and General of the Continental Army.

11

First Continental Congress

First official meeting where representatives from all of the colonies- except Georgia- met to discuss their colonial grievances.

12

Samuel Adams

Ardent patriot, leader of the Sons of Liberty, a secretive rebellious group of patriots. Cousin to John Adams.

13

King George III

King of England passing the laws and taxes upsetting the colonists leading up to the American Revolution

14

French general who arrives to help the Patriots prepare for war. Becomes a close advisor to General George Washington.

Marquis de Lafayette

15

Last attempt at peace prior to going to war with England, it was a letter sent to King George.

Olive Branch Petition

16

5,000

Number of African Americans who fought in the American Revolution. Originally King George III offered freedom to African American slaves. Later this offer was copied by George Washington to increase membership in the Continental Army.

17

Canons

The most important and effective weapon used throughout the American Revolution.

18

England's governing body that did not include a representative from the colonies. The colonists protested directly against this governing body.

Parliament

19

Second Continental Congress

Second organized meeting of colonial representatives held in Philadelphia after the fight at Lexington & Concord. Representatives from Georgia were present at this meet.

20

A document which pointed out all of the grievances against the King of England, King George III. All 56 men who signed understood they were committing treason.

The Declaration of Independence

21

Shot Heard Around the World

First engagement of fighting between the colonists and the British Redcoats in Lexington, MA as the Redcoats marched to Concord to collect weapons and supplies.

22

Deborah Sampson Gannett

Massachusetts colonial Patriot who disguised herself as a man in order to fight for the patriot cause calling herself Private Robert Shurtliff. Her gender was discovered when she tried to hide an injury of a bullet in her thigh.

23

An army made up of common people; not official soldiers

A militia

24

Elite German soldiers hired by the King George III to help defeat the Patriots.

Hessians

25

Top British General who surrenders at Yorktown, thus ending the American Revolution.

General Conrwallis

26

Cartoon of snake drawn by Benjamin Franklin prior to the French and Indian War.

Join or Die depicts a snake representing 12 of the 13 colonies originally used to help unify the colonies against the French & the Indians, however, later re-used to help the Patriot cause.

27

"Going against the King would be like going against God!"

Comment most likely said by a Loyalist

28

Battle of Saratoga

Battle which symbolizes the turning point for the Patriots. Due to not knowing the land, British General "Johnny" splits up his troops causing them to get lost and delayed. Patriots easily defeat General Johnny when he shows up in Saratoga, NY with only 1/3 of his troops.

29

Battle in which General George Washington led a surprise attack on the German Hessians stationed in New Jersey.

Battle of Trenton

30

Which battle finally proved to the French that the Patriots could beat the British thus offering the Patriots their much needed navy?

The Battle of Saratoga, the turning point for the Patriots.