Unit 3a Civil War Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3a Civil War Deck (60):
1

What was the name of the Union's plan to defeat the South?

The Anaconda Plan

2

What color did the North wear? What color did the South wear?

North = blue, South = grey

3

What was the name of the general that was very slow to act and made President Lincoln very angry?

McClellan (could have ended the war in only 2 years had he finished Lee off)

4

What is the name of the Virginian general Lincoln asked to command the Union forces?

Robert E. Lee

5

In what city did the Civil War end?

Appomattox, VA

6

Who was Lincoln's general who was responsible for burning down Atlanta (and most of Georgia)?

William Tecumseh Sherman

7

Where in the U.S. were most of the factories located during the Civil War era?

The North

8

What were the other names for the North and South?

North = The Union, South= The Confederacy

9

Which was the first southern state to secede from the United States of America?

South Carolina

10

What river was very valuable to get supplies into the South?

The Mississippi River

11

What type of war strategy is it when you destroy all of the resources and the entire effort of the country is into fighting a war?

A total war

12

Which victory was badly needed for the North and allowed President Lincoln to pass the Emancipation Proclamation?

The Battle of Antietam

13

Which was the bloodiest battle of the entire war?

The Battle of Gettysburg

14

Who was the President of the Confederacy?

Jefferson Davis

15

Where did the Civil War start?

The attack of Fort Sumter Charleston, S.C.

16

What name does the South refer to the Civil War, even in some textbooks today?

The War of Northern Aggression

17

What former bill that had been passed did Justice Roger B. Taney call unconstitutional in the Dred Scott ruling?

The Missouri Compromise of 1820

18

Where was the slave trade banned as part of the Compromise of 1850?

Washington, D.C.

19

Who was the "fixer upper" during the 1820s-1850s who kept coming up with compromises to help the U.S. stay together?

Henry Clay

20

Who was known as the "conductor" of the Underground Railroad?

Harriett Tubman

21

Who was known as the "little lady that started this war?"

Harriet Beecher Stowe

22

What is popular sovereignty?

Allowing a state or territory decide for themselves whether to be free or slave

23

Who did Abraham Lincoln lose the Illinois Senate seat to in 1858?

Stephen Douglas ("The Little Giant")

24

Which political party was known as the "abolitionist party?"

The Republican Party

25

Who attempted to lead a raid on a federal arsenal in order to take weapons and give them to slaves?

John Brown

26

List the three parts of the Anaconda Plan.

1. Capture the South's capital of Richmond, VA
2. Gain control of the Mississippi River
3. Put in a naval blockade so the South cannot get outside help

27

"Four score and seven years ago"- famous speech

Gettysburg Address

28

What was the Gettysburg Address used to dedicate?

A cemetery (where only Union soldiers were allowed to be buried)

29

Minie Ball

French bullet that was very deadly due to its shape, accuracy and ability to open inside of the body

30

Which Confederate General was shot by his own men when he disguised himself as a Union soldier?

General "Stonewall" Jackson

31

John Brown

abolitionist from the North who attempted to help slaves in Virginia; gets arrested and executed; becomes a hero for the North, a traitor for the South

32

Roger B. Taney

Supreme Court Justice who writes the opinion of the Supreme Court ruling against Dred Scott

33

Fort Sumter

US federal fort in Charleston, S.C.- skirmish there begins the Civil War

34

Battle of Bull Run (Manasas Junction Maryland)

First actual battle of war; both sides realize they are willing to fight to the death; war is going to be long and bloody; Southern confederates used a "rebel yell"

35

Battle of Shiloh

Union victory in Tennessee that gains control of Mississippi River

36

Battle of Gettysburg

Union victory, turning point for the North; Lee is defeated, deadliest battle of the Civil War

37

Battle of Antietam

Union victory, allows Lincoln to establish Emancipation Proclamation, bloodiest single day of the Civil War, fought in Maryland

38

Appomattox

City in Viriginia, courthouse where Lee surrenders to Grant, Ends the Civil War

39

Sherman's March to the Sea

1864 campaign by union General Sherman where he burns down Atlanta on his way to the coast line; uses "total war" techniques, destroys railroad lines, telegraph lines and farms

40

What is the name of the Union general who replaces McClellan?

General Ulysses S. Grant; future US President; had many victories in western campaign, uses "war of attrition"; very aggressive general

41

War of Attrition

military strategy where you bombard your enemy until you or they run out of supplies

42

54th Massachusetts Infantry

All black regiment troop established in Massachusetts; proved to be very dedicated and honorable soldiers;many perished on the attack on Fort Wagner in North Carolina

43

John Wilkes Booth

actor from the South who sympathizes with Confederacy; responsible for assassinating Abraham Lincoln; kills Lincoln while Lincoln and his wife are at the theater watching a play

44

Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America

45

conscription

a military draft were men are obligated to join the military to fill in vacancies when there aren't enough volunteers

46

Border states

states that were on the fence about whether to join the Union or the Confederacy- Delaware, Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland

47

Approximately how many lives were lost in the Civil War?

Approximately 600,000

48

What year did the Civil War begin?

1861

49

1865

Year the Civil War ended

50

What was the South's main source of income?

Cotton

51

Which side preferred strong state government and less federal government?

The South

52

How did West Virginia become a state?

It broke away from Virginia because it did not want to support slavery; became it's own state

53

Bleedy Kansas

nickname given to the bloody and deadly altercations between pro-slavery and anti-slavery Americans who moved into the region

54

What were The Monitor and The Virginia?

Ironclad ships; new technology allowed steel ships to be used in the Civil War

55

The United States' victory in the Mexican War resulted in
A) renewed controversy over the issue of extending slavery into the territories.
B) a possible split in the Whig and Democrat parties over slavery.
C) the cession by Mexico of an enormous amount of land to the United States.
D) a rush of settlers to new American territory in California.
E) all of the above.

E

56

The debate over slavery in the Mexican Cession
A) threatened to split national politics along North-South lines.
B) nearly resulted in the return of the territory to Mexico.
C) resulted in the formation of the Republican party.
D) resulted in strong hostility to further expansionism.
E) all of the above.

A

57

According to the principle of "popular sovereignty," the question of slavery in the
territories would be determined by
A) the most popular national leaders.
B) a national referendum.
C) congressional legislation.
D) a Supreme Court decision.
E) the people in any given territory.

E

58

Northern advantages in the Civil War included all of the following EXCEPT:

(A) A superior navy
(B) A political party system that could marshal support for the war
(C) A superior railroad network
(D) General agreement over war
aims
(E) Greater capacity to produce
military equipment

(D) General agreement over war
aims

59

All of the following were part of
the initial Union strategy to win the Civil War EXCEPT:

(A) A naval blockade of southern
ports
(B) Control of the Mississippi
River
(C) The capture of Richmond
(D) Keeping the border states in the
Union
(E) Emancipation of slaves in the
seceded states

(E) Emancipation of slaves in the
seceded states

60

The Confederate government was
able to achieve which of the following goals?

(A) Recognition by a foreign power
(B) Frequent victories over Union armies
(C) A stable monetary system
(D) A strong central government
(E) Control of the southern river system

(B) Frequent victories over Union armies