Unit 5a: American Imperialism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5a: American Imperialism Deck (26):
1

"Seward's Folly" 1867

U.S. Secretary of State, William H. Seward, buys Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million; aka "Seward's Icebox"

2

Alfred Thayer Mahan

U.S. navy flag officer; geo-strategist; "sea power" idea that countries with greater naval power have greater world impact; influenced navy strategies across world

3

Yellow Journalism

journalism that has catchy headlines but lacks legitimate research; exaggeration; sensationalize; Pulitzer and Hearst

4

William Randolph Hearst

newspaper publisher; yellow journalism; democrat in House of Representatives; political influence and public opinion which helped start war with Spain in 1898

5

Spanish-American War 1898

American intervention of Cuban independence from Spain because Spanish misrule in Cuba; American attacks on Pacific Islands (Philippines) mysterious sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana; De Lome Letter criticizing McKinley; De lome was Spanish ambassador to U.S.; Teddy Roosevelt fights in Cuba after resigning as assistant secretary of the Navy; "That splendid little war"

6

"Remember the Maine, to hell with Spain"

mysterious sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Bay; Teddy Roosevelt angered; yellow journalism coined the phrase

7

Teller Amendment

U.S. military involvement status;U.S. cannot annex Cuba; leave control of island to its people

8

Rough Riders

1st U.S. Volutary Cavalry; saw action in Spanish-American war, led by Teddy Roosevelt

9

Queen Liliuokalani

Queen of Hawaii before it was taken over by U.S. sugar planters; taken down; resisted U.S. forces

10

Emilio Aguinaldo

Filipino general, politician, and independence leader; Philippine's 1st president; key role in the independence movement resisting American occupation

11

"White Man's Burden"

reason for America becoming imperialist power; Social Darwinist thinking; U.S. burden to help everyone else

12

Platt Amendment 1903

replaced Teller Amendment; Cuba could not enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would endanger its independence; U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if necessary to maintain an efficient independent government; Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to U.S. for naval and coaling station; Cuba must not build up an excessive public debt

13

Open Door Policy

Secretary John Hay; give all nations equal access to trade in China; guaranteed that China would not be taken over by any one foreign power

14

Boxer Rebellion

1900; Peaceful Harmonious Fists; "55 Days at Peking"; pro-nationalist movement in response to the spheres of influence in China; foreign powers put down the rebellion

15

"Big Stick" Policy

"Speak softly and carry a big stick"; Teddy Roosevelt; negotiating peacefully but having the "big stick" threat behind it

16

Roosevelt Corollary 1905

To Monroe Doctrine; international police power; U.S. had right to intervene to "stabilize" economic affairs of Caribbean and Central America if they could not pay international debts

17

Panama Canal

Panama was part of Colombia; Panamanian nationalists with U.S. backing take over Panama in "bloodless revolution"; U.S. treaty establishes right to build canal and have power over canal zone

18

"Dollar Diplomacy"

Taft; improve financial opportunities for American business; use private capital to further U.S. interests overseas; U.S. should create stability and order abroad that best promotes American commercial interests

19

Matthew C. Perry

He was the military leader who convinced the Japanese to sign a treaty in 1853 with the U.S. The treaty allowed for a commercial foot in Japan which was helpful with furthering a relationship with Japan.

20

Sanford B. Dole

American endorsed leader of Hawaii who came into power after the monarchy was overthrown

21

Jose Marti

Cuban poet and journalist who organized a guerilla revolution against Spain in 1895. "Cuba Libre" free Cuba was his battle cry

22

Valeriano Weyler

Spanish general sent to Cuba in 1896 to crush the rebellion. His brutal tactics earned him the nickname, "Butcher."

23

U.S.S. Maine

Ship that exploded off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helped contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War

24

Treaty of Paris

the treaty ending the Spanish-American War, in which Spain freed Cuba, turned over the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the U.S., and sold the Philippines to the U.S. for $20 million

25

protectorate

a country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power

26

Pearl Harbor

American naval base in Hawaii used as a refueling station for American ships