Unit 9: Civil Rights Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 9: Civil Rights Deck (15):

Civil Rights Movement

organized movement from 1955-1968; political movement for equality within the law consisting of both non-violent and armed resistance rebellions


Brown vs. Board of Ed Topeka, KS:

Supreme Court case brought forth on behalf of Linda Brown which ruled "separate is not equal", thus overturning Plessy vs. Ferguson


Montgomery Bus Boycott

political and social protest against racial discrimination on the Montgomery, Alabama public buses which lasted from 1955 to 1956


Rosa Parks

African American civil rights activist involved in civil disobedience who resisted busing segregation in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955 by refusing to give up her seat on a bus


1964 Civil Rights Act:

signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson; federal law that banned discrimination based on race, sex, color, religion or national origin in facilities that served the public


1965 Voting Rights Act

signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson; prohibits discrimination in voting


Freedom rides

orchestrated by civil right activists known as the freedom riders; interstate bus rides during the summers of 1961 and 1962 in which activists traveled from the North to the South in an effort to enforce the integration of national busing and bus terminals


Dr. Martin Luther King Jr

American pastor, humanitarian, Nobel Peace Prize winner, and leader of the civil rights movement for African Americans; encouraged nonviolent civil disobedience methods including the March on Washington; assassinated by James Earl Ray in April 1968


Macolm X

Malcolm Little; civil rights activists; changed name to X when he converted as a follower of the Nation of Islam later becoming a minister and a national spokesperson; encouraged complete separation of the races; assassinated by three members of the Nation of Islam in 1965


Black Power Movement

prominent political and social slogan and movement in the 1960s and the early 1970s which emphasized racial pride for African Americans


James Meredith

October 1962- first African American student admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi; the governor of Mississippi tried to block his admittance; attended for only two semesters



method of civil disobedience protest made famous in 1960 by college students in Greensboro, North Carolina at a lunch counter at a department store named Woolworth's who would not serve African Americans at their counter


Little Rock Nine

Nine African American high school students who attended Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas in a brave attempt to desegregate the school in 1957 as a result of the Supreme Court ruling Brown vs. Board of Ed; the students were barred by the Governor of Arkansas and were escorted by the National Guard


Emmett Till

14 year old Chicago native African American boy who was cruelly murdered in 1955 while visiting family in Mississippi; his body was disposed of in a river; his mother insisted on an open casket funeral as a way to bring attention to the brutality of the segregated south


16th Street Baptist Church bombing

Birmingham, Alabama 1963; destruction killed four girls from the age of 11-14 and injured 22 other children; KKK member originally fined $100 for having illegal dynamite, later found guilty of murder at the age of 73 in 1977