Flashcards in Unit 7: WWII Deck (35):
policy of staying out of world affairs
a system of government ruled by a dictator who uses the military and racism to stay in power
hatred of Jewish people
originally Britain & France, later joined by the Soviet Union and the United States
Invasion of Pearl Harbor
surprise attack by the Japanese on December 7, 1941 in Hawaii, “the day that will live in infamy”
June 6, 1944 largest naval invasion led by the Allies when they landed in France and took advantage of the war
the extermination of an entire race of people
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
32nd US President, Democrat from NY, President during WWII until he died during his fourth term
33rd US President, FDR’s Vice President becomes president when FDR dies, forced to decide to use nuclear warfare
fascist leader of Italy, becomes Hitler’s role model and ally
dictator of the Soviet Union, makes pact with Hitler during WWII but gets betrayed
leader and founder of the Nazi Party in Germany, becomes dictator of Germany, responsible for the Holocaust
fascist leader of Spain
Rosie the Riveter
cartoon symbol of American working woman used to encourage women working during WWII
Japanese Internment Camps:
labor and housing camps in CO, WY and AZ were Americans of Japanese descent were forced to live after the bombing of Pearl Harbor
Selective Training and Service Act, 1941
first time peacetime draft, required all men from ages of 21-35 (later 18-45) to register to be soldiers
Office of War Information:
American news agency in control of all the information given to the public about the war
Fair Employment Practices Committee
American government agency that investigate to make sure all defense companies were not discriminating when hiring their workforce
racist attacks on Mexican Americans throughout California by members of the US Navy
Type of bomb built during WORLD WAR II that was more powerful than any built before it.
Code name for the U.S. effort during World War II to produce the atomic bomb.
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in the pacific theater of World War II
allows America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S."
First African American fighter pilots
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day was also when the Germans surrendered, Victory in Europe Day on May 8th, 1945 celebrated the official defeat of the Nazis and end of WWII in Europe
attempting to avoid conflict by making concessions and agreeing to part of the demands (giving Hitler what he wanted so he would stop aggression)
secret agreement signed by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' war aims for self-determination
Dec. 7, 1941
What was the date of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?
Dec. 8, 1941
When did the US declare war on Japan?
the name of the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945
Executive order of 9066
Feb, 1942, signed by FDR and authorized the exclusion of more than 112,000 Japanese --> internment camps
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
On what two cities were the atomic bombs dropped during WWII?