Unit 7: WWII Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7: WWII Deck (35):
1

isolationism:

policy of staying out of world affairs

2

facism

a system of government ruled by a dictator who uses the military and racism to stay in power

3

anti-Semitism

hatred of Jewish people

4

Allied Powers:

originally Britain & France, later joined by the Soviet Union and the United States

5

Invasion of Pearl Harbor

surprise attack by the Japanese on December 7, 1941 in Hawaii, “the day that will live in infamy”

6

D-Day:

June 6, 1944 largest naval invasion led by the Allies when they landed in France and took advantage of the war

7

genocide

the extermination of an entire race of people

8

Holocaust

Holocaust

9

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

32nd US President, Democrat from NY, President during WWII until he died during his fourth term

10

Harry Truman

33rd US President, FDR’s Vice President becomes president when FDR dies, forced to decide to use nuclear warfare

11

Benito Mussolini

fascist leader of Italy, becomes Hitler’s role model and ally

12

Joseph Stalin

dictator of the Soviet Union, makes pact with Hitler during WWII but gets betrayed

13

Adolf Hitler

leader and founder of the Nazi Party in Germany, becomes dictator of Germany, responsible for the Holocaust

14

Francisco Franco

fascist leader of Spain

15

Rosie the Riveter

cartoon symbol of American working woman used to encourage women working during WWII

16

Japanese Internment Camps:

labor and housing camps in CO, WY and AZ were Americans of Japanese descent were forced to live after the bombing of Pearl Harbor

17

Selective Training and Service Act, 1941

first time peacetime draft, required all men from ages of 21-35 (later 18-45) to register to be soldiers

18

Office of War Information:

American news agency in control of all the information given to the public about the war

19

Fair Employment Practices Committee

American government agency that investigate to make sure all defense companies were not discriminating when hiring their workforce

20

Zoot-Suit Riots

racist attacks on Mexican Americans throughout California by members of the US Navy

21

Atomic BOMB

Type of bomb built during WORLD WAR II that was more powerful than any built before it.

22

MANHATTAN PROJECT

Code name for the U.S. effort during World War II to produce the atomic bomb.

23

Battle of Midway

U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in the pacific theater of World War II

24

Lend-Lease

allows America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S."

25

Tuskegee Airmen

First African American fighter pilots

26

D-day

June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II

27

V-E day

May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day was also when the Germans surrendered, Victory in Europe Day on May 8th, 1945 celebrated the official defeat of the Nazis and end of WWII in Europe

28

appeasement

attempting to avoid conflict by making concessions and agreeing to part of the demands (giving Hitler what he wanted so he would stop aggression)

29

Atlantic Charter

secret agreement signed by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' war aims for self-determination

30

Dec. 7, 1941

What was the date of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?

31

Dec. 8, 1941

When did the US declare war on Japan?

32

Enola Gay

the name of the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945

33

Executive order of 9066

Feb, 1942, signed by FDR and authorized the exclusion of more than 112,000 Japanese --> internment camps

34

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

On what two cities were the atomic bombs dropped during WWII?

35

island-hopping

an Allied tactic where only certain islands were targeted for attack in the Pacific - these islands had strategic significance