Unit 6a Roaring Twenties Flashcards Preview

US History > Unit 6a Roaring Twenties > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 6a Roaring Twenties Deck (29):
1

18th Amendment

the banning of all manufacturing, buying or selling alcohol

2

19th Amendment

gives American women the right to vote

3

Red Scare

time of American hysteria and panic over the fear of communism spreading into America due to the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution

4

Sacco & Vanzetti

two Italian anarchist immigrants who were executed for a crime in which there was no direct evidence based on the fears of the Red Scare

5

Immigration Act of 1924

limited the amount of immigrants allowed into the U.S. after WWI by using a 2% quota system based on how large the population already was in the U.S.

6

Scopes Trial

known as the "monkey trial"; criminal trial of John Scopes, biology teacher from Tennessee who violated a state order by teaching evolution. Scopes was found guilty and had to pay a fine of $100

7

Palmer Raids

an attempt by the US Department of Justice to arrest and deport people who supported communism or socialist governments

8

A. Mitchell Palmer

Attorney General of the U.S. whose house was bombed; suspected communists were blamed for the bombing; he starts a "red hunting" to eliminate communists from the US

9

New KKK

1915 had a reemergence of the KKK under the leadership of William Joseph Simmons; this Klan expanded their hatred towards anyone who was not 100% Anglo-Saxon Protestant

10

Jazz Age

era of the 1920's were jazz music dominated society; originated in New Orleans, Louisiana.

11

Roaring Twenties

era of the 1920's where a loud, fast paced society took over most of America

12

Bootlegging

obtaining or making your own alcohol illegally

13

speakeasy

illegal bars/saloons that served alcohol during Prohibition

14

flappers

new shocking identity for women who challenged traditional views of women; often wore short hair, loose clothing, and had an independent spirit

15

Henry Ford

automobile manufacturer who used an assembly line to produce cars at a high rate

16

"talkies"

movies with sound

17

Charlie Chaplin

famous silent movie actor and comedian

18

"Steamboat Willie"

first animated feature length movie with the Mickey Mouse character

19

Harlem, NY

becomes the "capitol of black America"; area of NY where African American culture is celebrated

20

Langston Hughes

Prolific African American author and poet; became a symbol for the Harlem Renaissance

21

Marcus Garvey

Jamaican born political leader of the Pan-African Movement; encouraged African Americans to unite worldwide and for a return to Africa

22

Calvin Coolidge

Republican President of the U.S. from 1923-1929; pro-business, famously said "the chief business of America is business"

23

Warren G. Harding

Republican President of the U.S. from 1921-1923; administration riddled with scandals; launched the idea that America needed "normalcy" after WWI; dies while in office of a heart attack

24

Teapot Dome Scandal

Secretary of the Interior (Albert Fall) leased government land in California and at Teapot Dome, Wyoming to 2 oil executives- Fall became the first Cabinet official to be sent to prison; occurred during President Harding's administration hurting his reputation

25

assembly line

Henry Ford's mass production technique that allowed cars to be affordable for all. Cars were sent down the line as workers each did their part.

26

installment plan

Buying products on credit

27

nativism

Preference for people born in the country. Distrust of immigrants.

28

Fundamentalism

Literal interpretation of the Bible.

29

21st Amendment

Repealed Prohibition