Unit 5b: World War I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5b: World War I Deck (26):
1

Nationalism

pride in one own's country

2

Militarism

glorification of a nation’s military strength

3

Allied Powers

Britain, France, Russia (eventually Italy and the US)

4

Central Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire

5

No Man’s Land

on fighting field area of land between enemy territories filled with barbed wire and land mines

6

Trench Warfare

WWI military strategy that relied on fighting from ditches

7

Neutrality

refers to remaining neutral in a global conflict

8

Sussex Pledge

German promise not to sink American ships without warning

9

Zimmerman Telegram

transmission sent from Germany to Mexico, proposing an alliance that would help Mexico regain territories lost to America

10

Selective Service Act

required men between the ages 21-30 to register for the draft (eventually lowered to 18)

11

Convoy System

system of escorting merchant vessels with US warships

12

Great Migration

movement of African Americans in the south to northern cities between 1915 and 1930

13

Sedition Act

made it illegal to speak or print anything criticizing the government during a time of war

14

Wilson's Fourteen Points

Wilson’s program for world peace; gets rejected by European powers

15

League of Nations

international body designed to prevent future wars

16

Big Four

refers to the 4 leaders who met for the peace conference at the end of WWI: America, France, Britain, Italy

17

Reparations:

repayment for damages incurred by war

18

Treaty of Versailles

peace treaty that ends WWI; upsets both Germany and Italy, signed in Paris on June 28, 1919

19

Franz Ferdinand

heir to Austro-Hungarian throne, assassinated while visiting Sarajevo

20

Gavrilo Princip

Serbian nationalist who assassinated Franz Ferdinand

21

"Food will win the war!"

Slogan used to get people to not waste food, grow their own and conserve so more food could go to our soldiers

22

"Our boys over there"

Slogan used to describe American soldiers; they belonged to everyone in the U.S.

23

Doughboys

American soldiers who badly needed to be trained for war

24

Herbert Hoover

Director of the Food Agency during WWI; ran all the programs that helped saved food for the war effort

25

Mobilization

preparing for war

26

Lusitania

British cruise liner carrying 128 American passengers that was attacked by German U-boats in 1915