Unit 8: Cold War 1945-1991 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 8: Cold War 1945-1991 Deck (38):
1

Cold War

long power struggle between the US and USSR from 1945-1991 waged mostly on political and economic issues

2

proxy wars

wars fought indirectly through other people i.e. Korean Conflict (US & USSR fought against each other through North & South Korea)

3

Marshall Plan

European Recovery Plan after WWII; US program giving money to European countries to help them rebuild after WWII

4

Truman Doctrine

President Truman's policy stating that the US would assist any country fighting against communism

5

Korean War (Conflict)

Known as the "Forgotten War"; civil war between North (communist) and South (democratic) Korea 1950-1953; US supported South Korea to stop the spread of communism

6

38th Parallel

The dividing line between North and South Korea

7

Dwight D. Eisenhower

34th US President; wins election of 1952 promising to get US out of Korean Conflict, settles truce between the Koreas

8

Policy of containment

US policies to use several different methods to stop the spread of communism

9

domino theory

fear that if one country falls to communism the neighboring countries will as well

10

Berlin Airlifts

1948-1949: operation in which British and American planes dropped food and supplies on West Berlin due to the Berlin Blockade

11

Berlin Wall

barrier between East and West Berlin; structure was built by the USSR; becomes a symbol for the era

12

John F. Kennedy

35th US President; elected in 1960; helped by tv debates; enemies included Nikita Kruschev (USSR) and Fidel Castro (Cuba)

13

Nikita Khruschev

leader of the USSR; allies himself with Castro; puts missiles in Cuba aiming at the US

14

Fidel Castro

rebel leader of Cuba; ousts Cuban President Batista; defeats an invasion by 1,400 Cuban refugees

15

Bay of Pigs

failed US mission planned by Eisenhower's administration but carried out by Kennedy's administration; attempt to overthrow Castro led by CIA trained 1,400 Cuban refugees; refugees get captured and held hostage for $53 million dollars; huge embarrassment for Kennedy

16

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962 nuclear missiles spotted in Cuba by US U-S spy planes; for 13 days the US and USSR were on the brink of nuclear war

17

Star Wars

the space race between the US and the USSR; Soviets win when they first reach space in 1957

18

Sputnik

the world's first satellite to visit space; launched by the USSR in 1957

19

Kennedy Assassination

Nov. 22, 1963, Dallas, TX; President assassinated while riding in an open motorcade while campaigning for the Democrats and his re-election in 1964

20

Lyndon B. Johnson

36th US President, President Kennedy's VP, sworn in on Air Force One, strong Texan with an impatient personality

21

Vietnam

conflict in this South East Asian country that spanned 5 US Presidents, conflict between North Vietnam (Communist) and South Vietnam (Democratic); eventually the US and United Nation forces get defeated and Vietnam becomes all one communist country

22

Vietnamization

US policy under President Nixon to give the problem of Vietnam back to the people of Vietnam; removes US soldiers out of Vietnam and eventually accepts defeat

23

Arms Race

Cold war competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union to build up their respective armed forces and weapons

24

Division of Germany

1947 Germany got divided into 4 zones controlled by the U.S., Great Britian, France and Russia

25

United_Nations

an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security

26

weapons of mass destruction

nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons that can kill tens of thousands of people all at once

27

Iron Curtain

A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The barrier isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world

28

about fifty years of intense conflict between the US and the USSR that never actually resulted in the two countries fighting each other

The Cold War

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set up in Berlin after the failure of the Berlin Airlift; recognized as an "iron curtain" of sorts

The Berlin Wall

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Mao Zedong

led the Communist Revolution in China

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superpower

nation with enough strength to influence events in the world

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Joseph McCarthy

senator who encouraged the red scare in the US

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Ho Chi Minh

leader of North Vietnam

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Vietcong

North Vietnamese troops who used guerilla tactics

35

The government owns and runs everything. In theory, everything is equal and no private ownership (no one owns anything). The U.S.S.R has this type of government.

Communist government

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An economic system based on private property and free enterprise. In other words, you can own a business, make a profit, and sell your product freely.

capitalism

37

2nd Red Scare

Second wave of fear of communism in the US

38

Apollo 11

US moon landing mission