US History 2: Chapter 21 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in US History 2: Chapter 21 Deck (37):
1

Why did Americans become interested in an overseas empire in the late 19th century?

The end of the frontier sparked fears about diminishing opportunities at home

2

What were the tenets of Social Darwinism?

1. Civilize the world under Anglo-Saxon races
2. Anglo - Saxon Superiority: god made American Christians

3

What were the basic goals of the 19th century foreign policy?

Gain Hawaii and not Africa

4

What were the foreign policy goals of William H. Seward ?

1. Canada and Mexico
2. Use islands in the Caribbean as strategic bases to protect a canal across the isthmus
3. Use Hawaii and other islands as stepping stones to Asia

5

What was the US foreign policy towards Latin Americans from 1869 to 1896?

Diverted Latin American trade from Europe through a series of reciprocity treaties; US supported Venezuela against Great Britain

6

What was the US relationship with Hawaii in the 19th century?

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7

Why did some Americans favor the annexation of Hawaii?

They wanted it as a military base, they did not want other countries taking it, and the US depended on their sugar

8

Who were the participants in the dispute over Pago Pago in 1889?

The US, Great Britain, and Germany

9

What were Alfred Thayer Mahan's arguments for a country having a strong navy?

He argued that overseas markets were essential for industrial surpluses and reaching those markets required a large merchant marine and a strong navy to protect it at sea

10

What were the causes of the Spanish American War?

1. Rebellion in Cuba
2. Explosion of the Maine
3. Congress declared Cuba independent

11

What was the Teller Amendment?

It promised to leave government of Cuba to the Cubans

12

Isolationism

A belief that the United States should avoid entanglements with other nations

13

Imperialism

The policy of extending a nations power over other areas through military conquest, economic domination, or annexation

14

What did the Treat of Paris do?

It ended the Spanish American War

15

Treaty of Paris

Spain recognized Cuba's independence, assumed the Cuban debt, and ceded Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the US

16

Philippine American War

A war fought from 1899 - 1903 to quell Filipino resistance to US control of the Philippine Islands

17

Realism

Very skeptical about independence

18

Monroe Doctrine of 1823

Any intervention by external powers in the politics of the Americas is a potentially hostile act against the US

19

Who thought up the Monroe Doctrine?

James Monroe

20

James G. Blaine

The Secretary of State under James Garfield

21

What were the 3 places of value to the US?

Hawaii, Cuba, and Puerto Rico

22

Expat

Identifies more with a different culture

23

Reciprocity Act

No duty on sugar

24

Mckinley Tariff Act

Started to pay duty on sugar

25

How did the Mckinley Tariff Act impact Hawaii?

There was a lot of unemployment

26

1893 Hawaii Revolt

James G Blaine sent marines to Hawaii and the Queen surrendered

27

When was Hawaii annexed?

1898

28

When did Hawaii become a state

1959

29

Seward's Folly

The purchase of Alaska in 1867, through the negotiations of Secretary of State W.H. Seward

30

Emilio Aguinaldo

Led forces against Spain in the Philippine War and led against the US in the Philippine American War

31

What did the Spanish troops call the African American soldiers?

Burned Yankees

32

Yellow Journalism

Because of the yellow strips comic strips in both papers

33

Where is Guantanamo Bay?

Guantanamo Bay Naval Base

34

What was the nickname for the Spanish American War?

A splendid little war

35

John Hays Open Door Policy

Aimed to secure international agreement to the U.S. policy of promoting equal opportunity for international trade and commerce in China, and respect for China’s administrative and territorial integrity

36

American Anti Imperialism League

It was established to battle the US annexation of the Philippines as an insular area

37

Foraker Act

It provided that the executive department was to be composed of a council of eleven members appointed by the president of the United States