Chapter 29 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (17):
1

What were the main social events of the postwar era from 1945 to 1960?

Baby boom, suburban living, and employment expansion

2

Levittown

A suburb that relieve the postwar housing shortage

3

Baby boom

The rise in births following World War 2

4

Montogommery Bus Boycott

African Americans led by Martin Luther King Jr boycotted the buses in Montgomery, AL

5

Southern Christian Leadership Conferences

An organization founded by MLK Jr to fight segregation through passive resistance, nonviolence, and peaceful confrontation

6

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

A group organized by students to work for equal rights for African Americans

7

How did the American economy evolve after World War 2?

The GNP doubled between 1940 and 1960, people spent a lot of housing and consumer goods, and new committees emerged in the suburbs

8

How did American Culture change after the war?

More people went to church than ever, more young people went to college, TV provided endless entertainment

9

What were the results of launching Sputnik?

Sputnik was though of as a threat to national security and the US launched the Explorer

10

What were Eisenhower's legislative accomplishments?

Launched the Interstate Highway System, NASA, and the DARPA, sent federal troops to Little Rock. Arkansas for the first time since Reconstruction, signed Civil Rights legislation in 1957 and 1960 to protect black votes, and he opposed Wisconsin Senator McCarthy and contributed to the end of McCarthyism

11

What were the main actions of the civil rights movements in the 1950s?

Rosa parks refusing to move to the back of a bus and the Montgomery bus boycott

12

What was the role of the Supreme Court and the President in desegregating the schools?

The Supreme Court and the president said that segregating schools had a bad effect on children

13

What concrete things did Eisenhower do to further Civil Rights>\?

He proposed the first general civil rights legislation since reconstruction and the last act provided for federal efforts aimed at "securing and protecting the rights to vote"

14

How did Truman contribute to civil rights?

He appointed a presidential commission that recommended the reinstatement of the wartime Fair Employment Practices Committee and he added civil rights to the liberal agenda

15

What was Truman's Fair Deal?

1. Called for medical insurance for all Americans
2. Proposed establishing a compulsory Fair Employment Practices Commission to open up employment opportunities for African Americans
3. Federal aid to education in order to help the states and local school districts to meet the demands created by the postwar baby boom

16

What was the culture in the 1950s and charges of critics?

Consumerism became the dominant social theme

17

Who were the critics?

David Reisman, C. Wright Mills, Richard Gordon, Katherine Gordon and Max Gunther