Flashcards in Chapter 31 Deck (31):
It was created to combat "amoral liberals", drug abuse, "coddling", of criminals, homosexuality, communism and abortion
What did the Moral Majority represent?
The rise of political activism among organized religions radical right wing
Former liberals who advocated a strong stand against Communism abroad and free market capitalism at home
A french world meaning a relaxation of tension, with the Soviet union to lessen the possibility if nuclear war in the 1970s
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
The US and SU culminated four years of SALT by signing a treaty limiting the deployment of antiballistic missiles and an agreement to freeze the number of offensive missiles for five years
A break in at the Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate complex in Washington was carried out under the direction of White House employees
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
A cartel of oil exporting nations
Equal Rights Amendment
A proposed constitutional amendment passed by Congress in 1972 to guarantee women equal treatment under the law
Roe v. Wade
The 1973 Supreme Court decision that women have a constitutional right to abortion during the early stages of pregnancy
Camp David accords
President Jimmy Carter mediated a peace agreement between the leaders of Egypt and Israel at Camp David
Iranian Hostage Crisis
Iranian fundamentalist sized the American embassy in Tehran and held fifty three Americans hostage for over a year
Supply Side Economics
The theory that tax cuts would stimulate the economy by giving individuals more incentive to earn more money, which would lead to greater investment and eventually larger tac revenue at a lower rate
Strategic Defense Initiative
Reagan's SDI proposed to construct an elaborate computer controlled antimissile defense system capable pf destroying enemy missiles in outer space
Discuss Nixon's domestic policies
They had limited success, and through his diplomacy broke new ground in relations with China and the Soviet Union and ended in American fighting in Vietnam, he was forced to resign as president
Discuss the foreign policies of Richard Nixon regarding detente
Nixon wanted to establish an American liaison mission in Beijing asa first step toward diplomatic recognition
What was Nixon's plan to end the Vietnam war?
1. Withdrawal of American troops accompanied by training to south Vietnamese forces to take over the combat role
2. Renewed bombing
3. Hard line in negotiations with Hanoi
What were the key events in the Watergate scandal that led to Nixon's resignation?
Nixon had personal involvement in the cover up and he paid to keep the burglars quiet
What were the causes of the energy crisis?
The October War and the OPEC announced a 5% cut in oil production and vowed additional cuts of 5% each month until Israel surrendered the lands it took in 1967
How did the US energy policy deal with the energy shortage?
They mandated increased bank reserves to curtail the supply of money in circulation
Discuss domestic issues in the 1970s
1. Family: divorce rates were super high, people never marrying or postponing to a later age, mother's worked outside of homes
2. Women: They worked in only female dominated fields , their wages were on 76 percent of men's
3. Gay liberation: Gay demonstrators were attacked by police, AIDS, same sex marriage was taboo,
Why was the Ford presidency deemed unsuccessful?
He granted Nixon a full pardon for all federal crimes he committed, he had the CIA investigated as a result of the Watergate Scandal, and he made assassination illegal as an instrument of American foreign policy
Why was Carter said to have failed as president?
He had no clear sense of direction, no discerning political philosophy, and he lost a lot of money
Describe Carter's middle east foreign policy
It provided the gradual return of the Sinai to Egypt but left the Palestinians, the Arab inhabitants of the West Bank and the Gaza strip, unsettled
What was Carter's Iranian crisis?
On November 4, militants seized the US embassy in Tehran and took 53 people hostage
Why did Reagan want he presidential election in 1980?
He blamed Carter for inflation and allowing the Soviets to outstrip the US military, "Are you better off now that you were 4 years ago?"
What were the main principals of Reagan's supply-side economics?
It was believed that the private sector, of encouraged by tax cuts, would shift its resources from tax shelters to productive investment
What campaign promise to women did Reagan keep?
To make a symbolic gesture to women
How did Reagan restore US standing and respect in the world?
He devoted himself to strengthening America's defense and recapturing world supremacy from the Soviet Union
What was the basic tenet of Reagan's foreign policy?
He extended American economic aid
Describe Reagan's foreign policy toward the Soviet Union in 1987-88
The Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty