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Flashcards in USMLE Psych Deck (29):
1

Discontinue reinforcement leading to behaviour elimination

Extinction

2

Do something to stop unpleasant stimulus

Negative reinforcement

3

Transferring avoided ideas and feelings to a neutral person

Displacement

4

Temporary, drastic change in personality, memory, consciousness, motor behaviour to avoid emotional stress

Dissociation

5

Modeling behaviour after another person who is more powerful

Identification

6

Separating feelings from ideas and events

Isolation of affect

7

Attributing an unacceptable internal impulse to an external source

Projection

8

Replacing a warded-off idea or feeling by an unconscious emphasis on the opposite

Reaction formation

9

Believing that people are either all good or all bad at different times due to intolerance of ambiguity.

Splitting

10

Order of loss of orientation?

Time, place, person

11

Hallucinations upon falling asleep

Hypnagogic

12

Hallucinations upon waking up

Hypnapompic

13

Tactile hallucinations are seen in what condition?

Alcohol withdrawal (sensation of bugs crawling under the skin)

14

What is dysthymia?

Mild depression lasting more than two years

15

What is cyclothymic disorder?

Mild depression with hypomania for at least two years

16

How long does a delusion have to last for it to be a delusional disorder?

1 month

17

How long before you can dx schizophrenia?

6 months

18

How long before you can diagnose mania?

1 week

19

How long before you can dx MDD?

2 weeks

20

What are the features of pathologic grief?

> 6 months, fulfills MDD criteria, +/- psychosis

21

When is ECT used?

Refractory depression, depression with psychosis, acutely suicidal patients

22

Generalized anxiety disorder vs adjustment disorder?

Adjustment disorder 6 months, no ID'ed stressor

23

How long before you can dx PTSD?

1 month

24

What is schizoaffective disorder and how long til you can dx?

Two weeks, psychosis with superimposed depression or mania.

25

Euphoria, grandiosity, pupillary dilation, prolonged wakefulness and attention. Intoxication with?

Amphetamines

26

Belligerence, impulsivity, tachycardia, homicidality, psychosis, delirium, seizures. Intoxication with?

PCP

27

Perceptual distortions, depersonalization, anxiety, paranoia, psychosis. Intoxication with?

LSD

28

How long to dx PTSD?

> 1 month

29

How long to dx generalized anxiety disorder?

6 months