Week 3 - Contact Dermatitis/Eczema Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 3 - Contact Dermatitis/Eczema Deck (10):
0

What is unique about ointments?

They have the highest potency of deliverable product

1

What is eczema known for?

"the itch that rashes" - closely associated with family history - increase in serum IgE

2

How should you treat Atopic Dermatosis?

Cutaneous hydration (ointments, no soap), topical glucocorticoids, identify and eliminate flares

3

What is contact dermatitis?

Inflammatory reaction of the skin precipitated by an exogenous chemical
-Two types:
1. Irritant - direct toxic effect on the skin
2. Allergic - immunologic reaction that causes tissue inflammation (Type IV Hypersensitivity)

4

What percent of all occupational illness (except injury) is contact dermatitis?

50%

5

What populations tend to get Seborrhiec Dermatosis?

Males & infants/newborns

6

What are common features of seborrhiec dermatosis?

DANDRUFF!!
-Patches & plaques with indistinct margins
-Chronic, superficial inflammatory process affecting the hairy/sebaceous gland regions of the body (scalp, eyebrows, face, axilla, diaper area)
-Wide range (mild to severe)
-Common HIV skin manifestation
-Etiology (cause) unknown

7

What are some neurological abnormalities that S. D. is associated with?

Epilepsy, Quadriplegia, facial paralysis, parkinson's disease

8

How to treat SD in adults?

-Use low potency glucocorticoids
-HYGEINE & WASHING IMP.
-Dandruff shampoo
-Antifungals, Metronidazole
-Anti-inflammatories

9

What is photodermatitis and how to treat?

An immune-based dermatitis in which UV light alters the antigen to make it an effective immunogen resulting in Type IV cell-mediated reaction
-Commonly seen with thiazide diuretics and tetracyclines
-Therapy consists of stopping med and use of UV-A and UV-B blocker sunscreen