Week 4 part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 4 part 3 Deck (54)
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31

Predominant locations and role of muscarinic receptor subtypes: M5

Brain (substantia nigra); eye
Regulation of striatal dopamine release

32

Stress urinary incontinence?

leakage of urine during raised intra-abdominal pressure

33

leakage associated with urgency, usually with detrusor activity

Overactive bladder

34

What test is useful to differentiate between stress urinary incontinence and overactive bladder in patients whom surgery considered?

Urodynamics

35

a method by which the pressure/volume relationship of the bladder is measured during filling, provocation and during voiding

Cystometry

36

Drug for stress urinary incontinence

Duloxetine

37

Drug for overactive bladder?

Oxybutynin

38

1st degree uterine descent?

In vagina

39

2ND degree uterine descent?

In interiotus

40

3rd degree uterine descent?

Procidentia (entiryl outside vagina)

41

What has prolapsed if it is an enterocele prolapse?

Pouvh of douglas cobtaining small bowel

42

What type of prlapse: stress urinary incontinence, urinary retention, recurrent UTI?

Cystourethrocele

43

What typeof prolapse? Backache, ulceration if procidentia/everted?

Uterine/vault prolapse

44

What type of prolapse - constipation, dyschezia?

Rectal

45

When is the nadir reached in pregnancy for BP/

22-24 weeks

46

What are the two stages in pathogenesis of preeclampsia?

1. aBNORMAL placental perfusion
2. Maternal syndrome

47

What can be used to predict pre-eclampsia?

Maternal Uterine Artery Doppler 20-24 weeks

48

Treatment of hypertension in pregnancy: METHYLdopa contraindication?

Depression

49

Treatment of hypertension in pregnancy: labetalol contraindication?

Asthma

50

Tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizure occuring with features of pre-eclampsia

Eclampsia - most common post partum 44%, more common in teenagers

51

What hypertensives are given for eclampsia?

IV Labetalol
IV hydralazine

52

How are seizures treated in eclampsia?

Magnesium sulphate

53

What is main cause of death in eclampsia?

Pulmomary oedema

54

whats is given in low dose to high risk woemn for preeclampsia?

Aspirin- commence before12 weeks