word list 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in word list 18 Deck (100):
1

vantage

有利的位置
position giving an advantage

2

sully

弄脏;玷污(名誉等)
tarnish; soil

3

bulwark

壁垒,防御工事;防御或保护的人
earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends

4

resurge

复活,苏醒
rise again

5

gratify

使满足
please

6

potentate

统治者,当权者
monarch; sovereign

7

granulate

成为粒状
form into grains

8

defuse

卸除(爆破装置的)引信;缓和或平息危险
remove the fuse of a bomb; reduce or eliminate a threat

9

unwitting

无意的,不知情的
unintentional; not knowing

10

miserly

吝啬的;贪婪的
stingy; mean

11

unkempt

不整洁的,(头发)蓬乱的
disheveled; uncared for in appearance

12

bereavement

丧失(尤指亲友)
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved

13

indignity

轻蔑,侮辱行为
offensive or insulting treatment

14

adamant

坚硬的;不屈不挠的
hard; inflexible

15

discerning

眼光敏锐的,有洞察力的
mentally quick and observant; having insight

16

import

重要性;意思
importance; meaning

17

whimsical

反复无常的;异想天开的
capricious; fanciful

18

ensconce

安顿
settle comfortably

19

jocular

爱开玩笑的,风趣的,滑稽的
said or done in jest

20

migratory

迁移的,流浪的
wandering

21

sacrilegious

亵渎的,该受天谴的
desecrating; profane

22

patriarch

家长,族长
father and ruler of a family or tribe

23

billowing

汹涌的
swelling out in waves; surging

24

impinge

侵犯;冲击,撞击
infringe; touch; collide with

25

abstemious

饮食有节制的,适度的
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate

26

disarray

混乱,紊乱
a disorderly or untidy state

27

swill

痛饮
drink greedily

28

nebulous

模糊的,朦胧的;星云的,星云状的
vague; hazy; cloudy

29

misdemeanor

[律]轻罪
minor crime

30

harbinger

先驱;预兆
forerunner

31

oblivion

湮灭;遗忘
obscurity; forgetfulness

32

remission

(痛苦、紧张等的)缓和;(负债、处分等)豁免;宽恕
temporary moderation of disease symptoms; cancellation of a debt; forgiveness or pardon

33

anoint

(尤指在授予王位的仪式上)涂油于(人)
consecrate

34

splice

接合
fasten together; unite

35

remonstrance

抗议
protest

36

warrant

证明;批准,授权
justify; authorize

37

ramble

漫游
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally)

38

unwieldy

笨拙的;难处理的
awkward; cumbersome; unmanageable

39

replica

复制品
copy

40

universal

普遍的,通用的
characterizing or affecting all; present everywhere

41

concurrent

同时发生的
happening at the same time

42

addendum

附录,补遗
an addition or supplement

43

incompatible

无法共存的,不调和的
inharmonious

44

lummox

愚蠢不中用者
big, clumsy, often stupid person

45

encroachment

侵占,侵蚀
gradual intrusion

46

despise

鄙视,看不起
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful

47

accretion

增长
growth; increase

48

hackneyed

陈腐的,陈词滥调的
commonplace; trite

49

forgo

放弃,作罢
give up

50

irascible

易怒的,性情暴躁的
irritable; easily angered

51

invasive

扩散性的,侵袭的
tending to spread aggressively; intrusive

52

cordial

热忱的
gracious; heartfelt

53

innovation

改革,革新
change; introduction of something new

54

decipher

破译(密码电文等)
interpret secret code

55

irretrievable

不可挽回的,不能补救的
impossible to recover or regain;irreparable

56

credibility

可信性
believability

57

prehensile

能抓住的,能握住的
capable of grasping or holding

58

insurmountable

不能克服的,不能超越的
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable

59

microcosm

微观世界
small world; the world in miniature

60

resilient

弹性的,有回弹力的
elastic; having the power of springing back

61

predecessor

前辈,前任
former occupant of a post

62

stagnant

停滞的;迟钝的
motionless; state; dull

63

poignancy

辛酸;(感情)强烈,深刻
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion

64

interminable

没完没了的,冗长的
endless

65

cipher

密码;无足轻重的人或物
secret code; nonentity; worthless person or thing

66

proselytize

使改变宗教或信仰
convert to a religion or belief

67

analgesic

止痛的
causing insensitivity to pain

68

overbearing

专横的,傲慢的;压倒一切的
bossy and arrogant; decisively important

69

vindictive

报复性的,怀恨的
out for revenge; malicious

70

uproarious

喧闹的;非常滑稽的
marked by commotion; extremely funny; very noisy

71

agility

敏捷,灵活
nimbleness

72

warble

鸟鸣,用柔和的颤声唱
sing; babble

73

sacrosanct

极神圣的;不可侵犯的
most sacred; inviolable

74

ablution

沐浴,洗礼
washing

75

abstract

抽象的,理论的
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational

76

sparse

稀少的,稀疏的
not thick; thinly scattered; scanty

77

apiary

养蜂场
a place where bees are kept

78

jaded

精疲力竭的,没有兴趣的
fatigued; surfeited

79

maladroit

不灵巧的,笨拙的
clumsy; bungling

80

component

要素,成分
element; ingredient

81

aspirant

有抱负者,有野心者
seeker after position or status

82

pervasive

遍布的,无处不在的
pervading; spread throughout every part

83

jingoist

好战分子,沙文主义者
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike
chauvinist

84

detached

独立的,超然的,公正的
emotionally removed; calm and objective; physically unconnected

85

abortive

失败的;夭败的
unsuccessful; fruitless

86

requisite

必需品
necessary requirement

87

kleptomaniac

有盗窃癖者
person who has a compulsive desire to steal

88

malevolent

有恶意的,坏心肠的
wishing evil

89

gall

胆汁;苦味;怨恨
bitterness; resentment
烦恼;磨伤
annoy; chafe

90

bandy

(不经意的)交换(谣言、信息等);吵嘴,对骂
discuss lightly or glibly; exchange (words) heatedly

91

susceptible

易受影响的;易感动的;易感染的
impressionable; easily influenced; having little resistance, as to a disease receptive to

92

sedentary

久坐的,坐惯的
requiring sitting

93

valid

有效的;有充分根据的;正当的
logically convincing; sound; legally acceptance

94

meek

温顺的;谦和的
quiet and obedient; spiritless

95

obstinate

顽固的,难以控制的
stubborn; hard to control or treat

96

ubiquitous

无处不在的,普遍存在的
being everywhere; omnipresent

97

gouge

挖出
tear out

98

subsidy

补助金,津贴
direct financial aid by government, etc.

99

bantering

开玩笑的
good-natured ridiculing

100

insalubrious

有损健康的
unwholesome; not healthful