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Flashcards in Zoonotic Infections Deck (12):
1

What is a human infection that naturally occurs in an insect or animal host called?

Zoonotic Pathogen

2

What are 6 familiar zoonotic pathogens?

1-Salmonella (reptiles, birds)
2-Shiga-like toxin E.Coli (farm animals)
3-Rabies
4-Lyme disease (borrelia burgdorferi, ticks)
5-Rock mountain spotted fever (Rickettsia rickettsi)
6-West nile virus (mosquito)

3

What are 4 emerging zoonotic infections?

1-Chikungunya virus
2-Zika virus
3-Cyclospora cayetanensis (coccidian protozoa)
4-Middle easter respiratory syndrome (MERS)

*1,2,4 are + strand ssRNA

4

What virus incubates 3-7 days, presents with high fever, joint pain, and more than 50% of cases result in long-lasting arthralgia?

Chikungunya

*Carried by aedes aegypti mosquito

5

What are two ways chikunguyna and zika are diagnosed?

1-IgM antibody detection
2-RT-PCR

6

Which viral disease presents with fever, rash, joint pain and conjunctivitis and is transmitted by mosquito, sex or congenital infection?

Zika

*carried by aedes mosquito like chikungunya

7

Which viral disease causes microcephaly birth defect?

Zika virus

*also linked to Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS)

8

What pathogen is a gastroinestinal protozoa that is passed fecal oral usually through imported produce, causes diarrhea and is detected by acid fast stain, autofluorescence and PCR?

Cyclospora cayetanensis

*not infective when shed

9

How do you treat Cyclospora?

Trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (antibacterial)

10

Which pathogen is a respiratory coronavirus, found in the middle east that comes from bats and camels?

MERS (middle eastern respiratory syndrome)

*only detected through PCR due to dangers of culture

11

What are 3 other zoonotic pathogens that have no direct human-human transmission?

1-Avian influenza
2-Borrelia miyamotoi (tick borne)
3-Anaplasma and Ehrlichia (tick borne)

12

Which virus is a filovirus that typically has small outbreaks and in which patient body fluids are highly infectious?

Ebola