Flashcards in Diarrhea Deck (28):
Syndromes of diarrhea or vomiting that tend to involve non-inflammatory infection of upper small bowel or inflammatory infection of the colon are referred to as what?
What are two normal enteric microflora?
1-Bacteroides fragilis (anaerobe)
2-E. Coli (Facultative)
What are the 3 main Microbial virulence factor categories?
What are the three categories of Toxins?
Typical of S. Aureus, B. Cereus, and C. botulinum, what type of toxin are preformed and generally effect the central autonomic nervous system?
Typical of Vibrio cholerae along with other organisms, which type of toxin have a direct effect on intestinal mucosa causing fluid secretion and outpouring of electrolytes and fluid?
*watery diarrea, primarily attacks jejunum and upper ileum
Often resulting in inflammatory colitis, which toxin is responsible for mucosal destruction and is generally referred to as dysentery?
*Shigella dysenteriae is a major cause
Attachment destroys the ability of cells to participate in normal secretion and absorption and is typical of what 4 organisms?
Invasion and destruction of epithelial cells, primarily the colon, is responsible for dysenteric diarrhea and is caused primarily by what organisms?
What are the two main causes of food-borne illness in the U.S.?
Which pathogen is found in higher fat foods like meats and milk products?
Which pathogen is an anaerobic spore former and is found in meats and soil?
Which pathogen is found primarily in Poultry, eggs, meats, milk, and produce?
Which pathogen is found on Produce and is passed as direct fecal/oral?
Which pathogen is found in water, raw milk, poultry and passed by some pets?
What is the main parasite found in raw or undercooked seafood?
*Cousin to Cholera
Which pathogen is found in rice (rewarmed usually) meat and vegetables (dirt)?
Which pathogen is found in slow moving water?
Which pathogen is found in water and contaminated food?
*rice water diarrhea
Which pathogen is found in beef, raw milk and produce?
SLT E. Coli
Which pathogen is found in soft cheeses, raw milk and deli meats?
*can cause neonatal meningitis or kill the fetus
What is the incubation time for the hysteria reaction?
What is the incubation time for B. Cereus, S. Aureus, and chemicals/heavy metals/shellfish toxins?
What is the incubation time for Botulism and clostridium perfringenes?
What is the incubation time for Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Campylobacter, yersenia enterocoliticia and viruses?
A day or so
What is the incubation time for clostridium difficile, giardia and amoebas?
Days to weeks
What is the most important treatment for diarrhea?