06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Flashcards Preview

NAVEDTRA 14295B HOSPITAL CORPSMAN > 06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY > Flashcards

Flashcards in 06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Deck (147)
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31

The skin contains what two types of nerve fibers?

Motor
Sensory

32

Appendages of the skin?

Nails
Hair
Sebaceous glands
Sweat glands
Ceruminous glands

33

What small muscle causes goose bumps?

Arrector

34

Sebaceous glands are not found in?

Soles of feet and palms of hand

35

How much sweat is excreted daily?

1 Liter

36

The skeleton consists of how many bones?

206

37

Study of the structure of bone?

Osteology

38

Bone is made up of what?

MINERAL SALTS (calcium & phosphorus)

OSSEIN (organic)

39

Hard outer shell of bone?

COMPACT BONE

40

Inner spongy portion of bone?

Cancellous tissue

41

Center of bone?

Medullary Canal (contains marrow)

42

Smooth glossy tissue that forms joint surfaces?

Articular cartilage

43

Thin outer membrane surrounding the bone?

Periosteum

44

Known as the pain center of the bone?

Periosteum

45

Shaft of the bone?

Diaphysis

46

Ends of bone?

Epiphyses

47

4 BONE CLASSIFICATIONS?

*LONG (femur, humerus)
*SHORT (wrist ankle)
*FLAT (skull, sternum, scapula)
*IRREGULAR (vertebrae, mandible, pelvic)

48

Axial skeleton consists of?

skull, the vertebral column, thorax

49

Skull consists of how many bones?

28

50

8 major bones in cranium?

Frontal
Parietal
Temporal
Occipital
Ethmoid
Sphenoid

51

The facial skeleton consists of how many stationary bones?

14

52

Bones responsible for prominence of cheeks?

Zygomatic

53

Bones on side of skull "fan shaped"

Temporal bones

54

Opening in which nerve fibers from brain pass and enter into spinal cord?

Foramen Magnum

55

Nerves responsible for sense of smell pass through small openings of what bone?

Ethmoid

56

Bone that forms the floor and side of orbits?

Sphenoid

57

L shaped bone that forms the floor of nasal cavity

Palatine

58

Knuckle shaped head of mandible?

Condyloid process

59

Forms the septum

Vomer & Ethmoid bones

60

Helps lift mandible to close mouth?

Coronoid process