06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Flashcards Preview

NAVEDTRA 14295B HOSPITAL CORPSMAN > 06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY > Flashcards

Flashcards in 06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Deck (147)
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91

Shin bone?

Tibia

92

Name for ankle?

Tarsus

93

Seven tarsal bones that form the ankle?

Medial Cuneiform
Intermediate Cuneiform
Lateral Cuneiform
Cuboid
Navicular
Talus
Calcaneus (strongest)

94

The foot has how many metatarsal bones?

5

95

Joints are classified how?

by the amount of movement they permit

96

Bones of the skull are an example of what type of joint?

Synarthroses (immoveable)

97

Vertebrae are an example of what type of joint?

Amphiarthroses (slightly moveable)

98

Six types of moveable joints?

Ball-in-socket
Condyloid
Gliding
Hinge
Pivot
Saddle

99

Sprain

Torn Ligaments

100

4 joint movements?

Gliding
Angular
Rotation
Circumduction

101

Types of angular motion?

Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
Rotation
Circumduction
--------------------
OTHER TYPES:
Supination
Pronation
Inversion
Eversion

102

TMJ consists of 3 bony parts?

Glenoid fossa
Articular eminence
Condyle

103

Tendons attach?

Muscle to Bone

104

Three-fold function of muscle?

Providing movement
Posture
Heat

105

A contracting muscle is referred to as?

Prime Mover

106

A relaxing muscle is known as an?

Antagonist

107

A muscles response to stimulus?

Excitability or irritability

108

Chemical action of muscle fibers consists of what two stages?

Contraction (actin & myosin)
Recovery

109

Chemical waste produced by muscle contraction?

Carbon dioxide
Lactic acid
Phosphate

110

Types of muscle contraction?

Isometric
Isotonic

111

Rigor mortis sets in what time frame?

10 minutes to several hours

112

3 types of muscle tissue?

Skeletal
Smooth
Cardiac

113

Muscles are attached in what two places?

ORIGIN: Immovable
INSERTION: Moveable

114

How many pairs of muscle make chewing movements possible?

4

*** 3 pairs elevate the mandible ***
*** 1 pair depresses mandible ***

115

Muscle that prevents food from escaping the chewing action of the teeth?

Buccinator

116

Anchors the tongue in the midline to the floor of the mouth.

Lingual Frenulum

117

Provides the tongue with friction in handling food and acts as taste buds?

Papillae

118

4 types of taste sensations are?

Sweet
Sour
Bitter
Salty

119

Muscles that form the floor of mouth?

Mylohyoid

120

The health of this structure in the mouth affects the health of the entire body?

Teeth