1.06 - PNS - Neurology of Communication Flashcards Preview

Speech Anatomy & Physiology > 1.06 - PNS - Neurology of Communication > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.06 - PNS - Neurology of Communication Deck (89)
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61

Does the Nervous System tell muscles how strongly to contract and for how long to stay contracted?

Yes

62

Does the Nervous System tell muscles when NOT to contract, or when to stop contracting?

Yes

63

Does the Nervous System tell muscles set the patterns of contractions that will meet the goals of the message (inflection, speaking rate, etc)?

Yes

64

Does the Nervous System require an interactive system?

Yes

65

Does the Nervous System scale movements?

Yes

66

Does the Nervous System update commands based on feedback (auditory, kinesthetic, air pressures, etc)?

Yes

67

Does the Nervous System coordinate movements in time and space to achieve the desired acoustic output?

Yes

68

What does a Direct Neural Pathway accomplish?

Muscle Activation

69

What is the Direct Neural Pathway?

UMN (Cortex) ->

LMN (Nerve) ->

Muscle

70

What does a Indirect Neural Pathway accomplish?

Regulating Muscle Tone

71

What is the Indirect Neural Pathway?

Subcortical Structures UMN (Cortex)  ->   [work in unison]

LMN (Nerve) ->

Muscle

72

What sort of muscle is innervated by Indirect Neural Pathways?

Smooth muscle

73

What does the Basal Ganglia Circuit accomplish?

Scaling Motor Programs (How big/small to make them)

74

What is the Basal Ganglia Circuit pathway?

Cortex (UMN) ->

Basal Ganglia ->

Cortex (UMN) ->

Nerve (LMN) ->

Muscle

75

What does the Cerebellar Circuit accomplish?

Monitoring & adjusting movements

76

What is the Cerebellar Circuit pathway?

Cortex (UMN) ->

Cerebellum ->

Cortex (UMN) ->

Nerve (LMN) ->

Muscle

77

Both the Basal Ganglia & Cerebellar Circuits _________ before "___________".

Communicate with multiple brain regions

Giving the indirect pathway their information

78

The Basal Ganglia & Cerebellar Circuits influence movement but never _______.

Descend to the LMN

79

Label the following:

A = Motor Area of the Cortex

B = Internal Capsule

C = Geniculate Fibers

D = Decussation of Pyramids

E = Anterior Cerebrospinal Fasciculus

F = Lateral Cerebrospinal Fasiculus

G = Anterior Nerve Roots

80

Label the following:

A = Glossalpharyngeal Nerve (IX)

B = Vagus Nerve (X)

C = Hypoglossal Nerve (XII)

D = Accessory Nerve (XI)

E = First Cervical Spinal Nerve

F = Spinal Root of Accessory Nerve (XI)

81

Label the following:

A = Cervical Vertebrae

B = Thoracic Vertebrae

C = Lumbar Vertebrae

D = Sacral Vertebrae

82

What is this?

Trigeminal Nerve

83

What number is the Trigeminal Nerve? What is its focus?

V

Chewing

84

What number is the Facial Nerve? What is its focus?

VII

Facial Expression

85

What number is the Auditory-Vestibular Nerve? What is its focus?

VIII

Hearing & Balance

86

What number is the Glossopharyngeal Nerve? What is its focus?

IX

Tongue & Palate

87

What number is the Vagus Nerve? What is its focus?

X

Pharynx & Larynx

88

What number is the Spinal Accessory Nerve? What is its focus?

XI

Neck

89

What number is the Hypoglossal Nerve? What is its focus?

XII

Tongue