Flashcards in 115 Unit 3 Deck (60)
What are the cardinal vital signs?
____ is the temperature of deep tissues.
Widening of blood vessels.
Narrowing of blood vessels.
____ occurs primarily in neonates because they cannot shiver, a limited amount of vascular brown adipose tissue present at birth can be metabolized for heat production.
____ drastically lowers body temperature and typically presents on the forehead, upper chest, and arms.
____ is another term for fever.
____ occurs because heat loss mechanisms are unable to keep pace with excess heat production, resulting in an abnormal rise in body temperature.
____ is pertaining to or characterized by an elevated body temperature.
____ is being without fever.
____ are medications that reduce fever.
____ is a dangerous heat emergency, defined as a body temperature of 40.2 C (104.4 F) or more.
____ is heat loss during prolonged exposure to cold overwhelms the ability of the body to produce heat.
4 Patterns of fever.
____ rely on thermal radiation from the ear canal, tympanic membrane, axilla, and temporal artery to measure body temperature.
____ contains a probe connected to a microprocessor chip, which translates signals into degrees and sends a temperature measurement to a digital display
____ is an abnormally elevated heart rate, more than 100 bpm.
____ is a slow heart rate, less than 60 bpm.
____ is the deviation from the normal pattern of the heartbeat.
____ is created by an inefficient contraction of the heart that fails to transmit a pulse wave to the peripheral pulse.
____ is the difference between systolic and diastolic pressure.
____ is the most common alteration in blood pressure, and often an asymptomatic disorder characterized by persistently elevated bp greater than 140/90.
____ is the term for a blood pressure less than 90/60.
____ is referred to as postural hypotension. (a reduction of systolic of at least 20 and a reduction of diastolic of at least 10 within 3 minutes of standing.)
____ is the devices for measuring the arterial blood pressure that consists of an arm or leg cuff with an air bladder connected to a tube and a bulb for pumping air into the bladder and a gauge for indicating the amount of air pressure being exerted against the artery.
____ is a clear, rhythmic tapping series that corresponds to the pulse rate and gradually increases in intensity.
____ is the disappearance of sound when abstaining a blood pressure; typically occurs between the first and second Korotkoff sounds.
____ is the mechanical movement of gases into an out of the lungs.
____ is the distribution of red blood cells to and from the pulmonary capillaries.