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Flashcards in 115 Unit 3 Deck (60)
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1

What are the cardinal vital signs?

Temperature
Pulse
Respiration
BP
O2 Saturation

2

____ is the temperature of deep tissues.

Core Temperature

3

Widening of blood vessels.

Vasodilation

4

Narrowing of blood vessels.

Vasoconstriction

5

____ occurs primarily in neonates because they cannot shiver, a limited amount of vascular brown adipose tissue present at birth can be metabolized for heat production.

Nonshivering thermogenesis

6

____ drastically lowers body temperature and typically presents on the forehead, upper chest, and arms.

Diaphoresis.

7

____ is another term for fever.

Pyrexia

8

____ occurs because heat loss mechanisms are unable to keep pace with excess heat production, resulting in an abnormal rise in body temperature.

Fever/Pyrexia

9

____ is pertaining to or characterized by an elevated body temperature.

Febrile

10

____ is being without fever.

Afebrile

11

____ are medications that reduce fever.

Antipyretics

12

____ is a dangerous heat emergency, defined as a body temperature of 40.2 C (104.4 F) or more.

Heat Stroke

13

____ is heat loss during prolonged exposure to cold overwhelms the ability of the body to produce heat.

Hypothermia

14

4 Patterns of fever.

Sustained
Intermittent
Remittent
Relapsing

15

____ rely on thermal radiation from the ear canal, tympanic membrane, axilla, and temporal artery to measure body temperature.

Infrared thermometers

16

____ contains a probe connected to a microprocessor chip, which translates signals into degrees and sends a temperature measurement to a digital display

Digital Thermometer

17

____ is an abnormally elevated heart rate, more than 100 bpm.

Tachycardia

18

____ is a slow heart rate, less than 60 bpm.

Bradycardia

19

____ is the deviation from the normal pattern of the heartbeat.

Dysrhythmia

20

____ is created by an inefficient contraction of the heart that fails to transmit a pulse wave to the peripheral pulse.

Pulse Deficit

21

____ is the difference between systolic and diastolic pressure.

Pulse pressure

22

____ is the most common alteration in blood pressure, and often an asymptomatic disorder characterized by persistently elevated bp greater than 140/90.

Hypertension

23

____ is the term for a blood pressure less than 90/60.

Hypotension

24

____ is referred to as postural hypotension. (a reduction of systolic of at least 20 and a reduction of diastolic of at least 10 within 3 minutes of standing.)

Orthostatic Hypotension

25

____ is the devices for measuring the arterial blood pressure that consists of an arm or leg cuff with an air bladder connected to a tube and a bulb for pumping air into the bladder and a gauge for indicating the amount of air pressure being exerted against the artery.

Sphygmomanometer

26

____ is a clear, rhythmic tapping series that corresponds to the pulse rate and gradually increases in intensity.

Korotkoff sound

27

____ is the disappearance of sound when abstaining a blood pressure; typically occurs between the first and second Korotkoff sounds.

Auscultatory Gap

28

____ is the mechanical movement of gases into an out of the lungs.

Ventilation

29

____ is the distribution of red blood cells to and from the pulmonary capillaries.

Perfusion

30

____ is the term for the normal rate and depth of ventilation.

Eupnea