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Flashcards in 115 Unit 7 Deck (76)
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1

____ is a basic component of health and is essential for normal growth and development, tissue maintenance and repair, cellular metabolism, and organ function.

Nutrition

2

____ is a chemical substance that provides nourishment and affects metabolic and nutritive processes.

Nutrients

3

____ are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Ar starches and sugars that are obtained mainly from plant foods, with the exception of lactose.

Carbohydrates

4

____ are the building blocks of proteins and are made of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogens.

Amino Acids

5

____ are the most important components of proteins in the human body and are essential for synthesis of body tissue in growth, maintenance, and repair.

Amino Acids

6

____ are compounds that are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol and acetone.

Lipids (fats)

7

____ are made up of triglycerides and fatty acids and are a source of energy, providing 9kcal/g.

Lipids

8

____ are organic substances resent in small amounts in foods and are essential for normal metabolism.

Vitamins

9

____ are inorganic elements that catalyze biochemical reactions.

Minerals

10

____ refers to all of the bodily biochemical and physiological processes.

Metabolism

11

Nutrients are converted into necessary substances for cell function through what?

Metabolism

12

2 basic types of metabolism.

Catabolism & Metabolism

13

____ is the production of more complex chemical substances by synthesis of nutrients needed to build or repair body tissue.

Anabolism

14

____ is the breakdown of body tissues into simpler substances.

Catabolism

15

The liver and muscles store glucose in the form of glycogen through what process?

Glycogenesis

16

____ is a process that converts glucose to fat for storage?

Lipogenesis

17

What is the process that breaks down fat and amino acids for conversion to glucose when energy needs exceed glycogen storage.

Gluconeogenesis

18

____ represents the energy needs of a person at rest after awakening.

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)

19

____ is a calculation based on height and weight in children and adults that is a reliable indicator of body fat.

Body Mass Index (BMI)

20

____ is a systematic measurement of the size and makeup of the body using height and weight as the principal measures.

Anthropometry

21

____ refers to difficulty with swallowing.

Dysphagia

22

____ refers to difficulty with swallowing.

Dysphagia

23

____ refers to administration of nutrients and fluid into the stomach or intestinal tract via a feeding tube.

Enteral Nutrition

24

____ is the administration of a solution consisting of glucose, amino acids, minerals, electrolytes, trace elements, and vitamins through a peripheral or central venous catheter.

Parenteral Nutrition

25

____ is the use of specific nutritional therapies to treat an illness, injury, or condition.

Medical nutrition therapy

26

____ is information on each vitamin or mineral to reflect a range of minimum maximum amounts that avert deficiency or toxicity.

Dietary Reference Intake (DRI)

27

____ is a hollow tube inserted into the jejunum through the abdominal wall for administration of liquefied foods to patients who have a high risk of aspiration.

Jejunostomy tube

28

____ is a fatty acid in which some of he carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain are joined by double or triple bonds. Has only one or trible bond per molecule and are found as components of fats in such foods as fowls, almonds, pecans, cashews, peanuts and olive oil.

Monounsaturated Fatty Acid

29

____ is a fatty acid in which some of he carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain are joined by double or triple bonds. Has only one or trible bond per molecule and are found as components of fats in such foods as fowls, almonds, pecans, cashews, peanuts and olive oil.

Monounsaturated Fatty Acid

30

____ is a fatty acid that has two or more carbon double bonds.

Polyunsaturated fatty acid