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Flashcards in 115 Unit 6 Deck (77)
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1

____ are safeguards designed to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious agents through the air a person breathes.

Airborne Precautions

2

____ are immunoglobulins, essential to the immune system, that are produced by lymphoid tissue in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens.

Antibodies

3

____ is a substance usually a protein, that causes the formation of an antibody and reacts specifically with that antibody.

Antigen

4

____ is the absence of germs or microorganisms.

Asepsis

5

____ is any health care procedure in which added precautions are used to proven contamination of a person, object, or area y microorganisms.

Aseptic Technique

6

____ are persons or animals who harbor and spread an organism that causes disease in others but do not become ill.

Carriers

7

____ is the presence and multiplication of microorganisms without tissue invasion or damage.

Colonization

8

____ is any disease that can be transmitted from one person or animal to another by direct or indirect contact or by vectors.

Communicable disease

9

____ are safeguards designed to reduce risk of transmission of epidemiologically important microorganisms by direct or indirect contact.

Contact Precautions

10

____ is the process of destroying all pathogenic organisms, except spores.

Disinfection

11

____ are safeguards designed to reduce the risk of droplet transmission of infectious agents.

Droplet Precautions

12

____ are infections produced within a cell or organism.

Endogenous Infections

13

____ is an infection originating outside an organ or part.

Exogenous Infection

14

____ are microorganisms that live on or within a body to compete with disease-producing microorganisms and provide a natural immunity against certain infections.

Flora

15

____ is an infection that was not present or incubating at the time of admission to a health care setting.

Health Care Acquired Infection

16

____ is the quality of being insusceptible to or unaffected by a particular disease or condition.

Immunity

17

____ is the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that reproduce and multiply.

Infection

18

____ is a protective response of body tissues to irritation or injury.

Inflammation

19

____ are procedures used to reduce the number of microorganisms and prevent their spread.

Medical asepsis

20

____ are microscopic entities, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, capable of carrying on living processes.

Microorganisms

21

____ is of or pertaining to the death of tissue in response to disease or injury.

Necrotic

22

____ is the ability of a pathogenic agent to produce a disease.

Pathogenicity

23

____ are microorganisms capable of producing disease.

Pathogens

24

____ is a place where microorganisms survive, multiply, and await transfer to a susceptible host.

Reservoir

25

____ are guidelines recommended by the CDC to reduce risk of transmission of blood-borne and other pathogens in hospitals.

Standard Precautions

26

____ is a technique for destroying microorganisms using heat, water, chemicals, or gases.

Sterilization

27

____ is a secondary infection usually caused by an opportunistic pathogen.

Suprainfection

28

____ are procedures used to eliminate any microorganisms from an area. Also called sterile technique.

Surgical asepsis.

29

____ is the ability of an organism to rapidly produce disease.

Virulence

30

____ is the term for an illness that do not have clinical signs and symptoms present.

Asymptomatic