Flashcards in 115 Unit 6 Deck (77)
____ are safeguards designed to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious agents through the air a person breathes.
____ are immunoglobulins, essential to the immune system, that are produced by lymphoid tissue in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens.
____ is a substance usually a protein, that causes the formation of an antibody and reacts specifically with that antibody.
____ is the absence of germs or microorganisms.
____ is any health care procedure in which added precautions are used to proven contamination of a person, object, or area y microorganisms.
____ are persons or animals who harbor and spread an organism that causes disease in others but do not become ill.
____ is the presence and multiplication of microorganisms without tissue invasion or damage.
____ is any disease that can be transmitted from one person or animal to another by direct or indirect contact or by vectors.
____ are safeguards designed to reduce risk of transmission of epidemiologically important microorganisms by direct or indirect contact.
____ is the process of destroying all pathogenic organisms, except spores.
____ are safeguards designed to reduce the risk of droplet transmission of infectious agents.
____ are infections produced within a cell or organism.
____ is an infection originating outside an organ or part.
____ are microorganisms that live on or within a body to compete with disease-producing microorganisms and provide a natural immunity against certain infections.
____ is an infection that was not present or incubating at the time of admission to a health care setting.
Health Care Acquired Infection
____ is the quality of being insusceptible to or unaffected by a particular disease or condition.
____ is the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that reproduce and multiply.
____ is a protective response of body tissues to irritation or injury.
____ are procedures used to reduce the number of microorganisms and prevent their spread.
____ are microscopic entities, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, capable of carrying on living processes.
____ is of or pertaining to the death of tissue in response to disease or injury.
____ is the ability of a pathogenic agent to produce a disease.
____ are microorganisms capable of producing disease.
____ is a place where microorganisms survive, multiply, and await transfer to a susceptible host.
____ are guidelines recommended by the CDC to reduce risk of transmission of blood-borne and other pathogens in hospitals.
____ is a technique for destroying microorganisms using heat, water, chemicals, or gases.
____ is a secondary infection usually caused by an opportunistic pathogen.
____ are procedures used to eliminate any microorganisms from an area. Also called sterile technique.
____ is the ability of an organism to rapidly produce disease.
____ is the term for an illness that do not have clinical signs and symptoms present.
____ is a protective reaction that neutralizes pathogens and repairs body cells.
If pathogens multiply and cause clinical signs and symptoms the infections is termed ____.
____ are precautions used with patient who have communicable diseases and infections that are easily transmissible to others.
____ are activities usually perfumed in the course of a normal day in the patient's life, such as eating, dressing, bathing, brushing teeth, or grooming.
____ is a kind or amount of exercise or work a person is able to perform
____ is the body measures of height, weight, and skin folds to evaluate muscle atrophy.
____ is the placement of the patient in bed for therapeutic reasons for a prescribed period.
____ is the destruction of bone cells and release of calcium into the blood.
____ is reductions in skeletal mass routinely accompanying immobility or paralysis.
____ is the increased rate of formation and excretion of urine.
____ is an abnormal neuromuscular condition of the lower leg and foot, characterized by an inability to dorsiflex, or evert the foot.
____ is pneumonia that results fro fluid accumulation as a result of inactivity.
____ is the inability to move about freely, caused by any condition in which movement is immured or therapeutically restricted.
____ are activities that are necessary to be independent in society beyond eating, grooming, transferring, and toiling and include such skills as shopping, preparing meals, banking, and taking meds.
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL's)
____ is the decreased blood supply to a body part, such as skin tissue, or to an organ, such as the heart.
____ is the abnormality that may result in permanent condition of a joint, is characterized by flexion and fixation, and is caused by disuse, atrophy, and shortening of muscle fibers and surrounding joint tissues.
____ is a person's ability to move about freely.
____ is a condition occurring when the body excretes more nitrogen than it takes in.
Negative Nitrogen Balance
____ is the abnormally low blood pressure occurring when a person stands up.
____ is a disorder characterized by abnormal rarefaction of bone, occurring most frequently in postmenopausal women, in sedentary or immobilized individuals, and in patines on long-term steroid therapy.
____ are fractures resulting from weekend bone tissue; frequently caused by osteoporosis or neoplasms.
____ s the accumulation of platelets, fibrin, clotting factors, and the cellular elements of the blood attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery, sometimes occluding the lumen of the vessel.
____ is a term that means the individual's center of gravity is stable.
____ is the scraping or rubbing away of the epidermis the may result in localized bleeding and later weeping of serous fluid.
____ are bandages made of large pieces of material to fit specific body parts.
____ is the redness of the skin due to dilation of the superficial capillaries. When pressure is applied to the skin, the area blanches, or turns a lighter color.
____ is a soft pad of gauze or cloth used to apply heat, cold, or medications to the surface fox body part.
____ is the removal of dead tissue from a wound.
____ is the separation of a wound's edges, revealing underlying tissues.
____ is the discoloration of the skin or bruise caused by leakage of blood into subcutaneous tissues as a result of trauma to underlying tissues.
____ is a thick layer of dead, dry tissue that covers a pressure ulcer or thermal burn; it may be allowed to be a sloughed off naturally or it may need to be surgically removed.
____ is the protrusion of visceral organs through a surgical wound.
____ is the effect of rubbing or the resistance that a moving body meets from the surface non which it moves; a force that occurs in a direction to oppose movement.
____ is soft pink, fleshy projections of tissue that form during the healing process in a wound no healing by primary intention.
____ is a collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the skin or an organ.
____ is the termination of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means or by the coagulation process of the body.
____ is the hardening of a tissue, particularly the skin, because of edema or inflammation.
____ is a torn, jagged wound.
____ is the softening and breaking down of skin from prolonged exposure to moisture.
____ is the redness of the skin due to dilation of the superficial capillaries. The redness persist when prissier is applied to the area, indicating tissue damage.
____ is the inflammation sore or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence.
____ is the primary union of the edges of a wound, progression to complete scar formation without granulation
____ is the wound closure in which the edges are separated, granulation tissue develops to fill the gap and finally, epithelium grows in over the granulation, producing a larger scar than results with primary intention.
____ is the force exerted against the skin while the kin remains stationary and the bony structures move.
____ is a bath in which only the hips or buttocks are immersed in fluid.
____ is the point at which tissues receive insufficient oxygen and perfusion.