Flashcards in GI part 2 Deck (48)
____ is an acute inflammation of the vermiform appendix that occurs most often among young adults. The most common cause of RLQ pain.
____ is the removal of the inflamed appendix by one of several surgical approaches.
____ is a minimally invasie surgical procedure with one or more small incisions near the umbilicus through which a small endoscope is placed.
____ is an open surgical approach with a large abdominal incision for complicated or atypical appendicitis or peritonitis.
____ is a life threatening acute inflammation/infection of the visceral/parietal peritoneum and endothelial lining of the abdominal cavity. Causes board like abdominal rigidity.
____ is the bacterial invasion of the blood.
____ is a very common health problem worldwide that causes diarrhea and/or vomiting as a result of inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestinal tract.
____ creates widespread inflammation of mainly the rectum and rectosigmoid colon but can extend to the entire colon when the disease is extensive.
____ is an unpleasant and urgent sensation to defecate. Common in Ulcerative Colitis
____ is the massive dilation of the colon that can lead to gangrene and peritonitis.
____ is a procedure in which a loop of the ileum is placed through an opening in the abdominal wall creating a stoma.
____ is is an opening in the abdominal wall for drainage of fecal material into a pushing system worn on the abdomen.
____ is a term for a pt with an ostomy.
____ are abnormal openings between two organs or structures.
____ is a deadly infection that affects the brain and can be caused by natalizumab.
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
____ is the present of many abnormal suchlike herniation s (diverticula) in the wall of the intestine.
____ is the inflammation of diverticula.
____ is a localized are of induration and pus caused by inflammation of the soft tissue near the rectum or anus.
____ is a tear in the anal lining, which can be very painful
____ is a term for painful intercourse.
____ is the term for a blockage that can cause inflammation among other problems.
____ is the inflammation of the gallbladder that affects many people. Can be acute or chronic.
____ the most common type of acute cholecystitis is ____.
____ is the term for gallstones.
____ occurs when a chemical irritation and inflammation results from gallstones that obstruct the cystic duct, gallbladder neck, or common bile duct.
____ is the cholecystitis that occurs without gallstones, and is typically associated with biliary stasis caused by andy condition that affects the regular filling or emptying of the gallbladder.
____ is the yellow discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.
____ is the yellow discoloration of the sclera
____ is a term for the itching or burning sensation that can be caused by a accumulation of bile salts.
____ is a pain that is produced by obstruction of the cystic duct of the gallbladder or movement of one or more stones.
____ is a surgical removal of the gallbladder.
____ is a term for the symptoms of repeated abdominal or epigastric pain with vomiting/diarrhea that may occur several weeks to months post cholecystectomy.
Post Cholecystectomy Syndrome
____ is a serious and sometimes life threatening inflammation of the pancreas.
____ is a term for diffusely bleeding pancreatic tissue with fibrosis and tissue death.
Necrotizing Hemorrhagic Pancreatitis.
____ is a term for an intense pain the feels as if it is going through the body, is continuous, and is worsened by lying supine.
____ is the opening of the sphincter of Oddi.
____ is a progressive, destructive disease of the pancreas that has remissions and exacerbations.
____ develops from inflammation, spasm, and obstruction of the sphincter of Oddi, often from gallstones.
Chronic Obstructive Pancreatitis
____ is a chronic inflammatory process in which immunoglobulin invade the pancreas.
____ are the most serious complication of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. If untreated, they are always fatal. High recurrence rate.
____ is a term for false cysts because they do not have an epithelial lining.
____ is the enlargement of the liver up to 2-3 times its normal size.
____ is a term for abdominal fluid. May be observed as distention and swelling.
____ is a procedure that involves extensive surgical manipulation and is used most often to treat cancer of the head of the pancreas. Removes the proximal head of pancreas, the duodenum, a portion of the jejunum, the stomach, and the gallbladder with anastomosis of the pancreatic duct, the common bile duct and the stomach to the jejunum.
____ is the anastomosis of the pancreatic duct to the jejunum.
____the the anastomosis of the common bile duct to the jejunum.
____ is the anastomosis of the stomach to the jejunum.