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Flashcards in GI part 2 Deck (48)
1

____ is an acute inflammation of the vermiform appendix that occurs most often among young adults. The most common cause of RLQ pain.

Appendicitis

2

____ is the removal of the inflamed appendix by one of several surgical approaches.

Appendectomy

3

____ is a minimally invasie surgical procedure with one or more small incisions near the umbilicus through which a small endoscope is placed.

Laparoscopy

4

____ is an open surgical approach with a large abdominal incision for complicated or atypical appendicitis or peritonitis.

Laparotomy

5

____ is a life threatening acute inflammation/infection of the visceral/parietal peritoneum and endothelial lining of the abdominal cavity. Causes board like abdominal rigidity.

Peritonitis

6

____ is the bacterial invasion of the blood.

Septicemia

7

____ is a very common health problem worldwide that causes diarrhea and/or vomiting as a result of inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestinal tract.

Gastroenteriteis

8

____ creates widespread inflammation of mainly the rectum and rectosigmoid colon but can extend to the entire colon when the disease is extensive.

Ulcerative Colitis

9

____ is an unpleasant and urgent sensation to defecate. Common in Ulcerative Colitis

Tenesmus.

10

____ is the massive dilation of the colon that can lead to gangrene and peritonitis.

Toxic Megacolon

11

____ is a procedure in which a loop of the ileum is placed through an opening in the abdominal wall creating a stoma.

Ileostomy

12

____ is is an opening in the abdominal wall for drainage of fecal material into a pushing system worn on the abdomen.

Stoma

13

____ is a term for a pt with an ostomy.

Ostomate

14

____ are abnormal openings between two organs or structures.

Fistulas

15

____ is a deadly infection that affects the brain and can be caused by natalizumab.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

16

____ is the present of many abnormal suchlike herniation s (diverticula) in the wall of the intestine.

Diverticulosis

17

____ is the inflammation of diverticula.

Diverticulitis

18

____ is a localized are of induration and pus caused by inflammation of the soft tissue near the rectum or anus.

Anorectal abscess.

19

____ is a tear in the anal lining, which can be very painful

Anal Fissure

20

____ is a term for painful intercourse.

Dyspareunia

21

____ is the term for a blockage that can cause inflammation among other problems.

Obstruction

22

____ is the inflammation of the gallbladder that affects many people. Can be acute or chronic.

Cholecystitis

23

____ the most common type of acute cholecystitis is ____.

Calculous cholecystitis

24

____ is the term for gallstones.

Cholelithiasis

25

____ occurs when a chemical irritation and inflammation results from gallstones that obstruct the cystic duct, gallbladder neck, or common bile duct.

Calculous Cholecystitis

26

____ is the cholecystitis that occurs without gallstones, and is typically associated with biliary stasis caused by andy condition that affects the regular filling or emptying of the gallbladder.

Acalculous Cholecystitis

27

____ is the yellow discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.

jaundice

28

____ is the yellow discoloration of the sclera

Icterus

29

____ is a term for the itching or burning sensation that can be caused by a accumulation of bile salts.

Pruritus

30

____ is a pain that is produced by obstruction of the cystic duct of the gallbladder or movement of one or more stones.

Biliary Colic

31

____ is a surgical removal of the gallbladder.

Cholecystectomy

32

____ is a term for the symptoms of repeated abdominal or epigastric pain with vomiting/diarrhea that may occur several weeks to months post cholecystectomy.

PCS
Post Cholecystectomy Syndrome

33

____ is a serious and sometimes life threatening inflammation of the pancreas.

Acute pancreatitis

34

____ is a term for diffusely bleeding pancreatic tissue with fibrosis and tissue death.

Necrotizing Hemorrhagic Pancreatitis.
NHP

35

____ is a term for an intense pain the feels as if it is going through the body, is continuous, and is worsened by lying supine.

Boring

36

____ is the opening of the sphincter of Oddi.

Sphincterotomy

37

____ is a progressive, destructive disease of the pancreas that has remissions and exacerbations.

Chronic Pancreatitis

38

____ develops from inflammation, spasm, and obstruction of the sphincter of Oddi, often from gallstones.

Chronic Obstructive Pancreatitis

39

____ is a chronic inflammatory process in which immunoglobulin invade the pancreas.

Autoimmune pancreatitis

40

____ are the most serious complication of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. If untreated, they are always fatal. High recurrence rate.

Pancreatic Abscesses

41

____ is a term for false cysts because they do not have an epithelial lining.

Pancreatic Pseudocysts

42

____ is the enlargement of the liver up to 2-3 times its normal size.

hepatomegaly

43

____ is a term for abdominal fluid. May be observed as distention and swelling.

Ascites

44

____ is a procedure that involves extensive surgical manipulation and is used most often to treat cancer of the head of the pancreas. Removes the proximal head of pancreas, the duodenum, a portion of the jejunum, the stomach, and the gallbladder with anastomosis of the pancreatic duct, the common bile duct and the stomach to the jejunum.

Whipple Procedure
(radical pancreaticoduodenectomy)

45

____ is the anastomosis of the pancreatic duct to the jejunum.

Pancreaticojejunostomy

46

____the the anastomosis of the common bile duct to the jejunum.

Choledochojejunostomy

47

____ is the anastomosis of the stomach to the jejunum.

Gastojejunostomy

48

____ is the removal of the spleen.

Splenectomy