115 Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

Nursing > 115 Unit 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 115 Unit 4 Deck (72)
Loading flashcards...
1

____ is opacity of the lens that distorts images projected onto the retina. Can progress blindness and can occur in one or both eyes.

Cataracts

2

____is an increase of intraocular pressure due to inadequate drainage of aqueous humor or over production of aqueous humor. A leading cause of irreversible blindness.

Glaucoma

3

____ is a disorder that is more common in men, African Americans and the Asian populations.

Glaucoma

4

____ is the separation of two layers of the retina.

Retinal Detachment

5

____ is the leading cause of blindness in people over 75.

Macular Degeneration

6

____ is an object such as dust, gnats, etc. that enter the eye.

Foreign Bodies

7

____ is the inflammation and infection of the conjunctiva. "Pink eye"

Conjunctivitis

8

____ is the inflammation and infection of the external ear.

External otitis

9

____ is the inflammation and infection of the middle ear.

Otitis Media

10

____ is a disorder that results in the prevention of sound transmission because the stapes cannot vibrate and carry sound to the inner ear.

Otosclerosis

11

____ is a disorder due to the adverse effects of meds.

Ototoxicity

12

____ is a disorder that is due to an increased amount of inner ear fluid.

Meniere's Disease

13

____ is to the ear as glaucoma is to the eye.

Meniere's Disease

14

____ is a hearing loss that results from an impairment in transmission of sound from the outer or middle ear or both.

Conductive Hearing Loss

15

____ results from damage to the cochlea or vestibulocochlear nerve.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

16

Three types of sensory problems?

Sensory deficits
Sensory deprivation
Sensory Overload

17

4 major diseases that frequently cause impaired vision in Americans age 40 and over?

Age related macular degeneration
Glaucoma
Cataracts
Diabetic retinopathy

18

____ occurs when problems with sensory reception or perception exists.

Sensory deficit

19

____ occurs when inadequate quality or quantity of stimuli impairs perception.

Sensory deprivation

20

____ occurs when a person receives multiple sensory stimuli, causing the brain to have difficulty distinguishing the stimuli.

Sensory overload

21

____ is a defect in the ability of the lens of the eye to focus light, such as occurs in nearsightedness and farsightedness.

Refractive error

22

____ is the process of responding to the environment through new activity and thinking and changing the existing schema or developing a need schema to deal with the new information.

Accommodation

23

____ is hearing loss associated with aging, that usually involves both a loss of hearing sensitivity and a reduction in the clarity of speech.

Presbycusis

24

____ is the term for ringing in the ears.

Tinnitus

25

____ is the gradual decline n the ability of the lens to accommodate or to focus on close objects. Reduces the ability to see near objects clearly.

Presbyopia

26

____ are adverse events that should never occur in a health care setting.

Never Events

27

____ affects a person's oxygenation by binding strongly with hemoglobin preventing the formation of oxyhemoglobin, and thus reducing the supply of oxygen delivered to the tissues.

Carbon Monoxide

28

____ any microorganism capable of producing an illness.

Pathogen

29

____ is the process by which resistance to an infectious disease is produced or increased.

Immunization

30

____ are medications such as anxiolytics and sedatives used to manage a patient's behavior and are not a standard treatment for a patient's condition.

Chemical restraints