Flashcards in 115 Unit 2 Deck (123)
____ is a "state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is a state of being that people define in relation to their own values, personally, and lifestyle.
____ are person's ideas, convictions, and attitudes about health and illness.
____ consists of three components addresses the relationships between a person's beliefs and behaviors.
Health Belief Model
Which component of the health belief modems is the individual's perception of susceptibility to an illness?
Which component of the health belief model is the patients perception of the seriousness of the illness.
Which component of the health belief model is the likelihood that the patient will take preventive action, such as following low-fat diet, results from the patient's perception of the benefits of and carries of taking action.
____ defines health as a positive, dynamic state, not merely the absence of disease.
Health Promotion Model
What 3 areas does the Health Promotion Model focus on?
Individual Characteristics and Experiences
Behavior-specific cognitions and effects
Which model describes how individuals have to meet a lower-level of needs before they are able to satisfy aa higher-level of needs?
Basic Human Needs Model
How many levels are their in the Basic Human Needs Model?
List the levels of the Basic Human Needs Model in order from lowest to highest.
Basic Physiological Needs
Love and Belongingness
What are the Basic Physiological Needs?
Water, Food, Sleep, and Sex.
What are the Safety Needs?
Establishing stability and consistency. (Security of a home and a family.)
What is an example of Love and Belongingness?
A desire to belong to groups. A need to to feel love by others and to be accepted.
____ results from the mastery of a task and also includes the recognition gained from others.
____ is the desire to become everything that one is capable of becoming. Being concerned with maximizing one's potential.
____ is a model that considered emotional and spiritual well-being, as well as other dimensions of an individual.
Holistic Health Model
____ is generally a comprehensive view of the person as a bio-psychosocial and spiritual being.
To empower patients to engage in their won recovery, thereby assuming some responsibility for health maintenance is the intent of ____.
Holistic Health Model
____ and ____ variables influence how a person thinks and acts and how a person will deal with illness.
Internal & External
4 Internal Variables?
3 External Variables?
____ is a variable that depends on the persons concept of illness.
____ is a variable that includes a person's beliefs about health ad how they are shaped in part by knowledge about body functions and illnesses educational background, and past experiences.
____ is a variable that is includes a person's degree of anxiety or stress and how it influences health beliefs and practices.
____ is a variable that is reflected in how a person lives his or her life, including the values and beliefs exercised, the relationships established with family and friends, and the ability to find hope and meaning in life.
____ is a variable that is reflected in how a person uses health care services to influence their health practices.
____ is a variable that includes the social and economic factors that increase the risk for illness and influence the way in which a person defines and reacts to illness.
____ is a variable that influences a person's beliefs, values, and customs.
____ activities are either passive or active
Health Promotion activities
The city putting fluoride in municipal drinking water would be what type of health promotion activity?
Individuals adopting specific health programs would be what type of health promotion activity?
____ is activities, such as routine exercise and good nutrition, that motivate people to act positively to reach more stable levels of health.
____ teaches people how to care for themselves in a healthy way and include topics such as physical awareness, stress management, and self-responsibility.
____ is activities, such s immunization programs, that protect patients from actual or potential threats to health.
What are the 3 levels of prevention?
____ is true prevention. (Precedes disease or dysfunction and applies to patients considered physically and emotionally healthy.)
___- focuses on people who are experiencing health problems or illnesses and who are at risk for developing complications or worsening conditions.
____ occurs when a defect or disability is permanent, irreversible, and stabilized.
____ are in any situation, habit, environmental condition, physiological condition, or other variable that increases the vulnerability of an individual or a group to an illness or accident.
____ is a state in which a person's physical, emotional, intellectual, social, developmental, or spiritual functioning is diminished or impaired compared to previous experience.
A ____ illness is usually short term and severe.
A ____ illness usually lasts longer than 6 months.
____are behaviors that affect how people monitor their bodies, define and interpret their symptoms, and take remedial actions, and use the health care system.
2 variables that influence Illness behavior.
____ variables influence the way patients behave when they are ill.
____ variables are influencing a patient's illness behavior including the visibility of symptoms, social group, cultural background, economic variables, accessibility of health care, and social support.
3 theories associated with the Caylor School of Nursing.
Maslow's Hierarchy of needs
Roy's Adaptation Model
Erickson's Theory of Development
____ is a professional nurse's approach to identifying, diagnosing, and treating human responses to health and illness.
____ is the deliberate and systematic collection of data about a patient.
Collection and verification of data from a primary source and the analysis of all data as a basis make up what?
____ inclues information about a patient's physical and developmental status, emotional health, social practices and resources, goals, values, lifestyle, and expectations about health care.
Nursing Health History
____ is the physical exam along with the summary of results from laboratory and diagnostic testing is also included in the apt its database.
Nursing Physical Assessment
The purpose of ____ is to establish a database of patient info.
____ are information that you obtain through use of senses.
____ is your judgement or interpretation of the cues.
Name the 2 types of data.
____ are your patient's verbal descriptions of their health problem. (Only provided by patient)
____ are observations or measurements of a patient's health status.
Name some sources of data.
Patient (The best source)
Family/Significant other (Only w/patients permission)
Health Care Team
What is the first step in establishing a database?
Collecting subjective Information while interviewing a patient.
Name the 3 phases of an interview.
____ begins with introducing yourself and your position and explaining the purpose of the interview.
____ is the phase in which you gather information about the patient's health status.
____ is the phase in which you end the interview.
3 techniques one should use in an interview.
Use Open ended Questions.
Use Closed-eded Questions
____ is the practice of giving positive comments such as "all right," "go on," etc. to the speaker.
____ allows a nurse to examine the patient's body to determine his or her state of health.
____ is a clinical judgment about individual, family, or community responses to actual and potential health problems or life processes.
____ is the identification of a disease condition based on a evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, and diagnostic tests and procedures.
____ is an actual or potential physiological complication that nurses monitor to detect the onset of changes in a patient's status.
___- flows from assessment process and includes data clustering, interpretations and analysis identifying patient needs, and formulating nursing diagnosis or collaborative problem.
Nursing Diagnostic Process
____ is the organizing of all of your data into meaningful and useable clusters.
____ is the recognizing of patterns or trends in clustered data, comparing them with standards, and then coming to a reasoned conclusion about patients response to a health problem.
NANDA-I stand for?
North American Nursing Diagnosis Association.
____ is an organization that has developed a model for organizing nursing diagnoses for documentation, auditing, and communication purposes.
5 types of Nursing Diagnoses identified by NANDA-I.
____ is the name of the nursing diagnosis within the NANDA-I taxonomy, that describes the essence of a patient's response to a health condition in as few words as possible.
____ is always within the domain of nursing practice and a condition that responds to nursing interventions.
____ are environmental, physiological, psychological, genetic, or chemical elements that increase the vulnerability of an individual, family, or community to an unhealthful even.
What is the process called when you identify a patient's nursing diagnoses and listing them on the plan of care.
____ involves setting priorities, identifying patient-centered goals and expected outcomes, and prescribing nursing interventions.
____ are observable effect that are the result of an intervention.
____ involve setting priorities, identifying patient-centered goals and expected outcomes, and prescribing nursing interventions.
Stages of Planning
____ is a broad statement that describes the desired changes in a patient's condition or behavior.
____ is a specific and measurable behavior or response that reflects the patient's highest level of wellness.
Patient Centered Goal
Name the components of planning.
Identification and Communication of Outcomes
Institutional and Agency Plans of Care
Concept Map Care Plan
____ is the fourth step of the nursing process and it begins after you develop a care plan. It is the performance of nursing interventions necessary for achieving the pals and expected outcomes.
____ is any treatment, based on clinical augment and knowledge that a nurse performs to enhance patient outcomes.
2 types of Nursing Interventions.
____ are treatment performed through interactions with patients.
Direct Care Interventions
____ are treatments performed away from a patient but on behalf of the patient or group of patients.
Indirect Care Interventions
3 Standard Nursing Interventions.
The NIC Interventions
____ ia document that guides decisions and interventions for specific health care problems or conditions.
____ is a preprinted document containing orders for the conduct of routine therapies, monitoring guidelines, and/or diagnostic procedures for specific patients with identified problems
____ offers a language that nurses can use to describe sets of actions in delivering nursing care used to enhance communication of nursing care across settings and to compare outcomes.
____ ensures efficient, safe, and effective nursing care.
Implementation of Plan of Care
5 Activities of Implementation of Plan of Care.
Reassessing the patient
Reviewing and revising the care plan
Organizing resources and care delivery
Anticipating and preventing complications
____ involve the application of critical thinking in the nursing process.
____ are essential for effective nursing action.
____ require the integration of cognitive and motor activities.
____ is crucial to deciding whether, after interventions have been delivered, a patient's condition or well-being improves.
5 elements of the Evaluation Process.
Identifying evaluative criteria and standards
Collecting data to determine if you met the criteria or standards
Interpreting and summarizing findings
Terminate, continue, or revise care plan
___- is defined as anything written or printed within a patient record.
____ require you to keep information about patients strictly confidential.
Legan and Ethical Obligations
HIPPA stands for?
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
5 characteristics of the guidelines of documentation.
____ applies to a group of people who share values and ways of thinking.
LEARN stands for?
L-listen with empath/understanding
E-explain you perceptions of the problem
A-acknowledge and discuss cultural differences/similarities between you and patient
Emic worldview is
Insider or a Narrative Perspective
Etic worldview is?
___- is a systematic and comprehensive examination of the cultural care values, beliefs, and practices of individuals, families, and communities.
____ is the process in which the health care provider continually strives to work effectively with individuals, families, and communities.
____ gaining in-depth awareness of one's own background, stereotypes, and other assumptions about other people.
___ obtaining knowledge of other cultures
____engaging in cross culture interactions.
____ emphasizes that the central purpose of nursing is to provide culturally congruent care.
Culture Care Theory
____ is the distant discipline to understand cultural similarities.
____ is the balance needed to maintain health and well-being and to cope wit illness.
____ is an awareness of one's inner self and a sense of connection to a higher being/nature.
____ cultural or institutional religion; a person's belief and confidence in something.
____ specific system of practices associated with a form of worship.