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Flashcards in 115 Unit 2 Deck (123)
1

____ is a "state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is a state of being that people define in relation to their own values, personally, and lifestyle.

Health

2

____ are person's ideas, convictions, and attitudes about health and illness.

Health Beliefs

3

____ consists of three components addresses the relationships between a person's beliefs and behaviors.

Health Belief Model

4

Which component of the health belief modems is the individual's perception of susceptibility to an illness?

First Component

5

Which component of the health belief model is the patients perception of the seriousness of the illness.

Second component

6

Which component of the health belief model is the likelihood that the patient will take preventive action, such as following low-fat diet, results from the patient's perception of the benefits of and carries of taking action.

Third component

7

____ defines health as a positive, dynamic state, not merely the absence of disease.

Health Promotion Model

8

What 3 areas does the Health Promotion Model focus on?

Individual Characteristics and Experiences
Behavior-specific cognitions and effects
Behavioral outcomes

9

Which model describes how individuals have to meet a lower-level of needs before they are able to satisfy aa higher-level of needs?

Basic Human Needs Model

10

How many levels are their in the Basic Human Needs Model?

5

11

List the levels of the Basic Human Needs Model in order from lowest to highest.

Basic Physiological Needs
Safety Needs
Love and Belongingness
Self-esteem
Self-actualization

12

What are the Basic Physiological Needs?

Water, Food, Sleep, and Sex.

13

What are the Safety Needs?

Establishing stability and consistency. (Security of a home and a family.)

14

What is an example of Love and Belongingness?

A desire to belong to groups. A need to to feel love by others and to be accepted.

15

____ results from the mastery of a task and also includes the recognition gained from others.

Self-esteem

16

____ is the desire to become everything that one is capable of becoming. Being concerned with maximizing one's potential.

Self-Actualization

17

____ is a model that considered emotional and spiritual well-being, as well as other dimensions of an individual.

Holistic Health Model

18

____ is generally a comprehensive view of the person as a bio-psychosocial and spiritual being.

Holistic Health

19

To empower patients to engage in their won recovery, thereby assuming some responsibility for health maintenance is the intent of ____.

Holistic Health Model

20

____ and ____ variables influence how a person thinks and acts and how a person will deal with illness.

Internal & External

21

4 Internal Variables?

Developmental Stage
Intellectual Background
Emotional Factors
Spiritual Factors

22

3 External Variables?

Family Practices
Socioeconomic Factors
Cultural Background

23

____ is a variable that depends on the persons concept of illness.

Developmental Stage

24

____ is a variable that includes a person's beliefs about health ad how they are shaped in part by knowledge about body functions and illnesses educational background, and past experiences.

Intellectual Background

25

____ is a variable that is includes a person's degree of anxiety or stress and how it influences health beliefs and practices.

Emotional Factors

26

____ is a variable that is reflected in how a person lives his or her life, including the values and beliefs exercised, the relationships established with family and friends, and the ability to find hope and meaning in life.

Spiritual Factors

27

____ is a variable that is reflected in how a person uses health care services to influence their health practices.

Family Practices

28

____ is a variable that includes the social and economic factors that increase the risk for illness and influence the way in which a person defines and reacts to illness.

Socioeconomic Factors

29

____ is a variable that influences a person's beliefs, values, and customs.

Cultural Background

30

____ activities are either passive or active

Health Promotion activities

31

The city putting fluoride in municipal drinking water would be what type of health promotion activity?

Passive

32

Individuals adopting specific health programs would be what type of health promotion activity?

Active

33

____ is activities, such as routine exercise and good nutrition, that motivate people to act positively to reach more stable levels of health.

Health Promotion

34

____ teaches people how to care for themselves in a healthy way and include topics such as physical awareness, stress management, and self-responsibility.

Wellness Education

35

____ is activities, such s immunization programs, that protect patients from actual or potential threats to health.

Illness Prevention

36

What are the 3 levels of prevention?

Primary
Secondary
Tertiary

37

____ is true prevention. (Precedes disease or dysfunction and applies to patients considered physically and emotionally healthy.)

Primary

38

___- focuses on people who are experiencing health problems or illnesses and who are at risk for developing complications or worsening conditions.

Secondary

39

____ occurs when a defect or disability is permanent, irreversible, and stabilized.

Tertiary

40

____ are in any situation, habit, environmental condition, physiological condition, or other variable that increases the vulnerability of an individual or a group to an illness or accident.

Risk Factors

41

____ is a state in which a person's physical, emotional, intellectual, social, developmental, or spiritual functioning is diminished or impaired compared to previous experience.

Illness

42

A ____ illness is usually short term and severe.

Acute

43

A ____ illness usually lasts longer than 6 months.

Chronic

44

____are behaviors that affect how people monitor their bodies, define and interpret their symptoms, and take remedial actions, and use the health care system.

Illness Behavior

45

2 variables that influence Illness behavior.

Internal
External

46

____ variables influence the way patients behave when they are ill.

Internal

47

____ variables are influencing a patient's illness behavior including the visibility of symptoms, social group, cultural background, economic variables, accessibility of health care, and social support.

External

48

3 theories associated with the Caylor School of Nursing.

Maslow's Hierarchy of needs
Roy's Adaptation Model
Erickson's Theory of Development

49

____ is a professional nurse's approach to identifying, diagnosing, and treating human responses to health and illness.

Nursing Process

50

____ is the deliberate and systematic collection of data about a patient.

Assessment

51

Collection and verification of data from a primary source and the analysis of all data as a basis make up what?

An Assessment

52

____ inclues information about a patient's physical and developmental status, emotional health, social practices and resources, goals, values, lifestyle, and expectations about health care.

Nursing Health History

53

____ is the physical exam along with the summary of results from laboratory and diagnostic testing is also included in the apt its database.

Nursing Physical Assessment

54

The purpose of ____ is to establish a database of patient info.

Assessment

55

____ are information that you obtain through use of senses.

Cues

56

____ is your judgement or interpretation of the cues.

Inference

57

Name the 2 types of data.

Subjective
Objective

58

____ are your patient's verbal descriptions of their health problem. (Only provided by patient)

Subjective

59

____ are observations or measurements of a patient's health status.

Objective

60

Name some sources of data.

Patient (The best source)
Family/Significant other (Only w/patients permission)
Health Care Team
Medical Records

61

What is the first step in establishing a database?

Collecting subjective Information while interviewing a patient.

62

Name the 3 phases of an interview.

Orientation phase
Working phase
Termination phase

63

____ begins with introducing yourself and your position and explaining the purpose of the interview.

Orientation Phase

64

____ is the phase in which you gather information about the patient's health status.

Working Phase

65

____ is the phase in which you end the interview.

Termination Phase

66

3 techniques one should use in an interview.

Use Open ended Questions.
Use Back-Channeling
Use Closed-eded Questions

67

____ is the practice of giving positive comments such as "all right," "go on," etc. to the speaker.

Back-Channeling.

68

____ allows a nurse to examine the patient's body to determine his or her state of health.

Physical Examination

69

____ is a clinical judgment about individual, family, or community responses to actual and potential health problems or life processes.

Nursing Diagnosis

70

____ is the identification of a disease condition based on a evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, and diagnostic tests and procedures.

Medical Diagnosis

71

____ is an actual or potential physiological complication that nurses monitor to detect the onset of changes in a patient's status.

Collaborative Problem

72

___- flows from assessment process and includes data clustering, interpretations and analysis identifying patient needs, and formulating nursing diagnosis or collaborative problem.

Nursing Diagnostic Process

73

____ is the organizing of all of your data into meaningful and useable clusters.

Data Clusters

74

____ is the recognizing of patterns or trends in clustered data, comparing them with standards, and then coming to a reasoned conclusion about patients response to a health problem.

Data analysis

75

NANDA-I stand for?

North American Nursing Diagnosis Association.

76

____ is an organization that has developed a model for organizing nursing diagnoses for documentation, auditing, and communication purposes.

NANDA-I

77

5 types of Nursing Diagnoses identified by NANDA-I.

Actual
Health Promotion
Risk
Syndrome
Wellness

78

____ is the name of the nursing diagnosis within the NANDA-I taxonomy, that describes the essence of a patient's response to a health condition in as few words as possible.

Diagnostic Label

79

____ is always within the domain of nursing practice and a condition that responds to nursing interventions.

Etiology

80

____ are environmental, physiological, psychological, genetic, or chemical elements that increase the vulnerability of an individual, family, or community to an unhealthful even.

Risk Factors.

81

What is the process called when you identify a patient's nursing diagnoses and listing them on the plan of care.

Documentation

82

____ involves setting priorities, identifying patient-centered goals and expected outcomes, and prescribing nursing interventions.

Planning

83

____ are observable effect that are the result of an intervention.

Expected Outcomes

84

____ involve setting priorities, identifying patient-centered goals and expected outcomes, and prescribing nursing interventions.

Stages of Planning

85

____ is a broad statement that describes the desired changes in a patient's condition or behavior.

Goal

86

____ is a specific and measurable behavior or response that reflects the patient's highest level of wellness.

Patient Centered Goal

87

Name the components of planning.

Outcome Identification
Prioritization
Identification and Communication of Outcomes
Documentation
Institutional and Agency Plans of Care
Concept Map Care Plan

88

____ is the fourth step of the nursing process and it begins after you develop a care plan. It is the performance of nursing interventions necessary for achieving the pals and expected outcomes.

Implementation

89

____ is any treatment, based on clinical augment and knowledge that a nurse performs to enhance patient outcomes.

Nursing Intervention

90

2 types of Nursing Interventions.

Direct Care
Indirect Care

91

____ are treatment performed through interactions with patients.

Direct Care Interventions

92

____ are treatments performed away from a patient but on behalf of the patient or group of patients.

Indirect Care Interventions

93

3 Standard Nursing Interventions.

Clinical Guidelines
Standing Order
The NIC Interventions

94

____ ia document that guides decisions and interventions for specific health care problems or conditions.

Clinical Guidelines

95

____ is a preprinted document containing orders for the conduct of routine therapies, monitoring guidelines, and/or diagnostic procedures for specific patients with identified problems

Standing Order

96

____ offers a language that nurses can use to describe sets of actions in delivering nursing care used to enhance communication of nursing care across settings and to compare outcomes.

NIC Interventions.

97

____ ensures efficient, safe, and effective nursing care.

Implementation of Plan of Care

98

5 Activities of Implementation of Plan of Care.

Reassessing the patient
Reviewing and revising the care plan
Organizing resources and care delivery
Anticipating and preventing complications
Implementation Skills

99

____ involve the application of critical thinking in the nursing process.

Cognitive Skills

100

____ are essential for effective nursing action.

Interpersonal Skills

101

____ require the integration of cognitive and motor activities.

Psychomotor Skills

102

____ is crucial to deciding whether, after interventions have been delivered, a patient's condition or well-being improves.

Evaluation

103

5 elements of the Evaluation Process.

Identifying evaluative criteria and standards
Collecting data to determine if you met the criteria or standards
Interpreting and summarizing findings
Document findings
Terminate, continue, or revise care plan

104

___- is defined as anything written or printed within a patient record.

Documentation

105

____ require you to keep information about patients strictly confidential.

Legan and Ethical Obligations

106

HIPPA stands for?

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

107

5 characteristics of the guidelines of documentation.

Factual
Accurate
Complete
Current
Organized

108

____ applies to a group of people who share values and ways of thinking.

Culture

109

LEARN stands for?

L-listen with empath/understanding
E-explain you perceptions of the problem
A-acknowledge and discuss cultural differences/similarities between you and patient
R-recommend treatment
N-negatiate agreement

110

Emic worldview is

Insider or a Narrative Perspective

111

Etic worldview is?

Outsider's Perspective

112

___- is a systematic and comprehensive examination of the cultural care values, beliefs, and practices of individuals, families, and communities.

Cultural Assessment

113

____ is the process in which the health care provider continually strives to work effectively with individuals, families, and communities.

Cultural Competence

114

____ gaining in-depth awareness of one's own background, stereotypes, and other assumptions about other people.

Cultural Awareness

115

___ obtaining knowledge of other cultures

Cultural Knowledge

116

____engaging in cross culture interactions.

Cultural Encounters

117

____ emphasizes that the central purpose of nursing is to provide culturally congruent care.

Culture Care Theory

118

____ is the distant discipline to understand cultural similarities.

Transcultural nursing

119

____ is the balance needed to maintain health and well-being and to cope wit illness.

Spiritual Health

120

____ is an awareness of one's inner self and a sense of connection to a higher being/nature.

Spirituality

121

____ cultural or institutional religion; a person's belief and confidence in something.

Faith

122

____ specific system of practices associated with a form of worship.

Religion

123

____ is multidimensional and gives a comfort to patients.

Hope