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Flashcards in 115 Unit 5 Deck (59)
1

____ is the cyclical nature of body functions; functions controlled from within the body are synchronized with environmental factors. Same meaning as biorhythm.

Biological Clock

2

____ is a condition characterized by sudden muscular weakness and loss of muscle tone.

Cataplexy

3

____ is the repetition of certain physiological phenomena within a 24-hour cycle.

Circadian Rhythm

4

____ is extreme fatigue felt during the day.

Excessive daytime sleepiness

5

Falling asleep at inappropriate times, such as while eating, talking, or driving indicates what?

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

6

____ is a class of drugs that causes insensibility to pain and induces sleep.

Hypnotics

7

____ is the condition characterized by chronic inability to sleep or remain asleep through the night.

Insomnia

8

____ is a neurohormone produced in the brain that helps control circadian rhythms.

Melatonin

9

____ is a syndrome involving sudden sleep attacks that a person cannot inhibit. The uncontrollable desire to sleep may occur several times during a day.

Narcolepsy

10

____ is urination at night.

Nocturia

11

____ can be a symptom of renal disease or may occur in persons who drink excessive amounts of fluids before bedtime.

Nocturia

12

____ is sleep that occurs during the first four stages of normal sleep.

Nonrapid Eye Movement Sleep (NREM)

13

____ is the stage of sleep in which dreaming and rapid eye movements are prominent. Important for mental restoration

Rapid Eye Movement Sleep (REM)

14

____ are medications that produce a calming effect by decreasing functional activity, diminishing irritability, and allaying excitement.

Sedatives

15

____ is a state marked by reduced consciousness, diminished activity of the skeletal muscles and depressed metabolism.

Sleep

16

____ is cessation of breathing for a time during sleep.

Sleep Apnea

17

____ is the condition resulting from a decrease in the amount, quality, and consistency of sleep.

Sleep Deprivation

18

____ is the resistance to the ejection of blood from the left ventricle.

Afterload

19

____ is the collapse of alveoli, preventing the normal respiratory exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.

Atelectasis

20

____ is a portion of he cardiac conduction system located on the floor of the right atrium; it receives electrical impulses from the atrium and transmits them to the bundle of His.

AV Node

21

____ is the adequacy of the cardiac output for an individual. It takes into account the body surface area of the patient.

Cardiac index

22

____ is the volume of blood expelled by the ventricles of the heart, equal to the amount of blood ejected at each beat multiplied by the number of beats in the period of time used for computation.

Cardiac Output

23

____ is actively assisting the patient with achieving and maintaining an optimal level of health through controlled physical exercise, nutrition consoling, relaxation, and stress management techniques, prescribed medications and oxygen and compliance.

Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation

24

____ is the basic emergency procedures for life support consisting of artificial respiration and manual external cardiac massage.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

25

____ is the striking of the chest wall with a cupped hand to promote mobilization and drainage of pulmonary secretions.

Chest percussion

26

____ is the group of therapies used to mobilize pulmonary secretions for expectoration.

Chest physiotherapy (CPT)

27

____ is a catheter inserted through the thorax into the chest cavity for removing air or fluid, used after chest or heart surgery or pneumothorax.

Chest Tube

28

____ is the respiration in which the abdomen moves out while the diaphragm descends on inspiration.

Diaphragmatic breathing

29

____ is the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of lower concentration.

Diffusion

30

____ is the sensation of shortness of breath.

Dyspnea

31

____ is the deviation from the normal pattern of the heartbeat.

Dysrhythmia

32

____ is the coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract.

Hemoptysis

33

____ is the accumulation of blood and fluid in the pleural cavity between the parietal and visceral pleurae.

Hemothorax

34

____ is the process of adding water to gas.

Humidification

35

____ is the greater that normal amounts of carbon dioxide in the blood also called hypercarbia.

Hypercapnia

36

____ is the respiratory rate in excess of that required to maintain normal carbon dioxide levels in the body tissues.

Hyperventilation

37

____ is the respiratory rate insufficient to prevent carbon dioxide retention.

Hypoventilation

38

____ occurs when arterial blood oxygen level is less that 60 mm HG; low oxygen level in the blood.

Hypoxemia

39

____ is the inadequate cellular oxygenation that may result form a deficiency in the delivery or use of oxygen at the cellular level.

Hypoxia

40

____ is the measure of stretch of the cardiac muscle fiber.

Myocardial contractility

41

____ is the necrosis of a portion of cardiac muscle caused by obstruction in a coronary artery.

Myocardial infarction

42

____ is a condition that results when the supply of blood to the myocardium front he coronary arteries is insufficient to meet the oxygen demands of the organ.

Myocardial ischemia

43

____ is the process of adding moisture to inspired air by the addition of water droplets.

Nebulization

44

____ is the wave patter on an electrocardiogram that indicates normal conduction of an electrical impulse through the myocardium.

Normal Sinus Rhythm (NSR)

45

____ is an abnormal condition in which a person must sit or stand up to breathe comfortably.

Orthopnea

46

____ is a procedure in which oxygen is administered to a patients to relieve or prevent hypoxia.

Oxygen therapy

47

____ is the passage of a fluid through a specific organ or an area of the body.

Perfusion

48

____ is the collection of air or gas in the pleural space.

Pneumothorax

49

____ is the use of positioning along with percussion and vibration to drain secretions from specific segments of the lungs and bronchi into the trachea.

Postural drainage

50

____ is the volume of blood in the ventricles at the end of diastole, immediately before ventricular contraction.

Preload

51

____ is the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that effectively removes sputum from the respiratory tract and helps clear the airways.

Productive Cough

52

____ is the deep inspiration followed by prolonged expiration through pursed lips.

Pursed lip breathing

53

____ is called the pacemaker of the heart because the origin of the normal heartbeat begins here. It is in the right atrium next to the entrance of the superior vena cava.

Sinoatrial node (SA node)

54

____ is the amount of blood ejected by the ventricles with each contraction.

Stroke Volume

55

____ is a chemical produced in the lung by alveolar type 2 cells that maintains the surface tension of the alveoli and keeps them from collapsing.

Surfactant

56

____ is the respiratory process by which gases are moved into and out of the lungs.

Ventilation

57

____ is fine, shaking pressure applied by hands to the chest wall only during exhalation.

Vibration

58

____ is the adventitious lung sound caused by a severely narrowed bronchus.

Wheezing.

59

____ is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide during cellular metabolism.

Respiration