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Flashcards in 115 Unit 5 Deck (59)
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1

____ is the cyclical nature of body functions; functions controlled from within the body are synchronized with environmental factors. Same meaning as biorhythm.

Biological Clock

2

____ is a condition characterized by sudden muscular weakness and loss of muscle tone.

Cataplexy

3

____ is the repetition of certain physiological phenomena within a 24-hour cycle.

Circadian Rhythm

4

____ is extreme fatigue felt during the day.

Excessive daytime sleepiness

5

Falling asleep at inappropriate times, such as while eating, talking, or driving indicates what?

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

6

____ is a class of drugs that causes insensibility to pain and induces sleep.

Hypnotics

7

____ is the condition characterized by chronic inability to sleep or remain asleep through the night.

Insomnia

8

____ is a neurohormone produced in the brain that helps control circadian rhythms.

Melatonin

9

____ is a syndrome involving sudden sleep attacks that a person cannot inhibit. The uncontrollable desire to sleep may occur several times during a day.

Narcolepsy

10

____ is urination at night.

Nocturia

11

____ can be a symptom of renal disease or may occur in persons who drink excessive amounts of fluids before bedtime.

Nocturia

12

____ is sleep that occurs during the first four stages of normal sleep.

Nonrapid Eye Movement Sleep (NREM)

13

____ is the stage of sleep in which dreaming and rapid eye movements are prominent. Important for mental restoration

Rapid Eye Movement Sleep (REM)

14

____ are medications that produce a calming effect by decreasing functional activity, diminishing irritability, and allaying excitement.

Sedatives

15

____ is a state marked by reduced consciousness, diminished activity of the skeletal muscles and depressed metabolism.

Sleep

16

____ is cessation of breathing for a time during sleep.

Sleep Apnea

17

____ is the condition resulting from a decrease in the amount, quality, and consistency of sleep.

Sleep Deprivation

18

____ is the resistance to the ejection of blood from the left ventricle.

Afterload

19

____ is the collapse of alveoli, preventing the normal respiratory exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.

Atelectasis

20

____ is a portion of he cardiac conduction system located on the floor of the right atrium; it receives electrical impulses from the atrium and transmits them to the bundle of His.

AV Node

21

____ is the adequacy of the cardiac output for an individual. It takes into account the body surface area of the patient.

Cardiac index

22

____ is the volume of blood expelled by the ventricles of the heart, equal to the amount of blood ejected at each beat multiplied by the number of beats in the period of time used for computation.

Cardiac Output

23

____ is actively assisting the patient with achieving and maintaining an optimal level of health through controlled physical exercise, nutrition consoling, relaxation, and stress management techniques, prescribed medications and oxygen and compliance.

Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation

24

____ is the basic emergency procedures for life support consisting of artificial respiration and manual external cardiac massage.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

25

____ is the striking of the chest wall with a cupped hand to promote mobilization and drainage of pulmonary secretions.

Chest percussion

26

____ is the group of therapies used to mobilize pulmonary secretions for expectoration.

Chest physiotherapy (CPT)

27

____ is a catheter inserted through the thorax into the chest cavity for removing air or fluid, used after chest or heart surgery or pneumothorax.

Chest Tube

28

____ is the respiration in which the abdomen moves out while the diaphragm descends on inspiration.

Diaphragmatic breathing

29

____ is the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of lower concentration.

Diffusion

30

____ is the sensation of shortness of breath.

Dyspnea