Flashcards in GU Deck (77)
____ is a term for bladder inflammation that most often occurs with infection.
____ is the term for kidney stones.
____ is the involuntary bladder emptying
____ is a term that describes urination at night.
____ is the buildup of nitrogenous waste products in the blood as a result of some degree of kidney impairment.
____ is a term that describes itching.
A ____ is an audible swishing sound produced when the volume of blood or the diameter of the blood vessel changes. Often occurs with blood flow through a narrowed vessel, as in renal artery stenosis.
____ is the presence of albumin in the urine that is not measurable by a urine dipstick or usual urinalysis procedures.
Three types of keytones.
____ is an enzyme found in some white blood cells especially neutrophils that when present in urine is a sensitive screen for assessing UTI's.
____ means going against he normal flow of urine.
____ is how most kidney biopsies are performed by going through the skin and other tissues using ultrasound or CT as guidance.
What are the there types of acute lower urinary tract infections?
____ is an upper urinary tract infection in the kidney.
____ is a term for the presence of bacteria in the urine.
____ is an inflammatory condition of the bladder.
____ is a rare, chronic inflammatory disease of the entire lower urinary tract (bladder, urethra, and adjacent pelvic muscles) that has no known cause.
____ is the term for the spread of infection from the urinary tract to the bloodstream.
____ is pain or burning with urination.
____ is the presence of WBC's in the urine.
____ is an abnormal thickening of the bladder wall caused by urinary retention and obstruction.
____ is an inflammation of the urethra.
____ is the involuntary loss of urine when the bladder is over distended.
____ is the surgical removal of the affected area with or without grafting to create a larger opening.
____ is the control over the time and place of urination and is unique to humans and some domestic animals.
____ is and involuntary loss of urine sever enough to cause social or hygienic problems.
____ is the presence of calculi in the urinary tract.
____ is the formation of stones in the kidney.
____ is the formation of stones in the ureter.
____ is the enlargement of the ureter.
____ is bloody urine.
____ is enlargement of the kidney caused by blockage of urine lower in the tract and filling of the kidney with urine.
____ is a term used to describe the pain caused by major manifestation of stones.
____ is a term for scant urine output.
____is the absence of urine output.
____ is a small tube that is placed in the ureter by ureteroscopy.
____ is the use of sound, laser, or dry shock waves to break the stone into small fragments.
Shock Wave Lithotripsy
____ is a term used to describe the inside of the bladder.
____ is the removal of the bladder and surrounding tissue.
____ is an inherited disorder in which fluid-filled cysts develop in the nephrons.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
____ is the need to urinate excessively at night.
In ____ the kidney enlarges as urine collects in the renal pelvis and kidney tissues.
____ is the enlargement of the ureter.
____ is an obstruction that occurs low in the urinary tract due to decreased diameter of the urethra, causing bladder distention before hydrometer and hydronephrosis.
____ is the surgical creation of an opening directly into the kidney; performed to divert urine externally and prevent further damage to the kidney when a stricture is causing hydronephrosis and cannot be corrected with urologic procedures.
____ is a bacterial infection in the kidney and renal pelvis.
Difference in acue and chronic pyelonephritis.
Acute is the active bacterial infection
Chronic results from repeated or continued upper urinary tract infections or the effects of such infections.
___- is the reverse or upward flow of urine toward the renal pelvis and kidney.
____ are pockets of infection that can occur anywhere in the kidney.
____ is the surgical procedure of stone removal from the kidney.
____ is the surgical removal of the kidney.
____ is the ureter repair or revision.
____ is a condition of increased glomerular permeability that allows larger molecules to pass through the membrane into the urine and then be excreted.
____ is a problem of thickening in the nephron blood vessels, resulting in narrowing of the vessel lumens.
____ is an increase in the number of cells in the prostate.
Nodular Tissue Hyperplasia
____ is a type of incontinence in which urine leaks around the enlarged prostate causing dribbling.
Overflow urinary Incontinence
____ is an abnormal distention of the ureter.
____ is the abnormal enlargement of the kidney caused by a blockage of urine lower in the tract and filling of the kidney with urine
____ is the inflammation and possible infection of the prostate.
____ is a technique for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia that uses a variety of heat methods to destroy excess prostate tissue.
____ is a procedure for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia using low radio frequency energy to shrink the prostate.
Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA)
____ is a procedure for treating benign prosaic hyperplasia using high temperatures to heat and destroy excess tissue.
Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT)
____ is a procedure for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia that uses laser energy to coagulate excess tissue
Interstitial Laser Coagulation (ILC)
Contact Laser Prostatectomy (CLP)
____ is a procedure for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia with high-frequency electrical current to cut and vaporize excess tissue.
Electrovaporization of the Prostate (EVAP)
____ is a surgical procedure in which the enlarged portion of the prostate is removed through an endoscopic instrument.
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate
____ is a glycoprotein produced by the prostate. It is used as a screening test for prostate cancer.
Prostate-specific antigen PSA
____ is the removal of both testicles.
____ is the observation for cancer, without immediate active treatment.
____ is the inflammation of the rectal mucosa.
____ is a term to describe breast tenderness and growth in men.
____ is an inflammation of the prostate gland.
____ is the inflammation of the epididymis
____ is known as impotence. The inability to achieve or maintain an erection for sexual intercourse
____ is the term for an undescended testis.
____ is known as penile swelling.
____ is low sperm count.