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Flashcards in GU Deck (77)
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1

____ is a term for bladder inflammation that most often occurs with infection.

Cystitis

2

____ is the term for kidney stones.

Calculi

3

____ is the involuntary bladder emptying

Incontinence

4

____ is a term that describes urination at night.

Nocturia

5

____ is the buildup of nitrogenous waste products in the blood as a result of some degree of kidney impairment.

Uremia

6

____ is a term that describes itching.

Pruritus

7

A ____ is an audible swishing sound produced when the volume of blood or the diameter of the blood vessel changes. Often occurs with blood flow through a narrowed vessel, as in renal artery stenosis.

Bruit

8

____ is the presence of albumin in the urine that is not measurable by a urine dipstick or usual urinalysis procedures.

Microalbuminuria

9

Three types of keytones.

Acetone
Acetoacetic acid
Beta-hydroxybutyric Acid.

10

____ is an enzyme found in some white blood cells especially neutrophils that when present in urine is a sensitive screen for assessing UTI's.

Leukoesterase

11

____ means going against he normal flow of urine.

Retrograde

12

____ is how most kidney biopsies are performed by going through the skin and other tissues using ultrasound or CT as guidance.

Percutaneously

13

What are the there types of acute lower urinary tract infections?

Urethritis-urethra
Cystitis-bladder
Prostatitis-prostate

14

____ is an upper urinary tract infection in the kidney.

Pyelonephritis

15

____ is a term for the presence of bacteria in the urine.

Bacteriuria

16

____ is an inflammatory condition of the bladder.

Cystitis

17

____ is a rare, chronic inflammatory disease of the entire lower urinary tract (bladder, urethra, and adjacent pelvic muscles) that has no known cause.

Interstitial cystitis

18

____ is the term for the spread of infection from the urinary tract to the bloodstream.

Urosepsis

19

____ is pain or burning with urination.

Dysuria

20

____ is the presence of WBC's in the urine.

Pyuria

21

____ is an abnormal thickening of the bladder wall caused by urinary retention and obstruction.

Trabeculation

22

____ is an inflammation of the urethra.

Urethritis

23

____ is the involuntary loss of urine when the bladder is over distended.

Overflow Incontinece

24

____ is the surgical removal of the affected area with or without grafting to create a larger opening.

Urethroplasty

25

____ is the control over the time and place of urination and is unique to humans and some domestic animals.

Continence

26

____ is and involuntary loss of urine sever enough to cause social or hygienic problems.

Incontinence

27

____ is the presence of calculi in the urinary tract.

Urolithiasis

28

____ is the formation of stones in the kidney.

Nephrolithiasis

29

____ is the formation of stones in the ureter.

Ureterolithiasis

30

____ is the enlargement of the ureter.

Hydroureter