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Flashcards in GU Deck (77)
1

____ is a term for bladder inflammation that most often occurs with infection.

Cystitis

2

____ is the term for kidney stones.

Calculi

3

____ is the involuntary bladder emptying

Incontinence

4

____ is a term that describes urination at night.

Nocturia

5

____ is the buildup of nitrogenous waste products in the blood as a result of some degree of kidney impairment.

Uremia

6

____ is a term that describes itching.

Pruritus

7

A ____ is an audible swishing sound produced when the volume of blood or the diameter of the blood vessel changes. Often occurs with blood flow through a narrowed vessel, as in renal artery stenosis.

Bruit

8

____ is the presence of albumin in the urine that is not measurable by a urine dipstick or usual urinalysis procedures.

Microalbuminuria

9

Three types of keytones.

Acetone
Acetoacetic acid
Beta-hydroxybutyric Acid.

10

____ is an enzyme found in some white blood cells especially neutrophils that when present in urine is a sensitive screen for assessing UTI's.

Leukoesterase

11

____ means going against he normal flow of urine.

Retrograde

12

____ is how most kidney biopsies are performed by going through the skin and other tissues using ultrasound or CT as guidance.

Percutaneously

13

What are the there types of acute lower urinary tract infections?

Urethritis-urethra
Cystitis-bladder
Prostatitis-prostate

14

____ is an upper urinary tract infection in the kidney.

Pyelonephritis

15

____ is a term for the presence of bacteria in the urine.

Bacteriuria

16

____ is an inflammatory condition of the bladder.

Cystitis

17

____ is a rare, chronic inflammatory disease of the entire lower urinary tract (bladder, urethra, and adjacent pelvic muscles) that has no known cause.

Interstitial cystitis

18

____ is the term for the spread of infection from the urinary tract to the bloodstream.

Urosepsis

19

____ is pain or burning with urination.

Dysuria

20

____ is the presence of WBC's in the urine.

Pyuria

21

____ is an abnormal thickening of the bladder wall caused by urinary retention and obstruction.

Trabeculation

22

____ is an inflammation of the urethra.

Urethritis

23

____ is the involuntary loss of urine when the bladder is over distended.

Overflow Incontinece

24

____ is the surgical removal of the affected area with or without grafting to create a larger opening.

Urethroplasty

25

____ is the control over the time and place of urination and is unique to humans and some domestic animals.

Continence

26

____ is and involuntary loss of urine sever enough to cause social or hygienic problems.

Incontinence

27

____ is the presence of calculi in the urinary tract.

Urolithiasis

28

____ is the formation of stones in the kidney.

Nephrolithiasis

29

____ is the formation of stones in the ureter.

Ureterolithiasis

30

____ is the enlargement of the ureter.

Hydroureter

31

____ is bloody urine.

Hematuria

32

____ is enlargement of the kidney caused by blockage of urine lower in the tract and filling of the kidney with urine.

Hydronephrosis

33

____ is a term used to describe the pain caused by major manifestation of stones.

Renal Colic

34

____ is a term for scant urine output.

Oliguria

35

____is the absence of urine output.

Anuria

36

____ is a small tube that is placed in the ureter by ureteroscopy.

Stent

37

____ is the use of sound, laser, or dry shock waves to break the stone into small fragments.

Lithotripsy
aka
Shock Wave Lithotripsy

38

____ is a term used to describe the inside of the bladder.

Intravesical

39

____ is the removal of the bladder and surrounding tissue.

Radical Cystectomy

40

____ is an inherited disorder in which fluid-filled cysts develop in the nephrons.

Polycystic Kidney Disease

41

____ is the need to urinate excessively at night.

Nocturia

42

In ____ the kidney enlarges as urine collects in the renal pelvis and kidney tissues.

Hydronephrosis

43

____ is the enlargement of the ureter.

Hydroureter

44

____ is an obstruction that occurs low in the urinary tract due to decreased diameter of the urethra, causing bladder distention before hydrometer and hydronephrosis.

Urethral Stricture

45

____ is the surgical creation of an opening directly into the kidney; performed to divert urine externally and prevent further damage to the kidney when a stricture is causing hydronephrosis and cannot be corrected with urologic procedures.

Nephrostomy

46

____ is a bacterial infection in the kidney and renal pelvis.

Pyelonephritis

47

Difference in acue and chronic pyelonephritis.

Acute is the active bacterial infection
Chronic results from repeated or continued upper urinary tract infections or the effects of such infections.

48

___- is the reverse or upward flow of urine toward the renal pelvis and kidney.

Reflux

49

____ are pockets of infection that can occur anywhere in the kidney.

Abscesses

50

____ is the surgical procedure of stone removal from the kidney.

Pyleolithotomy

51

____ is the surgical removal of the kidney.

Nephrectomy

52

____ is the ureter repair or revision.

Ureteroplasty

53

____ is a condition of increased glomerular permeability that allows larger molecules to pass through the membrane into the urine and then be excreted.

Nephrotic Syndrome

54

____ is a problem of thickening in the nephron blood vessels, resulting in narrowing of the vessel lumens.

Nephrosclerosis

55

____ is an increase in the number of cells in the prostate.

Nodular Tissue Hyperplasia

56

____ is a type of incontinence in which urine leaks around the enlarged prostate causing dribbling.

Overflow urinary Incontinence

57

____ is an abnormal distention of the ureter.

Hydroureter

58

____ is the abnormal enlargement of the kidney caused by a blockage of urine lower in the tract and filling of the kidney with urine

Hydronephrosis

59

____ is the inflammation and possible infection of the prostate.

Prostatitis

60

____ is a technique for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia that uses a variety of heat methods to destroy excess prostate tissue.

Thermotherapy

61

____ is a procedure for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia using low radio frequency energy to shrink the prostate.

Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA)

62

____ is a procedure for treating benign prosaic hyperplasia using high temperatures to heat and destroy excess tissue.

Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT)

63

____ is a procedure for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia that uses laser energy to coagulate excess tissue

Interstitial Laser Coagulation (ILC)
aka
Contact Laser Prostatectomy (CLP)

64

____ is a procedure for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia with high-frequency electrical current to cut and vaporize excess tissue.

Electrovaporization of the Prostate (EVAP)

65

____ is a surgical procedure in which the enlarged portion of the prostate is removed through an endoscopic instrument.

Transurethral Resection of the Prostate
(TURP)

66

____ is a glycoprotein produced by the prostate. It is used as a screening test for prostate cancer.

Prostate-specific antigen PSA

67

____ is the removal of both testicles.

Bilateral orchiectomy

68

____ is the observation for cancer, without immediate active treatment.

Active Surveillance

69

____ is the inflammation of the rectal mucosa.

Radiation proctitis

70

____ is a term to describe breast tenderness and growth in men.

Gynecomastia

71

____ is an inflammation of the prostate gland.

Prostatitis

72

____ is the inflammation of the epididymis

Epididymitis

73

____ is known as impotence. The inability to achieve or maintain an erection for sexual intercourse

Erectile dysfunction

74

____ is the term for an undescended testis.

Cryptorchidism

75

____ is known as penile swelling.

Tumescence

76

____ is low sperm count.

Oligospermia

77

____ s the absence of living sperm.

Azoospermia