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Flashcards in Cardiac Nurs. 241 Deck (66)
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1

____ is the name for the heart muscle.

Myocardium

2

____ is a protective covering of the heart.

Pericardium

3

____ is the back flow of blood into the atria.

Valvular regurgitation

4

____ is the amount of blood pumped from the left ventricle each minute. (Heart Rate x Stroke Volume)

Cardiac Output

5

____ is the amount of blood ejected by the left ventricle during each contraction.

Stoke volume

6

Having a BMI of 25-30 means a person is ____.

Overweight

7

Having a BMI of 30 or greater means a person is ____.

Obese

8

____ is dyspnea that appears when he/she lies flat.

Orthopnea

9

____ is pain usually relieved by resting or lowering the affected extremity to decreases tissue demands or to enhance arterial blood flow.

Claudication

10

___ is the name for dusky redness color.

Rubor

11

____ is the term for S3.

Ventricular Gallop

12

____ is the term for S4

Atrial Gallop

13

____ causes muffled heart sounds and originates from the pericardial sac and occurs with the movements of the chart during the cardiac cycle.

Pericardial Friction Rub

14

____ is a myocardial muscle protein released into the bloodstream with injury to myocardial muscle.

Troponin

15

____ is an enzyme specific to cells of the brain, myocardium, and skeletal muscle. It appearance indicates tissue necrosis or injury.

Creatinine Kinase

16

____ is an invasive diagnostic procedure that involves fluoroscopy and the use of contrast media.

Angiography
aka
Arteriography

17

____ is an invasive procedure during which programmed electrical stimulation of the heart is used to cause and evaluate lethal dysrhythmias and conduction abnormalities.

EPS
Electrophysiologic Study

18

____ is a hr less than 60 bpm.

Bradycardia

19

____ is a hr more than 100 bpm.

Tachycardia

20

____ is any disorder of he heartbeat.

Dysrhythmia

21

____ is the name for the rhythm when the SA node discharge is more than 100 bpm.

Sinus Tach

22

____ is a nonsurgical intervention that provides a timed electrical stimulus to he heart when either the impulse initiation or the conduction system of the heart is defective.

Temporary pacing

23

____ induce vagal stimulation of the cardiac conduction system, specifically the SA and AV nodes.

Vagal maneuvers

24

____ is the most common dysrhythmia seen in clinical practice

A Fib

25

____ is a synchronized countershock that may be performed in emergencies for unstable ventricular or supra ventricular tachydysrhytmias or electively for stable tachydysrhythmias that are resistant to medical therapies.

Cardioversion

26

____ is an invasive procedure that may be used to destroy an irritable focus causing a supra ventricular or ventricular tachydysrythmia.

Radiofrequency catheter ablation

27

____ are also call remature ventricular contractions, result from increased irritability of ventricular cells and are seen as early ventricular complexes followed by a pause.

Premature ventricular complexes

28

____ is an asynchronous countershock, depolarizes a critical mass of myocardium simultaneously to stop the re-entry circuit, allowing the sinus node to regain control of the heart.

Defibrillation

29

____ is a general term for the inability of the heart to work effectively as a pump.

Heart Failure

30

____ is enlargement of the myocardium.

Myocardial hypertrophy