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Flashcards in Cardiac Nurs. 241 Deck (66)
1

____ is the name for the heart muscle.

Myocardium

2

____ is a protective covering of the heart.

Pericardium

3

____ is the back flow of blood into the atria.

Valvular regurgitation

4

____ is the amount of blood pumped from the left ventricle each minute. (Heart Rate x Stroke Volume)

Cardiac Output

5

____ is the amount of blood ejected by the left ventricle during each contraction.

Stoke volume

6

Having a BMI of 25-30 means a person is ____.

Overweight

7

Having a BMI of 30 or greater means a person is ____.

Obese

8

____ is dyspnea that appears when he/she lies flat.

Orthopnea

9

____ is pain usually relieved by resting or lowering the affected extremity to decreases tissue demands or to enhance arterial blood flow.

Claudication

10

___ is the name for dusky redness color.

Rubor

11

____ is the term for S3.

Ventricular Gallop

12

____ is the term for S4

Atrial Gallop

13

____ causes muffled heart sounds and originates from the pericardial sac and occurs with the movements of the chart during the cardiac cycle.

Pericardial Friction Rub

14

____ is a myocardial muscle protein released into the bloodstream with injury to myocardial muscle.

Troponin

15

____ is an enzyme specific to cells of the brain, myocardium, and skeletal muscle. It appearance indicates tissue necrosis or injury.

Creatinine Kinase

16

____ is an invasive diagnostic procedure that involves fluoroscopy and the use of contrast media.

Angiography
aka
Arteriography

17

____ is an invasive procedure during which programmed electrical stimulation of the heart is used to cause and evaluate lethal dysrhythmias and conduction abnormalities.

EPS
Electrophysiologic Study

18

____ is a hr less than 60 bpm.

Bradycardia

19

____ is a hr more than 100 bpm.

Tachycardia

20

____ is any disorder of he heartbeat.

Dysrhythmia

21

____ is the name for the rhythm when the SA node discharge is more than 100 bpm.

Sinus Tach

22

____ is a nonsurgical intervention that provides a timed electrical stimulus to he heart when either the impulse initiation or the conduction system of the heart is defective.

Temporary pacing

23

____ induce vagal stimulation of the cardiac conduction system, specifically the SA and AV nodes.

Vagal maneuvers

24

____ is the most common dysrhythmia seen in clinical practice

A Fib

25

____ is a synchronized countershock that may be performed in emergencies for unstable ventricular or supra ventricular tachydysrhytmias or electively for stable tachydysrhythmias that are resistant to medical therapies.

Cardioversion

26

____ is an invasive procedure that may be used to destroy an irritable focus causing a supra ventricular or ventricular tachydysrythmia.

Radiofrequency catheter ablation

27

____ are also call remature ventricular contractions, result from increased irritability of ventricular cells and are seen as early ventricular complexes followed by a pause.

Premature ventricular complexes

28

____ is an asynchronous countershock, depolarizes a critical mass of myocardium simultaneously to stop the re-entry circuit, allowing the sinus node to regain control of the heart.

Defibrillation

29

____ is a general term for the inability of the heart to work effectively as a pump.

Heart Failure

30

____ is enlargement of the myocardium.

Myocardial hypertrophy

31

____ uses a permanent pacemaker alone or is combined with a n implantable cardioverter/defibrillator.

Biventricular pacing
aka
Cardiac resynchronization therapy

32

____ is the term for blackouts.

Syncope

33

____ occurs because the valvular leaflets enlarge and prolapse into the left atrium during systole.

Mitral valve prolapse

34

____usually results from rheumatic carditis, which can cause valve thickening by fibrosis and calcification.

Mitral Stenosis

35

In ____ the aortic valve orifice narrows and obstructs left ventricular outflow during systole.

Aortic Stenosis

36

____ is a microbial infection of the endocardium.

Infective Endocarditis

37

____ are black longitudinal lines or small read streaks that appear on the distal third of the nail beds.

Splinter hemorrhages

38

____ are pinpoint red spots.

Petechiae

39

____ is an inflammation or alteration of the pericardium.

Acute Pericarditis

40

____ occurs when chronic pericardial inflammation causes a fibrous thickening of the pericardium.

Chronic constrictive pericarditis

41

____ occurs when he space between the parietal and visceral layers of the pericardium fills with fluid.

Pericardial Effusion

42

____ a serious condition of excessive fluid within the pericardial cavity.

Cardiac Tamponade

43

____ is a term for an enlarged heart.

Cardiomegaly

44

____ is a subacute or chronic disease of cardiac muscle, and the cause may be unknown.

Cardiomyopathy

45

____ is the structural abnormality most commonly seen.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

46

____ is the rarest of the cardiomyopathies, is characterized by stiff ventricles that restrict filing during diastole.

Restricitive Cardiomyopathy

47

____ is a thickening, or hardening of the arterial wall that is often associated with aging.

Arteriosclerosis

48

____ is a type of arteriosclerosis that involves the formation of plaque within the arterial wall and is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

Atherosclerosis

49

____ includes disorders that change the natural flow of blood through the arteries and tens of the peripheral circulation, causing decreased perfusion to body tissues.

PVD

50

____ is a pier of clot that travels and lodges in a new area

Embolus

51

____ is a permanent localized dilation of an artery which enlarges the artery to at least 2 times its normal diameter.

Aneurysm

52

____ is a blood clot believed to result from an endothelial injury, venous stasis, or hyper coagulability.

Thrombus

53

____ refers to a thrombus that is associated with inflammation.

Thrombophlebitis

54

____ is the most common type of thrombophlebitis.

DVT

55

____are dilated intradermal veins less than 1-3mm in diameter that are visible on eh skin surface.

Telangiectasias
aka
Spider Veins

56

____ are distended, protruding veins that pear darkened and tortuous.

Varicose Veins

57

____ is a widespread abnormal cellular metabolism that occurs when gas exchange with oxygenation and issue perfusion needs are not met sufficiently to maintain cell function.

Shock

58

____ is a widespread infection that triggers whole-body inflammation.

Sepsis

59

____ is a broad term that includes chronic stable angina and acute coronary syndromes.

CAD

60

____ is a term for necrosis or cell death.

Infarction

61

____ is a chest pain caused by a temporary imbalance between the coronary arteries' ability to supple oxygen and the cardiac muscle's demand for oxygen.

Angina pectoris

62

____ is chest discomfort that occurs with moderate to prolonged exertion in a pattern that is familiar to the pt.

Chronic stable angina

63

____ is used to describe its who have either unstable angina or an acute myocardial infarction.

Acute Coronary Syndrome

64

____ occurs when myocardial tissue is abruptly and severely deprived of oxygen.

Myocardial Infarction

65

____ is necrosis of more than 40% of the left ventricle occurs.

Cardiogenic Shock

66

____ is an infection of he mediastinum.

Mediastinitis