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Flashcards in GI part 1 Deck (112)
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1

____ is the inner wall of the GI tract that consists of four layers.

Lumen

2

What are the 4 layers of the lumen?

Mucosa
Submucosa
Muscularis
Serosa

3

Before food can be absorbed, it must be broken down in to a liquid known as ____.

Chyme

4

____ is the mechanical and chemical process in which complex foodstuffs are broken down into simpler forms that can be used by the body.

Digestion

5

____ is carried out as the nutrients produced by digestion move from the lumen of the GI tract not the body's circulatory system for uptake by individual cells.

Absorption

6

____ is the act of chewing.

Mastication

7

____ is the sphincter at the upper end of the esophagus that prevents air from entering the esophagus during respiration when at rest.

Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES)

8

____ is the portion of the esophagus just above the gastroesophageal junction the is normally closed to prevent reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus, when at rest.

Lower Esophageal Sphicter (LES)

9

What type of cells line the wall of the stomach and secrete hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor?

Parietal cells

10

____ is a substance that iAds in the absorption of vitamin B12. Without this, pernicious anemia is caused.

Intrinsic Factor

11

____ are part of the body's reticuloendothelial system; they engulf harmful bacteria and anemic red blood cells. (Protective function of liver.)

Kupffer cells.

12

____ is the larges organ in the body (other than the skin).

Liver

13

3 major categories of liver function.

Storage
Protection
Metabolism

14

Location of the liver.

RUQ of abdomen

15

____ is a pear shaped bulbous sac that is located under the liver.

Gallbladder

16

____ is the longest and most convoluted portion of the digestive system measuring 16 to 19 feet.

Small Intestine

17

Three different regions of the Small Intestine?

Duodenum
Jejunum
Ilieum

18

____ extends about five to six feet in length from the ileocecal valve to the anus and is lined with columnar epithelium that has absorptive mucous cells.

Large Intestine

19

____ is a loss of appetite for food?

Anorexia

20

____ is a term for indigestion or heartburn.

Dyspepsia

21

Mnemonic that is helpful for assessing pain in pt's with GI disorders.

PQRST
Precipitating or Palliative- what causes/relieves. Noticed when?
Quality or quantity- How look, feel, sound, intense/severe?
Region or radiation- where? has/does it spread
Severity scale- 0-10, better, worse, or same?
Timing- onset: when. Duration: how long. Frequency: how often?

22

____ is the Yellowing of the skin caused by bilirubin pigments?

Jaundice

23

____ is the term for an enlarged liver?

Hepatomegaly

24

____ is the term for an enlarged spleen?

Splenomegaly

25

____ is a term for fatty stools?

Steatorrhea

26

____ is a x-ray visualization from the mouth to the duodenojejunal junction. Used to detect disorders of structor or function of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum.

Upper GI radiographic series

27

____ is an x-ray of the biliary duct system using ann iodinated dye instilled via a percutaneous needle inserted through the liver into the intrahepatic ducts.

Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC)

28

____ is a direct visualization of the GI tract using a flexible fiberoptic endoscope.

Endoscopy

29

____ is a visual examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)

30

____ includes visual and radiographic examination of the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas to id the came and location of obstruction.

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)