16: Personal and Reflexive Pronouns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 16: Personal and Reflexive Pronouns Deck (23)
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1

αὐτός, -ή, -ό

he, she, it;

himself, herself, itself; (when in intensive use, predicate position)

same (attributive or substantive position)

2

ἑαυτοῦ, -ῆς, -οῦ

himself, herself, itself (reflexive pronouns)

3

ἐγώ

I

4

ἐμαυτοῦ

myself (genitive, there is no nominative)

5

ἐμός, -ή, -όν

my (possessive pronoun adjective, often emphatic)

6

ἴδιος, -α, -ον

one’s own, peculiar

7

οἰκία, ἡ

house, family, household

8

οἶκος, ὁ

house, household

9

σεαυτοῦ

yourself (genitive form, there is no nominative)

10

σύ

you

11

ὥδε

here (adverb)

12

ἀτιμάζω

I dishonor

13

τιμάω

I honor

14

What are the alternate singular forms in parentheses used for?

They are used when stress, emphasis, or contrast with another noun or pronoun is desired.

15

In what greek pronouns agree with their antecedents?

In gender and number, but not necessarily in case, because it has its own function in a sentence.

16

What does it mean when pronoun εγω is redundant? How do you translate it?

Because greek verbs include subject information in their endings, when εγω is redundant it communicates emphasis.

You can translate this with “-self” (“I myself”).

17

What is the intensive use of pronouns?

When αυτός or its variations, is translated as "-self" because it is in Predicate Adjective Position. It adds stress when combined with another pronoun or subject noun.

 

αυτός ό κυριος καταβήσεται

“The Lord himself will descend”

 

 

18

Recite First Person Personal Pronoun Paradigm

19

Recite Second Person Personal Pronoun Paradigm

20

Recite Third Person Personal Pronoun Paradigm

21

When is the third person personal pronoun translated as "the same"?

Sometimes when expressed in the attributive or substantive adjective positions. 

22

What is the difference between a reflexive and a personal pronoun?

Reflexive pronouns refer to the subject of the clause. That's why they don't have a nominative form. (εαυτου, -ης, -ου)

Personal pronouns refer to someone else. (αυτός, -ή, -ό; except in intensive use)

23

What are the pronominal adjectives for?

(εμός, -ή, -όν)

Another way to express possession, in addition to a simple personal pronoun (μου)

It has to be in agreement with the noun and in attributive position (the article is with the pronoun).